|DESA News Vol. 12, No. 08||August 2008|
While the international community has made a commitment to achieving full employment, this goal seems ever more distant in view of recent trends such as growing unemployment, underemployment and the phenomenon of “jobless growth”. This book also breaks new ground in seeking fresh solutions. Employment creation is the key link in ensuring that economic growth contributes to poverty reduction, with management of technological change playing a crucial role. While the recent trend towards greater labour flexibility seems irresistible, recent experience suggests some options for also ensuring decent work and economic security. Alternative macroeconomic policy priorities can also make a difference. New approaches to social security, the informal economy, the welfare state and rural employment in Africa are explored.
In recent years, most developing countries have grown faster than the developed economies. This volume of analytical studies seeks to explain major differences in economic performance in recent decades by considering the dynamics of international economic growth, diverging growth rate, economic structures, and sources of demand, successes and collapses in the developing world, recent episodes of real income stagnation of countries. Several chapters critically review latest misleading claims and the conventional wisdom regarding the relationship of trade liberalization, financial development, development, aid, infrastructure spending, violent conflict, good governance, and industrial policy to economic growth.
The 2005 edition of Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles presents internationally comparable energy balances for 111 developing countries and electricity profiles for 182 developing and developed countries. The energy balances show energy production, trade, conversion and consumption for each group of fuels used in the countries. The electricity profiles provide detailed information on the production, trade, and consumption of electricity, net installed capacity and thermal power plant input. Publication symbol ST/ESA/STAT/SER.W/14; sales number E/F.08.XVII.6.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment_main.htm
The 2005 edition of Energy Statistics Yearbook is the forty-ninth issue in a series of annual compilations of energy statistics summarizing world energy trends. Annual data for 215 countries and areas are presented for the period from 2002 to 2005 on the production, trade and consumption of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels and electricity. Per capita consumption series are provided for all energy products. The selection of graphs presented shows historic trends and/or changes in the composition of the production and/or consumption of major energy products. The Yearbook contains thirty-eight tables, including international trade of coal, crude petroleum and natural gas by partner countries, renewables and wastes, refinery distillation capacity and throughput, energy reserves and resources, and more. Publication symbol ST/ESA/STAT/SER.J/49; sales number E/F.08.XVII.4.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/pubs/gesgrid.asp?id=387
The Monthly Bulletin of Statistics presents current economic and social statistics for more than 200 countries and territories of the world. It contains over 50 tables of monthly and/or annual and quarterly data on a variety of subjects illustrating important economic trends and developments, including population, prices, employment and earnings, energy, manufacturing, transport, construction, international merchandise trade and finance.
In this issue: Indices of world industrial production by branches of industry and by region, producer price indices, earnings in manufacturing, by sex, construction of new buildings, total exports and imports by region. Publication symbol ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Q/425.
In this issue: Retail price indices relating to living expenditures of United Nations officials, fuel imports of developed economies, registration of new motor vehicles, external trade conversion factors, manufactured goods exports, selected series of world statistics. Publication symbol ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Q/426.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mbs /
A number of new online training courses are now available on UNPAN, the UN online network on public administration coordinated by DESA’s Division for Public Administration and Development Management. For the first time, the UNPAN online training centre is offering a course on public property management, in Russian. The network’s popular courses on the tactical and strategic aspects of e-Government are now also available in Russian, along with a course on professional ethics in public service in Africa, offered in French.
Additional courses on decentralized governance, e-Government interoperability, knowledge management in government organization, and results-based monitoring and evaluation for MDG implementation are expected soon.
For more information: http://www.unpan.org/ELearning/OnlineTrainingCentre/tabid/88/default.aspx
The DESA Division for Sustainable Development recently launched a new website dedicated to the Marrakech Process, a global initiative to support the elaboration of a ten-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production. The process aims to assist countries in their efforts to green their economies, help corporations develop greener business models, and encourage consumers to adopt more sustainable lifestyles.
For more information: http://esa.un.org/marrakechprocess/