Volume 5, No. 5, October-November 2001



Features

Fifty-sixth Session of the General Assembly
Preparations for Johannesburg
Final Evaluation of UN-NADAF
United Nations ICT Task Force
ACC High Level Meetings on Management and Programmes
World Economic and Social Survey 2001
Report on the World Social Situation
 

Current meetings
 
Economic and Social Policy
Advancement of Women
Social Development
Public Administration
Africa and Least Developed Countries
Sustainable Development
Forests
 

Technical cooperation

Sustainable Development
Advancement of Women
Public Administration
Social Development
Statistics


Current publications

Policy Analysis
Statistics
Population
Social Development
Advancement of Women


Meetings Held


FEATURES

Fifty-sixth Session of the General Assembly

The fifty-sixth session of the General Assembly held its first meeting on Wednesday, 12 September.  Its first action, following the election of its new President, H.E. Mr. HAN Seung-Soo, Foreign Affairs Minister of the Republic of Korea, was to condemn the terrorist attacks of 11 September and call for urgently enhancing cooperation to prevent and eradicate acts of terrorism.

The Assembly adjusted its work programme in light of the situation created by the events.  The Special Session on Children has been postponed and new dates are being identified to hold it in 2002, possibly around the middle of the year.  The Assembly’s general debate will be held on 10-16 November.

The Assembly nonetheless started its substantive work with its dialogue on development through partnership on 20 and 21 September, and a debate on the report of the Secretary-General on the work of the organization, from 24 through 26 September; from which it moved into a debate on measures to eliminate international terrorism on 1 October.

The Second Committee engaged into its substantive work on 1 October, one week earlier than scheduled, when it started its general debate under the chairmanship of Ambassador Francisco Seixas da Costa of Portugal.  Dharmansjah Djumala (Indonesia), Garfield Barnwell (Guyana) and Felix Mbayu (Cameroon) are the Committee’s Vice-Chairmen.  Jana Simonova (Czech Republic) its Rapporteur.  Mr. Desai addressed the Committee .  With regard to the Committee’s work, the discussion on some items was advanced (migration, science and technology, poverty), but the dates for other items remained the same as in earlier draft programmes.  However, at the request of the G-77, there will be no specific debate nor a substantive resolution on items that will be addressed in the upcoming Preparatory Committee on Financing for Development (trade and development; international financial system, debt, and high-level intergovernmental consideration of financing for development and globalization and Interdependence).   With these arrangements, it is hoped that the Second Committee will be able to complete its work earlier than usual, although the official target date is still 7 December.  This would also allow to free days for the Financing for Development process, possibly in the week of 10 December.

The Third Committee started its work on 8 October, as originally scheduled, when it discussed social development.  H.E. Mr. Fuad Mubarak Al-Hinai (Oman) is chairman of the Committee this session.  Carlos Enrique Garcia Gonzalez of El Salvador, Carina Martensson of Sweden and Yehia Oda of Egypt are the Committee’s Vice-Chairmen and Juraj Priputen of Slovakia is its Rapporteur.  The Third Committee is expected to complete its work by 28 November.

A full programme of panels has been prepared around the second and third committee (see below ).

Major events for the Department during the main part of the General Assembly session include:

  • On 15 -19 October, resumed third Preparatory Committee (Prep Com) on Financing for Development.
  • On 10-14 December, resumed first Prep Com for the Second World Assembly on Ageing.
  • On 29, 30 and 31 October, three-day debate in the Second Committee on Sustainable Development.  One panel is scheduled on 30 October to bring together the outcome of the regional round tables and another on 31 October with civil society.
  • Besides its usual agenda items in the committees and in the plenary, the Department will also follow closely the debates in the Assembly’s plenary on 19 November on the recently issued report on the road map towards the implementation of the Millennium Declaration (A/56/326) and on 5 November on the report on “Towards global partnerships” (A/56/323 ).

            It may be mentioned that the Assembly will devote two plenary meetings to volunteering, coinciding with the close of the International Year of Volunteers on 5 December 2001; and two days of plenary meetings to the UN Year of dialogue among civilizations on 3 and 4 December 2001.

