Development Account Projects
Enhancing capacities to eradicate violence against women through networking of local knowledge communities
The Secretary General’s report on the in-depth study of all forms of violence against women (A/61/122/Add.1 and Add.1/Corr.1. ) and the inter-institutional report No more! The right of women to live a life free of violence in Latin America and the Caribbean, published respectively in 2006 and 2007, made clear that the eradication of violence against women must unequivocally become a central objective of public agendas first as a human rights issue, and second as an obstacle to development, Indeed, violence against women also represents a main obstacle for achieving social equity and the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and all of humanity would benefit from putting end to gender violence. Advances must be made toward public policies which underline the States’ duty of diligence to protect women from violence. The political will must be accompanied with sufficient human, technical and financial resources to articulate and deepen existing efforts for prevention, attention and sanction alike.
This project addresses the need to strengthen the capacity of the countries to regularly and appropriately measure violence against women. The project is in line with the recommendations of the Expert Group Meeting on Indicators to measure violence against women, held in Geneva, from 8 to 10 October 2007.
To strengthen national and regional capacity to act on the prevention, sanction and eradication of violence against women through the use of enhanced statistical data and indicators of violence against women and increased knowledge-sharing at the regional and interregional levels.
Increased number of national machineries for the advancement of women and other stakeholders that have substantially improved their knowledge and capacities to implement effective policies towards the eradication of violence against women.
Improved skills and tools to manage violence against women in all regions integrated in their practices by national machineries, police, judiciary and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including formulation of plans and programmes and data collection.
National statistical offices will have improved their capacity to measure violence against women through the use of common methodologies and indicators developed by statisticians, policymakers and NGOs in the framework of official statistics, including the use of a common short module to measure violence against women in population-based surveys.
A growing number of countries are adopting the methodology provided through the project: a total of 32 countries have been involved either in the preparation, testing or training of interviewers of the proposed questionnaire.
The methodology of the module was revised in December 2009 and support was given to the initiation of the pilot applications in the five regions. In its Decision 2 "Programme review: gender statistics (Item 3b)", the Commission "Noted with appreciation the work of the Friends of the Chair of the United Nations Statistical Commission, led by Mexico, on Indicators on Violence against Women", taking into account that in its report to the Stastistical Commission the Friends of the Chair on Indicators on Violence against Women presented the complete set of indicators that is to be recollected by the survey module, including indicators on psychological and economic violence and female genital mutilation that were not included in the first set that was recommended by the Statistical Commission at is 40th session in February 2009.
Networks of collaboration are being established at national level in the five regions between users (gender authorities) and producers of information (national statistical offices (NSOs), institutions that maintain administrative registries). In the Caribbean and some countries of Latin America, such as Paraguay, representatives of the Judicial Power are also integrating these inter-institutional networks to organize a central registry of violence against women and organize the measurement of the indicators presented at the subregional meetings.
At ESCWA, the Regional Commissions’ ToT meeting and Adaptation Workshop for Arab countries provided a forum to further enhance the generic ECE module. Moreover, a consensus was reached among the participating countries on a generic Arabic module, with an additional module designed especially for Lebanon (cultural differences with other countries in the region). The advocacy generated interest in other countries and an additional country, Jordan, expressed interest to use the Arabic tools and execute an independent survey on VAW during the first half of 2011.
A 3rd Inter-agency Expert Group and Experts Meeting on Gender Statistics in the Arab Region will be held in the first half of 2011 and will include a dedicated session on VAW. The meeting is to be attended by experts on gender statistics and policies from national statistical offices, women machineries, UN agencies and other users to be briefed on the common tools developed during the process of this project and lessons learned. ESCWA is also encouraging countries to disseminate their VAW data in their women and men publications or through specialized studies on VAW. ESCWA, in collaboration with Iraq has published the first national publication on women and men and included a chapter on VAW. Similarly, ESCWA publication Gender in Figures will include information from the region on VAW.