Women and armed conflict is a critical area of concern contained in the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the outcome of the Twenty-third special session of the General Assembly. It was considered by Commission on the Status of Women at its 42nd session. Women and Peace was also the theme for the International Women's Day in 2000 and 2001. (link)
OSAGI also supported DDA in preparing briefing notes on gender and disarmament in 2001. It assisted DPKO, including the gender advisers in the field, as and when required. The Special Adviser played a key role in the appointment of a gender adviser at DPKO headquarters.
Much work is being carried out in the framework of the 48th session of Commission on the Status of Women (1 - 12 March 04), as one of the thematic issue is Women's equal participation in conflict prevention, management and resolution and in post-conflict peace-building. A SG report has been prepared and two Expert Group Meetings (on women participation in peace agreements and on electoral processes in post-conflict countries) have been organized in preparation for the session. Panel discussions are also organized during the session.
Following the adoption of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women peace and security, analytical work has been carried out on this topic. The Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues coordinated the preparation of a major SG's study in 2002(link) and strengthened coordination among UN system entities, Member States, primarily in conjunction with the Friends of 1325, NGOs and academic institutions.
The Special Adviser attends meetings of the Executive Committee on Peace and Security and participates, when invited, in the meetings of the informal group of Member States supporting the work on women, peace and security: "The Friends of 1325".
In 2002, OSAGI prepared the Secretary-General's study on Women, Peace and Security, and the Secretary-General's reports S/2002/1154 on the same subject and S/2004/814 dated 13 October 2004) on four years of implementation of SCR 1325. The Presidential Statement adopted at the Open Debate (S/PRST/2004/40) included several recommendations made in the report.
The Division for the Advancement of Women implements a technical cooperation project entitled Enhancing Women's Participation in Peace Processes (Development Account), under which several meetings and workshops are held, including a consultation meeting on enhancing women's participation in peace-building in Addis Ababa (April 2001) and training workshops on conflict management for women in Cape Town (October 2001), Conakry (focusing on countries of the Mano River region - October 2002) and Kigali (for countries of the Great Lake region - September 2003).
For the 48th session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in March 2004, OSAGI organized an expert group meeting in January 2004 in collaboration with DPA which analyzed obstacles, lessons learned and best practices on women's participation in electoral processes in post-conflict countries. Briefing notes were also prepared in collaboration with the DPA.
For the review of implementation of gender mainstreaming in the Coordination Segment of ECOSOC in July 2004, OSAGI prepared a Conference Room Paper entitled "Gender mainstreaming in the work of the United Nations on peace and security" (E/2004/CRP.3).
OSAGI chairs the Inter-agency Taskforce on Women, Peace and Security and provides advocacy and support to its work. The taskforce has inter allia analyzed the gender content of the Secretary-General's reports to the Security Council in 2000-2003, prepared briefing notes for Security Council missions and gender checklists for assessment missions. OSAGI also orchestrated the joint workshop of the Inter-agency Taskforce and OECD-DAC on 'gender and post-conflict reconstruction: lessons learned from Afghanistan' (Paris, July 2003).
OSAGI co-organized with DPKO a meeting held in Namibia in July 2000 on mainstreaming gender perspectives in multidimensional peace operations. OSAGI also played a crucial role in the creation of a full-time post of a gender adviser for DPKO at Headquarters and provided continued advocacy, backstopping and support to creating mission-based gender advisers.
In close cooperation with DDA, OSAGI worked on integrating the gender perspective in disarmament affairs by preparing briefing notes on weapons of mass destruction, peace and disarmament, small arms DDR, landmines and disarmament and development.
A/RES/S-23/3; Further actions and initiatives
Beijing Platform for Action
CSW Agreed Conclusions on Women and armed conflict adopted in ECOSOC resolution 1998/12. II Armed Conflict
CSW Agreed Conclusions on Women's equal participation in conflict prevention, management and resolution and in post-conflict peace-building adopted in ECOSOC resolution 2004/12.
Women, peace and security, Security Council resolution 1325 (2000).
Women, Peace and Security Presidential statements: S/PRST/2001/31, 31 October 2001
S/PRST/2002/32, 31 October 2002
S/PRST/2004/40, 28 October 2004
Commission on the Status of Women