Statement by Mr. Desai
Below are excerpts of Mr. Desai’s statement to the Second Committee on 1 October
The full text is at:
http://www.un.org/documents/ga/docs/56/c2/ac256-stusg.htm

Mr. Desai informed the Second Committee that they would soon be presented with an update on the forecasts that are contained in the World Economic and Social Survey (See Feature below) . He indicated that the update is in fact "a substantial correction": whereas the World Economic and Social Survey had originally predicted 2.4% growth for the world economy, a recent reassessment has shown the numbers to be closer to 1.4% for 2001 and rising perhaps to 2% in 2002.  

On the subject of the impact of globalization on the reduction or amplification of the normal cycles of business activity in the industrialized and in the developing countries, he said that it had generally been assumed, almost up to 1997, that globalization was improving the global growth rate through increased trade and financial flows. The first doubts arose in 1997-1998 with the financial crisis. But in some ways the world economy came out of the 1997-98 crisis reasonably well, with the processes of growth reviving by 1999 and 2000.  The reason for that was precisely globalization.

Because growth processes were strongly maintained in the United States, particularly, it was possible for many of the countries affected by the crisis of 1997-98 to recover quickly.  The globalization of finance contributed to the strong growth of the U.S. economy, while the globalization of production made international trade a more powerful mechanism for transmitting this stimulus from the U.S. to the rest of the world.  In this instance, globalization accelerated the recovery from the crisis.

            The situation now is substantially different.  The subsequent slowdown in the United States has been transmitted to the rest of the world economy, initially through increasingly globalized trade flows and subsequently through global financial markets.  Just as trade expanded unusually rapidly during the upturns, so it has suffered profoundly during the slowdown, with no growth in the volume of trade expected in 2001.

            Because of their increased international trade flows, developing countries are far more affected than previously by a slowdown in the developed world. A back-of-the-envelope calculation suggests that a one per cent decline in the growth of the US economy today will reduce the rate of growth in developing countries as a group by 0.4 per cent, compared to 0.3 per cent at the beginning of the 1990s.

            One positive feature of the current situation, however, is that there has been far greater effort at macro-economic policy coordination in recent months than there was in the past.  For instance, there have been simultaneous reductions in interest rates by the leading industrial countries with similar ripple consequences in policy actions in developing countries.

            He went on to talk about the second part of the World Economic and Social Survey , which focuses on the issue of the vulnerability of countries to globalization, an essentially structural rather than cyclical phenomenon. Vulnerabilities may arise from the world of finance and investment, when globalized private capital flows fail to take account of the needs of developing and transitional economies. Vulnerabilities can also arise from international trade for countries that are dependent on a few primary commodities, or impeded by protectionism (for instance, by the inclusion of non-trade issues in trade negotiations). The World Economic and Social Survey also looks at the vulnerabilities that arise from natural disasters, and at the vulnerabilities which arise during a very substantial change in the nature of the economic system, such as in the countries in transition.  Much of this analysis is based on specific country case studies.

Mr. Desai noted that these concerns about globalization have been behind the protests at major international meetings over the past year. In many ways, he went on to say, the concerns of these protestors are very similar to the concerns which have driven discussions at the Second Committee. These concerns are about the social and environmental impact of globalization; about the marginalization of countries which cannot benefit from the processes of globalization; and about the nature of the governance processes of global trade and finance and the degree to which poorer countries and civil society are able to influence these. He observed that the protests have also been driven partially by the feeling that the capacity to lobby within the multilateral system is not adequate. Thus it is necessary to find a way of managing globalization which gives enough of a voice to countries which feel left out or marginalized, or that their structural concerns are not adequately reflected in global agreements on trade and finance.

On the subject of important forthcoming meetings, Mr. Desai began by referring to the preparatory meeting on Financing for Development (FfD) to be held from 15-19 October. There is a text prepared by the Facilitator which will serve as the basis of discussion for this meeting. Although he felt that this process has made a lot of progress, he observed that the challenge now is to start focusing on the outcome rather than on the inputs for discussion.

