| A global commitment to eradicate
poverty and promote sustained economic growth and sustainable development was forged in the United Nations conferences
and summits of the 1990s, was advanced in 2000 with the adoption of the Millennium Declaration, and recently was
reinforced by Heads of State and Government in the outcome document of the 2005 World Summit. In the years leading
up to the global conferences held during the 1990s, there was growing recognition by scholars, policy makers and
the general public that population trends are inextricably linked with the availability of resources, the state of
the environment, and economic and social development. At the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
(UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD),
held in Cairo in 1994, and the series of conferences reviewing progress achieved since those meetings, a global
agreement emerged on the need for a sustainable relationship between human numbers, resources and development.
With a view to improving knowledge of relationships among aspects of population, resources, environment and development,
the Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Population Division has produced the PRED database, drawing on a variety of
national-level comparative data and documents. This publication provides a set of country profiles showing the current
situation and recent trends in population, resources, environment and development indicators, based on PRED Bank database,
version 4 (2005).
The compilation of the data shown in these country profiles was made possible
by the substantive support of various United Nations agencies and departments at the United Nations Secretariat.
In addition to population estimates and projections produced by the Population Division, the data series shown in
here include statistics provided by the Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs and by
FAO, ILO, UNEP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO, the World Bank, the World Resources Institute, the International Soil
Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC) and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre.