|DESA News Vol. 12, No. 11||November 2008|
This set of national development strategy notes, developed by DESA in cooperation with UNDP, has just been released as a print publication. The notes offer practical guidance on employment-generating macroeconomic policy, inclusive finance for development; public enterprise reform and alternatives to privatization, pro-poor trade policies, investment and industrial technology policies, and social policies. They focus on policy options not adequately addressed by other sourcebooks and guidelines, and were reviewed by Nobel laureate, Joseph Stiglitz and other distinguished development experts. The notes are also available as individual articles online in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
For more information: http://esa.un.org/techcoop/policyNotes.asp
As in the past, the 2006 edition of the Demographic Yearbook provides statistics on population size and composition, fertility, mortality, infant and foetal mortality, marriages and divorces, the primary sources of which are national population and housing censuses, population-related statistics from national administrative recording systems and population and household surveys reported by national statistical authorities. This issue also includes data on deaths and death rates by cause of death by sex for the first time, in addition to data on marriages cross-tabulated by age of groom and age of bride – data not published in the Yearbook since 1990.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/
The 2005 edition of the Demographic Yearbook has now been released in print. It provides statistics on population size and composition, fertility, mortality, infant and foetal mortality, marriages and divorces. It also includes technical notes and footnotes explaining availability, timeliness, quality, reliability and coverage of the data presented. The primary data sources are national population and housing censuses, population-related statistics from national administrative recording systems and population and household surveys reported by national statistical authorities.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/
Urban and Rural Population by Age and Sex, 1950-2005, is a CD-Rom with the Population Division’s new estimates of population by age and sex in both urban and rural areas, including information for the major areas, regions, and countries of the world. The new estimates address the need for more detailed and systematic data on urban and rural populations and should be of value for research and policy analysis of the spatial distribution of the population and of patterns of urbanization and their relationships with development. Estimates were produced for all of the 175 countries having more than 300,000 inhabitants in 2005. The estimates are reported every five years for the period 1950-2005, by sex and by five-year age groups.
Evidence on calorie intake and nutritional outcomes establishes that chronic hunger and food insecurity persist today on a mass scale in India. The liberalization-induced policy of narrow targeting of the Public Distribution System, a programme of food security that provides a minimum quantity of cereals at subsidized prices, has resulted in worsening food insecurity. Recent evidence from the 61st round of the national sample survey in 2004-2005 establishes that targeting has led to high rates of exclusion of needy households from the system and clear deterioration of coverage in states like Kerala where the universal PDS was most effective.
To download: http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2008/wp70_2008.pdf
Despite numerous international commitments to promote transfer of climate-change related technologies to developing countries, such transfers are not occurring at a sufficient rate to aid these nations in mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change. The impact of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights on transfer of these technologies is discussed through a detailed examination of relevant TRIPS provisions. The paper also addresses options for improving technology transfer through exploitation of existing TRIPS flexibilities, modification of the agreement, and other public and private legal and policy avenues.
To download: http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2008/wp71_2008.pdf
The latest title in the Sustainable Development Innovation Briefs series, on using non-renewable resource revenues for sustainable local development, was released in October. The briefs provide insights into the most recent policy-relevant research on emerging challenges to sustainable development, with particular attention to their relevance to developing countries. The purpose of the series is to inform policy-makers of the latest trends and advances on topics in the field of sustainable development, with the objective of broadening the knowledge base of policy decision-makers in responding to those challenges.
For more information: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/publications/innovationbriefs/
With the attention of the international community focused on the mounting global financial crisis, there is the danger that the food crisis that emerged in 2008 is being sidelined. Yet, that crisis continues to pose a global humanitarian and development challenge even as food prices begin to fall back.1 Between 109 and 126 million people may have fallen below the $1 per day poverty line since 2006 due to the increase in food prices. The vulnerable populations in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are affected most. Other things being equal, the incidence of extreme poverty in SSA may have risen by almost 8 percentage points, implying that the recent food price increases have more than offset the poverty reduction achieved before the crisis, between 1990 and 2004.
Since the early 1970s, civil wars have resulted in many more deaths than wars between countries. The number of such conflicts peaked in the early 1990s but continued to be high for the remainder of the decade. An estimated 5.5 million people were killed in 35 civil wars during the 1990s, making it the deadliest decade since the 1940s.
This wall chart presents urban and rural population by age and sex for 1950-2005 based on the Population Division’s latest estimates, including information for the major areas, regions, and countries of the world. The estimates address the need for more detailed and systematic data on urban and rural populations and should be of value for research and policy analysis of the spatial distribution of the population and of patterns of urbanization and their relationships with development. Estimates were produced for all of the 175 countries having more than 300,000 inhabitants in 2005.
To order: http://unp.un.org/details.aspx?pid=17835
This wall chart presents data on urban agglomerations from 1975-2025 based on data from the 2007 revision of World Urbanization Prospects, including population, rank, average annual rate of change. Worldwide the population living in urban areas is projected to gain 3.1 billion, moving from 3.3 billion urban residents in 2007 to 6.4 billion in 2050 so that by mid-century the world urban population will likely be the same size at the world’s total population in 2004. Large cities – whose populations range from 5 million to just under 10 million – numbered 30 in 2007, and are expected to number 48 in 2050. Three quarters of these mega-cities in waiting are located in developing countries.
To order: http://unp.un.org/details.aspx?pid=17834
In the spirit of entering the Web 2.0 age and improving communications and collaboration within the public sector community, DESA’s Division for Public Administration and Development Management is establishing presence on different professional/social networking platforms. UNPAN members are invited to join the UNPAN Facebook network to connect to other e-government and ICT professionals and to follow the activities of UNPAN. The goals of these network are to help UNPAN members reach other members through matching professional profiles and interests, search for various opportunities through referrals from other members, view rich professional profiles from fellow members and recommend other interested people to join the group, address questions and provide answers to initiate interactive communication on various public administration topics.
The Division for Public Administration and Development Management has added four new online training courses to UNPAN – on decentralized governance, e-government interoperability, knowledge management in government organization, and results-based monitoring and evaluation for MDG implementation. The courses were prepared by UNPAN partners in collaboration with DESA.
For more information and to register: http://www.unpan.org/ELearning/OnlineTrainingCentre/tabid/88/Default.aspx