Another major conference on the agenda of the Second Committee is the Johannesburg Summit of 2002.  The preparatory process for this will begin in January, and Mr. Desai said that it is very important for the Second Committee discussions on the Johannesburg Summit 2002 to start providing a sense of direction.

A third major item on the agenda is the triennial comprehensive policy review of operational activities for development of the United Nations system. The review is trying to explore how the U.N. system can respond to what has become a major theme of development cooperation:  partnership. This will entail looking at development cooperation as just one of the complex set of endeavours which has to be managed, designed and run by the programme country itself.

In conclusion, Mr. Desai drew attention to Africa, since this is the year to begin focusing on the preparations for the review of the UN-NADAF.  There has also been the major development of the New African Initiative which took place in Lusaka.  He emphasized the importance of mainstreaming concerns about Africa into all of the work that is done in the Second Committee, since this seems to be the direction in which consideration of African development is moving.

DESA Reports

International financial architecture and development, including net transfer of resources between developing and developed countries .

The report (A/56/173) reviews the developments in financial flows to developing countries in 2000, which were characterized by a large transfer of financial resources out of the developing countries, owing to the depressed level of private financial flows to East and South Asia in the wake of the financial crisis of the late 1990s and the earnings from high oil prices that year in oil-exporting countries, especially in West Asia. The report also reviews recent developments in the reform of the international financial architecture. The report is complemented by two addenda, one prepared by UNDP on financial stability as a global public good (A/56/173/Add.1) and the other by UNCTAD on its activities to promote long-term private flows for development (A/56/173/Add.2).

            Contact: Mr. Barry Herman, Development Policy Analysis Division, Tel. (212) 963 4747, E-mail: Herman@un.org

International migration and development, including the question of the convening of a United Nations conference on international migration and development to address migration issues

            The Second Committee discussed on Friday, 5 October 2001, item 112 of its agenda, “International migration and development, including the question of the convening of a United Nations conference on international migration and development to address migration issues”.  The report on this topic was prepared by the Population Division, and published on 6 August 2001 as document A/56/167, it indicated that 26 governments had expressed reservations to holding the conference, 47 were generally in favour, and the remainder had not pronounced themselves.

            Contact: Joseph Grinblat, Chief of Migration and Mortality Section, Population Division, Tel. (212) 963-3216, E-mail: grinblat@un.org

Report of the Open-ended Ad-hoc Working Group on the Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa

            This report provides an overview of the progress made in the implementation of the recommendations relating to the two thematic areas of focus of the Secretary-General’s report on causes of conflict in Africa, submitted to the Security Council in 1999.  They are: Conflict prevention and post-conflict peace-building; and Education.

Contact: Raj Bardouille, OSCAL, Tel. (212) 963-2645, Fax: (212) 963-3892, E-mail: bardouille@un.org

Progress report on implementation of the recommendations contained in the Secretary-General’s report on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development

            The report tracks the progress on all issues in the Secretary-General’s report (S/1999/1008) on the Causes of Conflict in Africa.  The report addresses specific follow-up actions that have been initiated or completed in the areas of peacemaking, peacekeeping and post-conflict peace-building.

Contact: Raj Bardouille, OSCAL, Tel. (212) 963-2645, Fax: (212) 963-3892, E-mail: barfouille@un.org

Report on international strategy for action on ageing

The report entitled “International strategy for action on ageing: draft text proposed by the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee for the Second World Assembly on Ageing” will be discussed in the resumed first session of the committee, (10-14 December 2001).

Contact: Alexandre Sidorenko, Tel. (212) 963-0500, Fax: (212) 963-0500, E-mail: sidorenko@un.org

2001 Second and Third Committees
Panels/Briefing Meetings

Theme

Date

Sponsor

Participants

Second Committee

 

 

 

“State of the world economy”

11 October 11:30-1:00
Conf. Rm. 2

DPAD

Keynote speaker
Mr. Lawrence Klein

“Issues for Doha”

23 October 10-1 p.m.

UNCTAD

Keynote speaker
Prof. Bhagwati

“Regional perspectives on the World Summit on Sustainable Development”

29 October p.m.

DSD

Chairmen of the regional Roundtables

“Implementing Agenda 21 in a globalizing world – risks and opportunities”

31 October a.m.

DSD

NGO leaders, Mr. N. Desai as moderator

“Globalization and the State”

1 November
10-1 p.m.

DPEPA

H.E. GJ Fraser-Moleketi, Minister of Public Administration of South Africa.

