Table 1. Levels and trends in total fertility rates, 1975-1996

Cuntry or area 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Asia
Eastern Asia
China 3.57 2.31 2.2 2.31 2.20 2.00 2.00 1.86.. ..
Hong Kong 2.75 2.06 1.47 1.19 1.22 1.26 1.23 1.22.. ..
Japan 1.93 1.74 1.74 1.51 1.51 1.47 1.43 1.47.. ..
Macau.. 1.87a .. .. 1.64 .. 1.41 1.431.36 ..
Republic of Korea 3.23 2.70 1.67 1.58 1.70 1.77 1.73 1.72.. ..
South-eastern Asia
Singapore 2.11 1.74 1.62 1.72 1.82 1.82 1.83 1.801.77 ..
Western Asia
Armenia 2.79 2.34 2.55 2.63 2.58 2.35 1.97 1.701.63 ..
Cyprus 2.01 2.46 2.38 2.42 2.33 2.49 2.27 2.232.132.08
Georgia 2.52 2.21 2.26 2.20 2.15 1.79 .. .... ..
Europe
Eastern Europe
Belarus 2.20 2.00 2.07 1.91 1.80 1.75 1.61 1.571.39 ..
Bulgaria 2.24 2.05 1.95 1.81 1.65 1.54 1.46 1.371.241.24
Czech Republic 2.43 2.07 1.95 1.89 1.86 1.72 1.67 1.441.281.18
Hungary 2.38 1.92 1.83 1.84 1.86 1.77 1.69 1.641.571.46
Poland 2.27 2.28 2.33 2.04 2.05 1.93 1.85 1.801.611.60
Republic of Moldova 2.55b 2.36c 2.66d 2.39 2.26 2.21 2.10 1.951.76 ..
Romania 2.62 2.45 2.26 1.83 1.56 1.51 1.44 1.411.341.30
Russian Federation 1.99b 1.89c 2.06d 1.89 1.73 1.55 1.39 1.401.34 ..
Slovakia 2.55 2.32 2.25 2.09 2.05 1.98 1.92 1.661.521.45
Ukraine 2.02 1.95 2.02 1.89 1.81 1.72 1.55 1.501.40 ..
Northern Europe
Denmark 1.92 1.55 1.45 1.67 1.68 1.76 1.75 1.811.81 ..
Estonia 2.04 2.02 2.12 2.05 1.79 1.69 1.45 1.371.321.30
Finland 1.69 1.63 1.64 1.78 1.8 1.85 1.81 1.851.811.76
Iceland 2.65 2.48 1.93 2.31 2.19 2.21 2.22 2.142.082.12
Ireland 3.40 3.23 2.50 2.12 2.08 1.99 1.93 1.861.871.91
Latvia 1.96 1.90 2.09 2.02 1.86 1.73 1.51 1.391.251.16
Lithuania 2.20 2.00 2.10 2.00 1.97 1.89 1.67 1.541.491.43
Norway 1.98 1.72 1.68 1.93 1.92 1.88 1.86 1.871.871.89
Sweden 1.78 1.68 1.73 2.14 2.12 2.09 2.00 1.891.741.61
United Kingdom 1.81 1.89 1.80 1.83 1.82 1.79 1.76 1.741.711.71
Southern Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.35 1.88 1.89 1.7 .. .. .. .... ..
Croatia 1.91 1.92 1.82 1.63 1.53 1.48 1.52 1.471.48 ..
Greece 2.28 2.23 1.68 1.43 1.38 1.39 1.34 1.361.321.31
Italy 2.21 1.68 1.45 1.36 1.33 1.33 1.26 1.22.. ..
Malta 2.17 1.98 1.99 2.05 2.04 2.12 2.01 1.891.832.01
Portugal 2.52 2.19 1.73 1.57 1.57 1.54 1.52 1.441.411.44
Slovenia 2.16 2.11 1.72 1.48 1.46 1.34 1.34 1.321.291.28
Spain 2.80 2.21 1.64 1.36 1.33 1.32 1.27 1.211.171.15
Yugoslavia 2.31 2.26 2.21 2.08 2.08 1.92 1.91 1.851.88 ..
Western Europe
Austria 1.83 1.65 1.47 1.45 1.5 1.49 1.48 1.441.401.42
Belgium 1.74 1.69 1.51 1.62 1.66 1.65 1.60 1.55 1.55 ..
France 1.93 1.95 1.82 1.78 1.77 1.73 1.66 1.651.701.72
German Dem. Rep 1.54 1.94 1.73 1.52 0.98 0.83 0.78 0.770.840.93
Germany, Fed. Rep. of 1.45 1.45 1.28 1.45 1.42 1.40 1.39 1.351.341.39
Germany .. .. .. .. .. 1.29 1.28 1.241.251.29
Luxembourg 1.52 1.50 1.38 1.62 1.60 1.67 1.69 1.721.671.76
Netherlands 1.66 1.60 1.51 1.62 1.61 1.59 1.57 1.571.531.53
Switzerland 1.61 1.55 1.52 1.59 1.58 1.58 1.51 1.491.481.50
Latin America and the Caribbean
Caribbean
Bahamas 2.54 2.87 2.48 2.03 .. 1.95 .. ....
Barbados 2.23 1.88 .. 1.57f .. .. .. ....
Cuba .. 1.64 1.90 1.83 1.69 .. .. ....
Martinique 3.69g .. 2.14 2.02 1.93 1.93 .. ....
Trinidad and Tobago 3.12 3.20 3.21 2.40 .. .. 2.03
Northern America
Canada 1.82 1.71 1.63 1.71 1.7 1.69 1.66 ....
United States of America 1.77 1.83 1.84 2.08 2.07 2.07 2.05 2.07..
Oceania
Australia 2.22 1.92 1.89 1.91 1.85 1.89 1.87 1.85..
New Zealand 2.33 2.05 1.93 2.18 2.16 2.12 2.10 2.042.03

Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Yearbook of Australia 1996. Canberra, 1996; China Population Information and Research Centre. China Population Today: Special Issue for the World Summit for Social Development, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1995; Coale, Ansley J. and Chen Sheng Li. Basic data on fertility in the provinces of China, 1940-82. Papers of the East-West Population Institute, No. 104, 1987; Council of Europe. Recent Demographic Developments in Europe 1997. Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg, 1997; Statistics Canada. Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada 1995. Ottawa, 1995; Statistics New Zealand. Demographic Trends 1995, Wellington, 1995; US Bureau of the Census. Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995. Washington DC, 1995; United Nations. Demographic Yearbook 1981. New York, 1983; United Nations. Demographic Yearbook 1986. New York 1988; United Nations. Demographic Yearbook 1995. New York, 1997.