Goals agreed upon at the United Nations conferences for selected BSSA indicators
Percentage of population with access to health services
- All countries should seek to make primary health care, including reproductive health care, available universally by the end of the current decade (ICPD).
- Governments should promote full access to preventive and curative health care to improve the quality of life, especially by the vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, in particular women and children (WSSD).
- Governments should provide more accessible, available and affordable primary health-care services of high quality, including sexual and reproductive health care (FWCW).
- All countries should seek to provide universal access to a full range of safe and reliable family-planning methods (ICPD).
Underweight prevalence among preschool children
- By the year 2000, a reduction of severe and moderate malnutrition among children under five years of age by half of the 1990 level should be achieved (WSSD and FWCW).
Maternal mortality ratio
- Countries should strive to effect significant reductions in maternal mortality by 2015: a reduction in maternal mortality by one half of the 1990 levels by the year 2000 and a further one half by 2015 (ICPD, WSSD and FWCW).
Infant mortality rate
- By the year 2000, reduction of mortality rates of infants by one third of 1990 level should be attained. By 2015, an infant mortality rate below 35 per 1,000 births should be achieved (ICPD and WSSD).
Under-5 mortality rate
- Countries should strive to reduce their under-5 mortality rates by one third or to 70 per 1,000 live births, whichever is less, by the year 2000. By 2015, all countries should aim to achieve an under-5 mortality rate below 45 per 1,000 (ICPD and WSSD).
Life expectancy at birth
- By the year 2000, life expectancy of not less than 60 years should be achieved in every country (WSSD).
- Countries should aim to achieve by 2005 a life expectancy at birth greater than 70 years and by 2015 a life expectancy at birth greater than 75 years (ICPD).
School enrolment ratio
- All countries should strive to ensure the complete access to primary school or an equivalent level of education by both girls and boys as quickly as possible, and in any case before 2015. Countries that have achieved the goal of universal primary education are urged to extend education and training and facilitate access to and completion of education at secondary school and higher levels (ICPD, WSSD, FWCW).
- The gender gap in primary and secondary school education should be closed by 2005 (ICPD, WSSD and FWCW).
Adult illiteracy rate
- The adult illiteracy rate should be reduced to at least half its 1990 level, with an emphasis on female literacy (WSSD).
Percentage of population with access to safe water and to sanitation
- Access to safe drinking water in sufficient quantities and proper sanitation for all should be provided (ICPD, WSSD, FWCW and Habitat).
Floor area per person
- The availability of adequate shelter for all should be improved (WSSD and Habitat).
(Return to United Nations
Basic Social Services for All, 1997 Table of Contents)
United Nations publication, (ST/ESA/SER.A/160), Copyright (C) United Nations 1997