Professor Anthony Giddens, Director of the London School of Economics.

Mr. Enrique Iglesias, President of the Inter American Development Bank.

Professor Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize on Economics.

H.E. Jesus Posada, Minister of Public Administration of Spain.

“Changes and trends in public administration”

2 November
10-1 p.m.

DPEPA

 

“Impact evaluation of operational activities in capacity building and poverty eradication”

7 November 3-6 p.m.

DESC

 

 

Theme

Date

Sponsor

Participants

Third Committee

 

 

 

“World Social situation” – in connection with the release of the WSS report

8 October
10 a.m.- 1 p.m.
Conf. Rm. 1

  DSPD

Authors of the report on the World Social Situation:

  Prof. G. Andrea Cornia (University of Florence)

Prof. Maria Cruz Saco (Connecticut College)

Ms. Odile Frank, DSPD/DESA

Mr. Sergei Zelenev, DSPD/DESA

Joint Second and Third Committee

 

 

 

“Human Genome”

19 October
10-1 pm

DESC

 

H.E. Mr. Seixas da Costa, Chairman of 2nd Cmte

Michael Doyle, ASG, UN (Moderator)

Prof. Bruce Alberts, President, NAS

Prof. Falaschi, Director, ICGEB; Prof. Lander, MIT

Prof. Nirman Kumar Ganguli, Director-General, Indian Council of Medical Research

“Globalization and poverty”

12 Nov.

DSPD

Mr. David Dollar


Preparations for Johannesburg

http://www.johannesburgsummit.org/

Preparations for the Johannesburg Summit are well underway.  Through a participatory process, the issues to be debated will be agreed upon during a series of national, sub-regional, regional and global consultations with governments and other organizations.

National Preparations

Many member states have convened their own National Preparatory Committees to review their successes and the challenges they face in achieving sustainable development, and to contribute their views to the assessment of progress.  The UN is assisting with the preparation of national assessments and country profiles, which are being used to help guide discussions leading up to and during the Summit. 

The UN has also invited countries to launch a range of initiatives to increase public awareness of sustainable development issues.  These include a competition for children to design Agenda 21 posters, an essay contest on visions for sustainable development and a process to develop “101 ways to promote sustainable development”.

Regional Preparations

In each region of the world—Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Europe and North America, Latin America and the Caribbean, and West Asia—intergovernmental Sub-regional and Regional Preparatory Committees (known as PrepComs) are being held during late 2001.  These PrepComs are assessing the key challenges, opportunities and constraints relating to sustainable development that each region has faced over the past ten years, and identifying future priorities, new initiatives and the commitments needed to make progress in the coming years.   The reports from these Regional PrepComs will be taken to the global PrepCom meetings being held during the first half of 2002.

Representatives from major groups have been playing an integral role in these discussions, through a multi-stakeholder dialogue process in which leaders from all sectors contribute their opinions and expertise to the regional evaluations.

In addition, a series of regional roundtables of eminent sustainable development experts took place in mid-2001.  The reports from each roundtable, on key sustainable development issues to be addressed in the region and at the Johannesburg Summit, are available on the Summit website.

Global Preparations

The tenth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (known as CSD10) is acting as the global Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the Johannesburg Summit.  Four PrepCom meetings are being held during 2001-2002 to agree on the agenda for the Summit.  Representatives from each of the major groups, including leaders from the NGO and business communities, are also participating in these meetings.

