|DESA News Vol. 11, No. 10||October 2007|
The 2004 edition of the Demographic Yearbook includes statistics on population size and composition, fertility, mortality, infant and foetal mortality, marriages and divorces. It also includes a detailed set of technical notes explaining the origin, availability, timeliness, quality, reliability and coverage of the data presented. The primary sources of data reported are national population and housing censuses, population-related statistics from national administrative recording systems, and population and household surveys reported by national statistical authorities. The 2004 Yearbook presents updated data on deaths and death rates by cause of death, which was last published in the 2002 issue, as well as a summary table of the availability of sex-disaggregated data by country and area. Publication symbol ST/ESA/STAT/SER.R/35. Sales number E/F.07.XIII.1.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
This title contains detailed national accounts statistics in national currencies of 178 countries or areas from 1994 to 2005. The National Accounts tables are a valuable source of information on the economies of the world, covering aggregates such as gross domestic product, national income, saving, household and government consumption expenditure including detailed consumption classes of products, gross capital formation, exports and imports, value added by economic activities and relations among product, income, final consumption, saving, gross capital formation and net lending. In addition, the compilation contains detailed data by sector drawn from production, generation of income, allocation of primary income, secondary distribution of income, use of disposable income, capital, and financial accounts, where available.
Statistics for each country or area are presented in separate chapters with uniform table headings and classifications as recommended in the United Nations System of National Accounts. A summary of the SNA conceptual framework, classifications and definitions is included. Publication symbol ST/ESA/STAT/SER.X/36. Sales number E.06.XVII.11.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/nationalaccount/nasp4.htm
MBS provides monthly statistics on more than 50 indicators from over 200 countries and areas, together with special tables illustrating important economic developments. Quarterly data for significant world and regional aggregates are included regularly.
Vol. LXI, no. 8, August 2007, ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Q/416
Special features in this issue: Indices of world industrial production by branches of industry and by regions; producer price indices; earnings in manufacturing, by sex; construction of new buildings; total exports and imports by regions including volume and unit value indices and terms of trade.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mbs
These are challenging times for governments around the world. Since the middle of the twentieth century, and particularly since the beginning of the new millennium, governments have been under growing pressure to respond to the evolving demands of citizens and to function within an increasingly complex global environment. Governments must address domestic priorities such as poverty, unemployment, educational deficits, and environmental degradation while simultaneously introducing whatever changes are necessary to ensure effective integration into the world economy. Prepared by DPADM, this paper highlights governance challenges that countries from the southern and western Mediterranean have had to face in recent years, and suggests priorities for public administration reform at the regional and sub-regional levels.
What is the impact of democracy on corruption? In most models, analysts assume a negative relationship with more democracy leading to less corruption. But recent theoretical developments, case evidence, and a panel data set covering a large number of countries from 1996 to 2003 suggest an inverted “U” relationship between corruption and democracy. According to the author, the turning point in corruption occurs rather early in the life of new democracies and at rather low per capita incomes.
To download: http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2007/wp55_2007.pdf
The second and third titles in DESA’s series of economic policy notes draw on major findings of the recent World Economic and Social Survey 2007 to highlight the rising costs of health care, and the challenges of income security associated with an ageing population. Increases in health costs due to ageing should be manageable, according to brief number 2, if governments put greater emphasis on preventive measures which could limit the incidence of chronic diseases. Brief number 3 explains that the surest way to address income security is to have a universal social pension that provides a floor below which nobody could fall. Universal pensions can also provide the basis for a more comprehensive pension system consisting of a mixture of public and private initiatives adapted to existing country practices, financial circumstances and equity considerations.
For more information: http://www.un.org/esa/policy/policybriefs
The International Children’s Art Competition was organized by DESA in collaboration with the Department of Public Information and the UN Postal Administration to commemorate the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty on 17 October. Children around the world were asked to design a United Nations stamp on the theme “We can end poverty.” Over 12,000 entries were received from 124 countries. From 8 to 19 October, the fifty best designs will be displayed in the Visitors’ Lobby of UN Headquarters in New York. The six winning designs will be issued as UN stamps in 2008.
For more information: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/social/art/
DESA has launched a new website that covers the issue of climate change from the perspective of sustainable development. Climate change is not just an environmental issue. It also has serious economic and social implications that may compromise the broader UN development agenda. Adaptation and mitigation efforts are vital, while integration of climate change into national sustainable development strategies, and creation of partnerships for action are also important goals.
For more information: http://www.un.org/esa/dsea/climatechange/