|DESA News Vol. 11, No. 1||January 2007|
After a solid and broad-based growth for three consecutive years, the world economy is expected to decelerate in 2007 mainly dragged by a slowdown of the United States, according to the UN’s annual forecast of global economic trends, which is due out in January. Growth in Europe and Japan meanwhile will not be sufficient for these economies to act as locomotives of global growth.
The outlook remains mostly positive for developing countries, but a degree of moderation is also expected. Sustained high growth in China, India and a few other major emerging economies seems to have engendered synergy among developing countries so that growth in this group is more endogenous. However, a large number of developing countries remain highly vulnerable to the vicissitudes of commodity prices, and the volatility of international financial markets.
The report highlights the need for greater employment growth which has not kept pace with output growth. In developing countries, high unemployment remains entrenched despite significant increases in GDP. Job creation is a key policy challenge since employment growth is central to poverty eradication efforts.
The global economic outlook also encompasses a number of important downside risks. Of major concern is the prospect of housing bubbles bursts in a number of countries, as well as uncertainties in oil price movements, and the mounting risk of a disorderly unwinding of global imbalances. The report calls for international macroeconomic policy coordination to facilitate an orderly adjustment of global imbalances, and points to systemic reforms of the international monetary system as the way forward in the long-run.
The World Economic Situation and Prospects is a joint product of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and the five regional commissions.
For more information: http://www.un.org/esa/policy/wess/wesp.html
This title is a compilation of statements, issues papers and summaries of high-level roundtable dialogues that took place during the substantive session of the Economic and Social Council in July 2006. The theme of the dialogue was the creation of an environment at the national and international levels conducive to generating full and productive employment and decent work for all, and its impact on sustainable development. The publication is intended as a resource for policy-makers and scholars, while also explaining to a public audience the place of employment within the broader global development agenda.
For more information: https://unp.un.org/details.aspx?entry=E06234
MBS provides monthly statistics on 50 subjects from over 200 countries and areas, together with special tables illustrating important economic developments. Quarterly data for significant world and regional aggregates are included.
Vol. LX, no. 10, Oct. 2006, ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Q/406
Special features in this issue: World shipbuilding; civil aviation traffic: passenger-km, cargo net ton-km; total exports and imports by countries or areas: volume, unit value, terms of trade and purchasing power of exports, in United States dollars.
Vol. LX, no. 11, Nov. 2006, ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Q/407
Special features in this issue: Indices of world industrial production, by branches of industry and by regions; producer price indices; earnings in manufacturing, by sex; construction of new buildings; total exports and imports by regions: volume, unit value indices and terms of trade; world exports by commodity classes and by regions.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mbs/
ST/ESA/STAT/SER.G/53, sales no. E/F.06.XVII.4
The fifty-second edition of the International Trade Statistics Yearbook provides the basic information for individual countries external trade performances in terms of value as well as in volume and price, the importance of trading partners and the significance of individual commodities imported and exported. Volume I contains detailed data for 182 countries or areas. Volume II contains commodity tables showing the total trade of certain commodities analyzed by regions and countries. This is a bilingual publication, in English and French.
For more information:http://unstats.un.org/unsd/pubs/gesgrid.asp?id=361
ST/ESA/STAT/SER.R/34, sales no. E/F.06.XIII.1 H
The 2003 edition of the annual Demographic Yearbook provides statistics on population size and composition, fertility, mortality, infant and fetal mortality, marriages and divorces, along with a detailed set of technical notes explaining the sources, availability, timeliness, quality, reliability and coverage of the data presented.
This issue presents data on deaths by marital status, age and sex, which were last published in 1996. A summary table shows the availability of national demographic data from countries and areas by sex. The primary sources of the data reported in the Yearbook are national population and housing censuses, population-related statistics from national administrative recording systems and population and household surveys reported by national statistical authorities.
The 2004 edition of the Demographic Yearbook is also available, in electronic format only.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dybpub2003.htm
The Statistics Division has received the prestigious UN21 award in the category of knowledge management for COMTRADE, a comprehensive online trade commodity database with more than a billion trade data series. COMTRADE is the repository of the most authoritative global commodity trade statistics from over 150 countries classified by commodity and partner countries. The trade series covers 40 years of data and more than 5000 different products. This comprehensive collection of online statistics features a user-friendly interface with various options for data mining, exploration and visualization.
The database is updated daily and receives more than 200,000 page views each month. It has become a model for other international organizations such as OECD and FAO for the production of specialized commodity trade data.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/un21_award/UN21_comtrade.htm
The Division for the Advancement of Women has launched a new technical cooperation section on its website that highlights its advisory services and technical assistance on gender issues to developing countries. DAW provides such assistance, upon request by Governments, to strengthen national capacity for the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action, the outcome of the 23rd special session of the General Assembly, and the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
The Division’s technical cooperation programme is closely linked to its work in policy formulation and implementation. Activities are commonly implemented in collaboration with other United Nations entities, in particular the regional commissions, and include areas such as women’s human rights, women’s roles in peace and security, gender mainstreaming, and strengthening the catalytic roles of the national machineries for the advancement of women. The Division also has a programme of support for countries emerging from conflict to enhance implementation of the Convention.
The Division welcomes requests from Governments for technical support and encourages Governments and other donors to contribute towards, and support, the Division’s capacity-building efforts.
For more information: http://www/womenwatch/daw/TechnicalCooperation/index.htm