            Contact: Maria Mercedes Sanchez , Division for Sustainable Development, Tel. (212) 963-9421, E-mail: msanchez@un.org


Final Evaluation of the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s (UN-NADAF)

http://www.un.org/africa/osaa/

The independent high-level evaluation of the UN-NADAF requested by the ECOSOC and the General Assembly in the context of the final review and appraisal of this programme scheduled in 2002 has started in mid-September 2001.  A 12-member panel of eminent personalities from Africa and the international community was established by the Secretary-General to carry out this independent evaluation.  It will be assisted by a team of four senior consultants led by Mr. Yves Berthelot, former Executive Secretary, Economic Commission for Europe and former Deputy-Secretary-General of UNCTAD.

            The calendar of the independent evaluation includes two meetings of the panel in November 2001 and March 2002 and visits by senior consultants to selected donor and recipient countries and to the various organizations of the United Nations system working on Africa.  The report of the independent evaluation is scheduled to be finalized by the end of March 2002 and be made available to member-states by the end of May 2002.

            Contact: Emmanuel Goued Njayick, OSCAL, Tel. (212) 963-5006, Fax: 963-3892, E-mail: njayick@un.org


United Nations Information and Communication Technology Task Force

            In view of the events of 11 September, the inauguration of the UN Information and Communication Technology Task Force scheduled for 14 September had to be postponed.  Since preparations for the Task Force’s work are completed and Members, including from the private sector, are eager for action, it is hoped to reschedule the inaugural meeting as soon as it is practically possible.

            The work accomplished during the past few months includes a draft Plan of Action that was prepared by an interim secretariat set up in DESA to support the Task Force following a working level meeting in Boston last June.  During June, July and August 2001, the draft was progressively revised and improved based on numerous comments and suggestions received from the members of the Task Force.  Members of the interim secretariat carried out extensive consultations and met with government, non-government and the private sector representatives in all regions.  The purpose was to raise awareness and encourage substantive contributions to the initiative.

            A group of high-level advisors to the Task Force has been set up, and a number of concrete proposals for “short-term deliverables” have been developed for the Task Force’s consideration and implementation.

Members of the task force are engaged in on-line consultations on: a) the composition of the Bureau; b) the draft Plan of Action; c) the secretariat and core budget; d) regional networks; and e) proposed short-term deliverables.  Draft proposals were circulated to members on each of these elements at the end of August. The process of consultations has already started and we have received positive feed back from several members.

A meeting of the Task Force is also planned for 4 February in Davos.


ACC High Level Meetings on Management and Programmes
http://acc.unsystem.org/

In preparation for the Fall 2001 session of the Advisory Committee on Coordination  to be held on October 19-20 at UNHQ in NY, the High Level Meeting on Management (HLCM) and the High Level Meeting on Programmes (HLCP) held their second meetings of 2001 in Geneva on September 10-11 and 25-26 respectively. 

HLCM’s main focus was the finalization of the new inter-agency arrangements proposed for the security and safety of staff.  Discussed under this item were: the new cost-sharing formula devised and agreed upon for system-wide security expenditures throughout the 2002-2003 biennium, the arrangements for the management of the security system, and the simplification of evacuation allowances.   Other items discussed by the Committee were issues regarding capitalizing on technology, simplification of procedures, processes and entitlements under which a presentation was made regarding the lump sum relocation grant arrangements, sustainable employability, and issues regarding consultations with staff representatives.

HLCP discussions focused inter alia on the Millenium Summit Follow-up, System-wide support for Africa and the New African Initiative, the Review of the ACC subsidiary machinery in the programme area and follow-up to HLCP recommendations on Global Public Goods and the Global Poverty Campaign.

The recommendations of both High Level Committees will be presented to ACC for consideration at its meeting on 19 October.   Their discussions will center around the Integrated and coordinated follow-up to the Millenium Summit, System-wide support for Africa, Staff Security and Safety, the Review of ACC and Dialogue with the Chairman of ICSC and Staff Representatives. On October 20th , ACC will hold a retreat. 

