Development Account Projects
Strengthening Science, Technology and Innovation capacities for sustainable development
As the 2015 target year of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches global discussions at various levels increasingly focus on how a post-2015 development agenda could be configured, within the framework of the global priorities and responsibilities enunciated in the Millennium Declaration. At the same time, global changes since the adoption the Millennium Declaration present new challenges with regard to the mobilization of the resources involved and with regard to environmental sustainability. The UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio +20) outcome builds on internationally agreed efforts to promote sustainable development and supports the development of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that would integrate the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development. The development of a "green economy" represents an important tool in any strategy to achieve sustainable development and poverty reduction.
From the economic point of view the move towards a "green economy" is best understood as a process of sustainable structural change in the economy. The creation, adaptation and diffusion of technological knowledge and innovation are crucial drivers of such structural change in which dynamic, sustainable activities replace mature or obsolete patterns of production and consumption. The technological knowledge available to developing countries will largely determine their ability to generate dynamic, environmentally sustainable activities that at the same time strengthen their productive capacities. Sustainable development is thus both a complement to and a precondition for poverty eradication as it ensures that the gains achieved by present generations are not at the expense of future development opportunities.Science, technology and innovation (STI) play an absolutely crucial role in this process of socioeconomic transformation. They are essential to progress in meeting both the MDGs and the Rio+20 targets and priorities.
To strengthen the capacity of beneficiary developing countries at the policy-making and institutional levels, to harness science, technology and innovation for the achievement of sustainable development and their SDGs, through improved STI policies and strategies, and practical technology transfer capacities.
- Science, technology and innovation institutions in beneficiary developing countries equipped with the knowledge to develop, implement and assess science, technology and innovation policies and approaches in support of sustainable development at the national level
- The establishment or strengthening of innovation and knowledge sharing networks that promote sustainable development through programmes and mechanisms that take advantage of science, technology and innovation transfer to, and among, beneficiary developing countries