Development Account Projects
Integrating crime-, corruption-, drug- and terrorism-related issues into the preparation of national development plans and processes
Increasingly, issues under the mandate of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, namely crime, corruption, drugs and terrorism, are being recognized by the international community as major obstacles and threats to development, human security and good governance. These are inherently linked with the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals as was highlighted in the outcome document of the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals (New York, 20-22 September 2010). Moreover, the United Nations Millennium Declaration (see General Assembly resolution 55/2) makes direct reference to areas that need to be strengthened which fall under the mandate of the Office. The Declaration clearly stipulates the importance of peace, security and development, highlighting the need to: strengthen respect for the rule of law; take concerted action against international terrorism; make a commitment to counter the world drug problem; intensify efforts to fight transnational crime in all its dimensions; and take concerted action to end illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons. All these issues have an important impact, albeit indirect, on achieving the Millennium Development Goals and reducing poverty in the long term.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime has conducted various research studies and threat assessments related to the problems of drugs, crime and terrorism, and the way in which such problems affect security and development. It is due to this evidence-based research that the United Nations Policy Committee has decided to focus attention on this issue by requesting that a draft policy paper be drafted on transnational organized crime and drug trafficking as a threat to security and stability. The issues of crime and security have also reached high levels in various international forums. The Twelfth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, held in Salvador, Brazil, in April 2010 focused strongly on emphasizing the criminal justice system as a central pillar in the rule-of-law architecture and highlighting the pivotal role of criminal justice systems in development.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime places great importance on entering into a coalition with other United Nations entities that address internationally recognized public concerns, global public goods (e.g. human rights, environment and gender equality) and global public threats (e.g. crime, drugs and terrorism) in order to ensure a balanced United Nations approach to respecting national priorities on the one hand, and internationally agreed development goals and treaty obligations, on the other.
To ensure that the issues of crime, corruption, drugs and terrorism are integrated into the preparation of national development plans and processes
- Drug-, crime- and terrorism-related issues have been incorporated in selected United Nations common country assessment plans and United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks
- Joint United Nations Development Assistance Framework pilot programmes developed that focus specifically on crime, corruption, drugs and terrorism for joint fund-raising purposes
- A guidance tool for mainstreaming the UNODC mandate into United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks and development plans developed and disseminated