Development Account Projects
Supporting National Dialogues on the Post-2015 Development Agenda in the Context of the ECOSOC Annual Ministerial Review
The review by the United Nations General Assembly at its 65th session in 2011 of the implementation of GA resolution 61/16 confirmed that the Annual Ministerial Review (AMR) and National Voluntary Presentations (NVPs) are major achievements of ECOSOC (A/65/866). The AMR and NVPs have made it possible for the Council to review the status of implementation of the Millennium Development Goals at the national, regional and global levels and to support Member States’ alignment of national development strategies with the internationally-agreed development goals.
The MDGs, and their related targets, have provided a framework for NVP countries to assess progress on the UN development agenda. Since 2007, ECOSOC has conducted six AMRs on the MDGs related to poverty and hunger, sustainable development, global public health, gender equality and empowerment of women, education, and employment. Forty-nine (49) countries, mostly developing countries, have made National Voluntary Presentations to date, with several others indicating interest to do so in the future.
With less than three years remaining until the 2015 MDG target date, the world community is preparing for a post-2015 development agenda that builds on the successess and lessons of the MDGs as well as responds to new and complex development challenges. ECOSOC will have an important role to play in shaping and monitoring the post-2015 development framework. During the Annual Ministerial Review 2012 - 2015 cycle, ECOSOC will support inter-governmental discussions on development progress and will be instrumental in the formulation of the post-2015 framework. The National Voluntary Presentations at the AMR will be a valuable opportunity for Member States to distill lessons and share their national experiences with respect to the MDGs, as well as examine their emerging development challenges and priorities for a post-2015 development agenda.
ECOSOC will undertake a review of MDG progress in 2015. While the post-2015 framework still remains to be defined, it should build on lessons from the MDGs. For example, despite significant progress in meeting the MDGs in many developing countries, inequality has increased in many regions and economic growth has often not benefitted the poorest and most vulnerable. The framework will also need to consider ways of addressing emerging development challenges, including the need articulated in the recent United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) to achieve higher levels of sustainable development, address environmental degradation and climate change, increase access to clean and affordable energy and ensure food and nutrition security.
In the period ahead, countries would need to strive for achieving sustained, inclusive, and equitable growth as part of their sustainable development objectives and overall national development strategies. To achieve these aims, coherent and effective national development policies will need to be identified, formulated and implemented. Inclusive social policies and programmes, for example, will remain critical to addressing inequality and serving the poor and marginalized. Sustainable development policies will have to ensure a balancing of economic growth, environmental management, and social progress.
The recent global economic and financial crisis that threatened development progress around the world also highlighted the role of countercyclical development-oriented macroeconomic policies to minimize the impact of external shocks on welfare and well-being. In addition, good governance and the strengthening of national and local institutions will be needed to promote greater transparency and accountability as necessary for inclusive growth and development.
To support developing countries in building capacity to assess development progress, including in their National Voluntary Presentations at the Annual Ministerial Review of ECOSOC, to identify new and emerging national challenges and priorities in a post-2015 UN development framework, and to help them formulate follow-up policies and strategies.
- Improved assessment by selected Member States of development progress, as well as identification of new and emerging development challenges and priorities for a post-2015 UN development agenda, including by elaborating an NVP analytical framework and feedback mechanism for endorsement by ECOSOC
- Improved implementation of ECOSOC policy recommendations into national development strategies and policies by NVP developing countries.