Development Account Projects
Design and implementation of national cleaner technology strategies
The development and transfer of more productive and cleaner technologies is essential for achieving economic growth and industrialization without environmental degradation. Cleaner technologies, including hardware, management systems and operational procedures, can contribute to both economic growth and environmental protection by increasing productivity, reducing waste and pollution and conserving natural resources.
Enterprises will invest in cleaner technologies if they provide a good return on investment and if they have access to those technologies. The incentives for such investments depend on government policies and programmes, including economic investment incentives, support for research and development, environmental policies and availability of financial and technical assistance. The project provides tools and capacities for Governments to make more effective use of their limited resources for supporting the development, transfer and investment in cleaner technologies while focusing and coordinating their efforts on high potential growth sectors and technologies.
To strengthen the capacity of the Governments of Argentina, Nicaragua, the United Republic of Tanzania and Viet Nam, on a pilot basis, to promote investment in more efficient and sustainable technologies through improved policies and public-private partnerships for promoting the development, dissemination and transfer of cleaner technologies
- Development of policies and strategies for sustainable industrial development through the transfer and development of cleaner and more productive technologies and environmental management in accordance with the national priorities and capacities of each country
- Development of tools for improved decision-making through the integration of economic, social and environmental concerns and improved coordination and cooperation among government agencies, industry and research institutions in the design and implementation of industrial modernization strategies and policies
- Development of business plans, in cooperation with government and industry, for the transfer of cleaner technologies, as well as recommendations for future action identified in the national cleaner technology strategies developed as part of the project
Effects and Impact:
The projects in Argentina, Nicaragua and Vietnam have exceeded expectations in terms of both the project reports and the sustainability and relevance of the projects in the countries. In all 3 countries the project will develop extensive follow-up activities. To date the project has achieved the following results:
- Argentina: resulted in the official adoption by the Government of the strategy developed under the project and the creation of an Office to follow-up implementation of this strategy across government entities and which reports directly to the Secretary of Environment and Sustainable Development.
- Nicaragua: the strategy developed through the project is being integrated into the National Industrial Development Plan which is being discussed by the National Assembly.
- Vietnam: by request of the Vietnam project working group, a set of training materials for provincial governments is being developed to foster the use of the methodologies and implementation of the actions identified through the project . These training materials will be shared with the rest of the project countries. The methodologies and tools designed by UNDESA for these planning processes have proven to be useful. These methodologies have proven to be technically sound while remaining flexible enough to accommodate conditions pertinent to each country. A number of other countries have expressed interest in replicating these projects.