Table 15. Percentage of births by birth order to total number of live births, 1975-1995 a
Birth order
First
Second
Third
Fourth or higher
Country or area 1975 1995 1975 1995 1975 1995 1975 1995
Eastern Asia
China 23.8 62.7 b 22.6 27.8 b 53.6 c 9.5b,c .. ..
Hong Kong 39.4 49.1 b 26.5 37.6 b 14.9 10.1 b 18.3 3.1 b
Japan 45.4 47.8 40.4 36.1 11.8 13.2 2.5 2.9
Macau 34.5 d 45.8 32.5 d 38.7 15.9 d 12.3 17.0 d 3.2
Rep. of Korea 38.3 d 48.1 32.6 d 43.3 18.5 d 7.5 10.6 d 1.0
South-eastern Asia
Singapore 36.7 41.4 31.6 35.5 16.5 17.0 14.9 6.1
Western Asia
Armenia 36.9 39.6 28.2 36.9 17.3 16.5 17.6 7.0
Cyprus 43.1 34.9 32.7 33.6 14.5 19.9 8.8 11.3
Georgia 44.4 49.8 e 32.0 33.6 e 15.0 12.1 e 8.6 4.5 e
Europe
Eastern Europe
Belarus 49.1 58.2 33.1 31.2 10.1 6.7 7.8 3.9
Bulgaria 43.6 54.7 41.6 33.6 9.3 6.9 5.4 4.8
Czech Republic f 42.0 47.7 b 40.8 36.9 b 12.8 10.8 b 4.4 4.6 b
Hungary 43.6 43.2 39.6 34.3 10.7 14.4 6.1 8.1
Rep. of Moldova f 45.3 49.1 29.2 32.0 11.2 11.9 14.2 6.4
Poland f 43.9 40.8 31.6 30.6 13.1 15.6 11.4 13.0
Romania f 38.3 54.4 28.5 27.7 15.5 7.9 17.7 10.0
Russian Federation f 54.0 59.7 31.2 28.5 7.6 7.6 7.2 4.2
Slovakia 39.8 43.3 33.6 33.5 15.5 13.6 11.1 9.6
Ukraine 52.2 56.3 g 33.3 31.8 g 9.0 7.6 g 5.5 4.4 g
Northern Europe
Denmark 44.6 45.7 b 36.1 36.1 b 13.8 13.6 b 5.5 4.6 b
Estonia f 49.3 50.1 35.4 31.9 10.0 11.1 5.3 6.9
Finland 52.3 38.8 33.0 34.4 9.7 17.1 5.1 9.7
Iceland f 38.8 37.0 29.4 31.1 18.0 22.8 13.9 9.2
Ireland 30.7 36.4 24.4 30.0 17.3 18.2 27.7 15.1
Latvia f 50.8 52.1 34.4 29.9 9.0 10.7 5.8 7.3
Lithuania f 45.6 50.2 34.5 34.6 11.4 9.7 8.5 5.5
Norway h 43.8 40.6 36.0 36.3 13.8 17.0 6.5 6.0
Sweden f 44.6 39.9 37.6 36.6 13.0 15.9 4.8 7.6
United Kingdom i 41.2 39.2 37.1 36.9 13.5 15.6 8.2 8.3
Southern Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina 46.4 45.9 j 15.7 37.4 j 15.8 11.3 j 22.0 5.4 j
Croatia f 47.1 40.7 b 34.0 35.5 b 8.8 13.8 b 5.7 5.7 b
Greece 43.4 45.7 36.9 37.0 13.0 11.5 6.8 5.8
Italy f 43.2 49.7 g 32.6 36.4 g 13.4 10.5 g 10.8 3.4 g
Portugal f 41.3 52.8 27.1 32.3 11.7 9.2 19.9 5.6
Slovenia k 50.6 46.3 34.3 39.4 9.7 10.9 5.4 3.4
Spain f 37.9 52.1 g 30.1 35.1 g 16.6 9.1 g 15.4 3.7 g
Yugoslavia f 40.3 45.1 b 30.9 32.8 b 9.8 12.8 b 19.0 9.3 b
Western Europe
Austria l 39.9 39.7 33.2 39.0 14.2 15.0 12.8 6.3
Belgium I 49.1 48.1 m 30.8 32.3 m 11.1 12.8 m 9.0 6.8 m
France n 48.2 45.3 g 31.0 33.3 g 11.3 13.8 g 9.5 7.6 g
German Dem. Rep. n 59.4 42.1 b 31.9 38.6 b 5.5 12.1 b 3.3 7.2 b
Germany, Fed. Rep. of n 47.4 b 33.0 35.8 b 11.8 11.7 b 8.5 5.1 b
Germany n .. 47.1 b .. 36.0 b .. 11.7 b .. 5.2 b
Luxembourg 46.9 42.0 34.3 37.6 11.9 15.3 7.0 4.2
Netherlands f 43.8 43.3 39.6 36.5 10.9 14.0 5.6 6.3
Switzerland k 44.4 44.1 38.0 38.0 11.8 13.3 5.8 4.6
Latin America and the Caribbean
Caribbean
Bahamas 29.8 o 37.7 e 20.8 o 26.8 e 14.6 o 16.5 e 34.8 o 18.9 e
Barbados 37.0 o 43.2 m 26.4 o 28.9 m 16.5 o 14.7 m 19.1 o 13.1 m
Cuba 51.4 p 51.4 j 25.7 p 34.2 j 9.6 p 10.2 j 7.2 p 4.2 j
Trinidad and Tobago 31.6 o 36.3 b 24.4 o 26.6 b 15.4 o 15.9 b 28.1 o 21.0 b
Northern America
Canada 44.1 42.5 b 33.6 35.1 b 13.9 14.8 b 8.4 7.6 b
United States of America 42.0 41.3 31.4 31.9 14.0 15.8 11.4 10.2
Oceania
Australia 39.3 40.2 35.4 35.8 15.9 16.6 9.2 7.4
New Zealand 35.7 36.9 e 34.6 33.5 e 17.5 18.3 e 12.1 11.3 e

Sources: Council of Europe. Recent Demographic Developments in Europe 1996. Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg, 1996. Greenhalgh, Susan. Fertility trends in China: approaching the 1990s. Population Council Working Papers, no. 8. New York, 1989. Statistics of the State Statistical Bureau. China's Main Population Data 1994. Department of Population and Employment. United Nations. 1986 Demographic Yearbook. New York. 1988. United Nations. Patterns of Fertility in Low-Fertility Settinigs. New York, 1992. United Nations. Database of the Statistics Division, United Nations, New York.

aPercentages may not add up to 100 because percentages of births of unknown order are not shown.
bRefers to 1994.
cThird or higher order births.
dRefers to 1980.
eRefers to 1992.
fBiological birth order of the mother.
gRefers to 1993.
h1975: births of the actual marriage; 1995: births from the same mother.
iBirths outside marriage are not included.
jRefers to 1990
kBirths of the present marriage
lLegitimate births, including still births.
mRefers to 1991.
nLegitimate births during actual marriage of the mother.
oRefers to 1977.
pRefers to 1982.
Note: Two dots (..) indicate that data are not available.