The Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2003
Chapter III. Provision of Education and Health
The Survey has a detailed analytical chapter on the role of public expenditure in the provision of education and health. The public sector is still a major provider of education and health in countries of the region. The share of public expenditure going to education and health increased in majority of the countries over the past two decades. Given the large resources required for these key areas, the responsibility for funding cannot be of that of the public sector alone, rather multiple channels that involve civil society and the private sector have to be tapped. This will help in achieving the millennium development goals on education (i.e. universal primary education) and health (i.e. reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases). For enhancing the positive impact, more resources for education and health should be directed towards the rural and remote areas, poor people and women.