Secretary-General's Reports

In June 2001, the Secretary-General submitted his first report on the Prevention of Armed conflict (A/55/985,S/2001/574,A/55/985/Corr.1 and S/2001/574/Corr.1) both to the General Assembly and the Security Council for their consideration.

In September 2003, the Secretary General submitted its Interim report on the prevention of armed conflict (A/58/365 S/2003/888).

An Agenda for Peace (A/47/277 S/24111 dated 17 June 1992) and the "Supplement to an Agenda for Peace" (A/50/60 - S/1995/1 dated 3 January 1995)

The High-Level Panel Report on Threats, Challenges and Change presented in November 2004 and submitted to the Secretary General in December 2004examined the major threats and challenges the world faces in the broad field of peace and security, including economic and social issues insofar as they relate to peace and security, and made recommendations for the elements of a collective response.

The 2004 Assessment of the Ad Hoc Advisory Groups of the Economic and Social Council on African Countries Emerging from Conflict; Report by the Secretary General (E/2004/86)

In August 2000 the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations elaborated under the chairmanship of Lakhdar Brahimi the Report on United Nations Peace Operations (A/55/305 - S/2000/809). The Brahimi Report offered a clear evaluation of the shortcomings of the conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts and formulated strategies for the future.

 

General Assembly and Security Council Resolutions

In July 2003, the General Assembly adopted by consensus its resolution 57/337 on prevention of armed conflict.

Earlier, in August 2001, the Security Council adopted a comprehensive resolution (S/RES/1366 (2001)) on the Prevention of armed conflict in response to the 2001 Secretary-General's report on the Prevention of armed conflict (A/55/985-S/2001/574, A/55/985/Corr.1-S/2001/574/Corr.1 ).

General Assembly resolutions

 

Papers

Conceptual and general analysis:

p>Multidimensionality of peace and development: a DESA perspective, by José Antonio Ocampo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York

Economic Causes of Civil conflict and their implications for Policy , by Paul Collier, World Bank 2000

An inventory of Post Conflict Peace Building Activities by the United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis

ST/ESA/2001/DP.20 Preventing Civil Strife: an Important Role for Economic Policy
by Henk-Jan Brinkman, economist in the Development Policy Analysis Division at the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

Peacebuilding as The Link between Security and Development: is the Window of Opportunity Closing?, International Peace Academy Studies in Security and Development

Development and Security , by Frances Stewart from the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human security and Ethnicity (CRISE), University of Oxford

Policies and Strategies:

Youth Unemployment and Regional Insecurity in West Africa, United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) December 2005

Post-Conflict Peacebuilding Revisited: Achievements, Limitations, Challenges, International Peace Academy Studies in Security and Development (October 2004)

Strengthening the Security-Development Nexus: Assessing International Policy and Practice since the 1990s, International Peace Academy Studies in Security and Development (April 2004)

Beyond Greed and Grievance: Policy Lessons from Studies in the Political Economy of Armed Conflict , Karen Ballentine and Heiko Nitzschke, International Peace Academy Studies in Security and Development (October 2003)

Program on Economic Agendas in Civil Wars: Principal Research Findings and Policy Recommendations International Peace Academy , Karen Ballentine, International Peace Academy Studies in Security and Development (April 2004)

Actors in Post Conflict Peace Building :

Peace Building and Gender Policies:

The 2004 Report of the Secretary-General ( S/2004/814 ) on women and peace and security offers a gender sensitive approach to peace-building measures.

Gender Equality and Civil Wars , Mary Caprioli, CPR Unit of the World Bank (September 2003)

Children and armed conflict:

The Report of 9 th Feb 2005 by the Secretary General ( A/59/695-S/2005/72 ) to the Security Council on children and armed conflict

Institutions in Peacebuilding Processes :

War Economies in a Regional Context : Overcoming the Challenges of Transformation, International Peace Academy Policy Report (March 2004)

Sharing Best Practices on Conflict Prevention : The UN, Regional and Subregional Organizations, National and Local Actors, International Peace Academy Policy Report (2003)

Building Institutions in Post-Conflict African Economies, by Janine Aron (December 2002)

 

DESA Expert Group Meeting on Conflict Prevention, Peacebuilding and Development - 15 November 2004

Opening remarks by Mr. José Antonio Ocampo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs

Socio-economic development policies and conflict prevention by Frances Stewart, Director of Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford

The Global Economy, Conflict Prevention, and Post-Conflict Recovery by Tony Addison, Deputy Director of World Institute for Development Economics Research

Natural resource governance and conflict prevention by Anke Hoeffler, Research Office of Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford

Natural Resources, Governance, Development and Conflict by Karen Ballentine, Senior Consultant at Fafo Institute

The Road to Peacebuilding by Susan Brown, Director of Peacebuilding Programs, Pearson Peacekeeping Centre

The Role of Civil Society in the Prevention of Armed Conflict by Paul van Tongeren, Executive Director of the European Centre for Conflict Prevention

Presentation of West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP) by Thelma Ekiyor, Program Director at West Africa Network for Peacebuilding

Issues Papers of the DESA Expert Group Meeting on Conflict Prevention, Peacebuilding and Development - 15 November 2004

Catalyzing Peace through Development
Natural resource governance and conflict prevention
Socio-economic and institutional challenges of post-conflict peace-building and development: a long term perspective
Partnerships and civil society: roles and capabilities in conflict prevention and peace-building
Institutional approaches and mechanisms

 

Externals resources

BBC News: Wars 'less frequent, less deadly'

The International Peace Academy is an independent, international institution dedicated to promoting the prevention and settlement of armed conflicts between and within states through policy research and development.

The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)is an intergovernmental organization with member states from all continents who has a mandate to support sustainable democracy worldwide.

World Bank: Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (Research site with a comprehensive study on civil wars and development policies by Paul Collier et. al.)

OECD: Helping Prevent Violent Conflict (Guidelines of the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD related to post-conflict peace building assistance)

The Conflict Prevention Project at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

The Copenhagen Consensus 2004 Project provides comprehensive studies with different assessment on the prevention of civil wars.

The University for Peace's mission is to provide humanity with an international institution of higher education for peace with the aim of promoting among all human beings a spirit of understanding, tolerance and peacefull coexistence, to stimulate cooperation among peoples, and to help lessen obstacles and threats to world peace and progress in keepeing with the noble aspirations proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations.

The World Institute for Development Economics Research's mandate is to undertake multidisciplinary research and policy analysis on structural changes affecting the living conditions of the world's poorest people, to provide a forum for professional interaction and the advocacy of policies leading to robust, equitable and environmentally sustainable growth and to promote capacity strengthening and training for scholars and government officials in the field of economic and social policy making.

The Human Security Centre's mission is to make human security-related research more accessible to the policy and research communities, the media, educators and the interested public.