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Development Account Projects

Improving criminal justice responses to trafficking in persons in South-Eastern Europe with special focus on Moldova

Background:

The regular monitoring of the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its related protocols indicate that the criminal justice systems in South-Eastern Europe are still inadequate to provide effective responses to human trafficking despite the existence of relevant national legislation, action plans and respective structures in place. Among the countries of South-Eastern Europe, Moldova was identified as a major source country, primarily for the trafficking of women for sexual exploitation.

This project is therefore, designed to improve the criminal justice responses of Moldova to trafficking in persons through increased operational capacity to investigate and disrupt human trafficking activities. The project is aimed at enhancing regional cooperation among justice and home affairs institutions of Moldova and the identified countries in the region through intensive international knowledge transfer, institutional strengthening and capacity-building measures.

The project builds upon lessons learned and expertise developed as a result of the well-established field presence of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in the region. It will be implemented under the overall supervision of the Regional Project Office for South-Eastern Europe, in Sofia, and the substantive units of UNODC headquarters. The project will be executed by the UNODC field office in Moldova in partnership with the relevant institutions in Moldova, and in cooperation with identified UNODC field offices. In order to create synergies and maximize costeffective impact, the project will build upon all ongoing UNODC projects on human trafficking in the region. More specifically, the project will take advantage of the network of national focal points already set up within the project "Strengthening Criminal Justice Responses to the Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings and Human Smuggling in the Western Balkans" and will integrate Moldova in the network. Further, the project will make use of all training materials already developed by UNODC, such as training manual and toolkits.

Objective:

To strengthen criminal justice responses to trafficking in persons in Moldova through national capacity-building and enhancement of regional cooperation among justice and home affairs institutions of Moldova and target countries in the South-Eastern Europe region.

Expected accomplishments:

  • Enhanced knowledge of the existing national responses in addressing trafficking in human beings by national institutions in Moldova — gaps and needs identified
  • Enhanced knowledge and improved capacity of the relevant law enforcement and criminal justice practitioners to adequately address cases of trafficking in persons
  • Improved regional cooperation among national governmental institutions and their operational teams dealing with human trafficking in Moldova and other countries of the region

Implementation status:

In progress