Development Account Projects
Institutional and capacity building for Arab Parliaments and other stakeholders for the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security
The project focuses on the “security component”, as defined in Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security. The resolution calls for (a) protection of the rights of women and girls in conflict settings, (b) inclusion of gender training in peacekeeping operations, (c) inclusion of women in peacebuilding, conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction processes and (d) increasing the participation of women at all decision-making levels and in peace processes.
To fulfil their obligations under Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), Member States were requested to draft action plans to facilitate the implementation of the resolution in their respective countries and to report periodically to the United Nations on progress achieved in implementation. To date only 19 Member States have drafted and adopted national action plans for the implementation of the resolution.
In this context the ESCWA Centre for Women has been providing periodic capacity-building activities to Member States to assist them in drafting their action plans. Unfortunately, efforts to assist Member States and national women’s ministries to draft action plans will not bear fruit without the support of legislative authorities. Parliaments need to be involved in this process since the formulation of action plans by the Governments necessitates, in parallel, the amendment of specific discriminative legislation to protect women during times of conflict, the enactment of new laws to activate the action plan, such as affirmative action laws to increase women’s participation in decision-making positions/peace processes, and endorsement of the financial implications that the Governments have to bear once the action plan is adopted nationally.
Based on the foregoing, the role of members of parliament, which is not limited to legislating but also involves monitoring and oversight, is crucial for the effective and full implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000). Therefore, the project aims at building the capacity of parliaments in this area in Algeria, Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, the Sudan, Yemen and Palestine.
ESCWA, ECA and the Inter-Parliamentary Union will mobilize national parliaments to facilitate the organization of future workshops on Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), following the end of the project, to ensure that the trainees, members of parliament and parliament administrators can share the acquired knowledge with other legislators and parliament administrators, thereby producing the desired multiplier effect. Based on its mandate, follow-up action and expert advice will be provided by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, as needed. The project is a natural extension of ESCWA work on the formulation of national action plans for Security Council resolution 1325 (2000). It will be implemented in parallel to support those efforts in the legislative bodies.
To strengthen the capacity of Arab parliaments to implement Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security
- Increase in the number of draft laws in national parliaments supporting the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000)
- A vibrant and sustainable regional knowledge network on lessons in Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) among members of parliament