Contact: Agerico Lacanlale, ACC Secretariat, Tel. (212) 963-6889, E-mail: lacanlale@un.org OR Karina Gerlach, ACC Secretariat, Tel. (212) 963-5858


World Economic and Social Survey 2001
 
 http://www.un.org/Pubs/whatsnew/e01wes.htm

The World Economic and Social Survey 2001 has been published and is available under E/2001/50/Rev.1 or as United Nations sales No. E.01.II.C.1.

            The Survey notes that a deep slowdown in the world's major economies - triggered by the downturn in the United States - is dragging down growth prospects of developing and transition economies, and threatens to continue well into the second half of 2001. The slowdown in the United States has been caused by the interrelated decline in corporate profits, the tightening of credit conditions and the decrease in investment spending. According to the Survey, 2000 had been a remarkably good year in that none of the economies in transition went backward and declined in gross domestic product (GDP) for the first time in ten years. Unfortunately, the momentum did not last into 2001. The report urges reform of the global trading system and the international financial architecture as a long-term measure” to facilitate development by securing less volatile and more balanced world economic growth.”    

            Part II of the Survey examines the relationship between vulnerability of countries and globalisation.  While globalisation is an important source of growth and other benefits, many developing and transition countries face specific developmental challenges in rapidly and successfully integrating into the globalising world economy. It shows that globalisation of the financial sector has made developing and transition countries more vulnerable to losses in income through shocks emanating from banking and currency crises.

            A second area of vulnerability dealt with is that of international trade, which can be both an important source of growth as well as a source of external shocks. Developing countries’ efforts to benefit from globalisation can, for example, be impeded by protectionism and through the introduction of non-trade-related issues into trade negotiations.

            The Survey also examines the vulnerabilities that arise from a very substantial change in the nature of the economic system, such as in countries largely remote or cut off from their main potential markets that had to move from a centrally planned system to a market economy. Finally, it looks at vulnerability arising from recurrent natural disasters that may create obstacles for integration into the world economy because they can disrupt investment patterns and limit capital accumulation in the long run.

            Contact: Ian Kinniburgh, Development Policy Analysis Division, Tel. (212) 963-4838, e-mail: Kinniburgh@un.org

Report on the World Social Situation
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/rwss/index.html

            The 2001 Report on the World Social Situation has been released as a sales publication (ST/ESA/277; sales number: 01.IV.5). The quadrennial Report is a comprehensive document covering major issues of social significance. It is the fifteenth in a series of reports on the subject dating from 1952. The current issue features equity as a priority theme of the Report.

The report covers a substantial terrain: from assessing major trends in socio-economic development to changes in institutional framework, analysis of living conditions, and trends in social protection around the world. The report also highlights causes and consequences of major social disruptions such as armed conflict, discrimination, violence, corruption and crime. The final part of the report covers such emerging issues as changing boundaries of privacy, corporate social responsibility and ethical implications of bio-medical developments.

Panel discussion  

A panel discussion on issues covered in the 2001 Report on the World Social Situation , is being held on 8 October 2001, for members of Permanent Missions and the Secretariat staff. The panelists include Prof. Giovanni Andrea Cornia (Italy), and Prof. Maria Amparo Cruz-Saco (Peru), in addition to staff of the Division for Social Policy and Development.

 Contact: Sergei Zelenev, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-4732, Fax: (212) 963-3062, E-mail: Zelenev@un.org


CURRENT MEETINGS

Economic and Social Policy
http://www.un.org/esa  

General Assembly
56th session
New York, 11 September-23 December

Including:
General debate
New York, 10-16 November

            See lead article above

Preparatory Committee of the International Conference on Financing for Development
Third Substantive Session, Part II
New York, 15-19 October
http://www.un.org/esa/ffd/

            The committee will consider the Draft Outcome by the Facilitator (A/AC.257/25 ), and the Report of the Zedillo Panel to the Secretary-General (A/55/1000 ). 

Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC)
2nd regular session of 2001
New York, 19-20 October
http://acc.unsystem.org/

            See feature above


Advancement of Women
http://www.un.org/womenwatch

Claiming Women's Rights: implementing the convention on the Elimination of all Forms of discrimination Against women (CEDAW)
Glasgow, UK, 7-12 October
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/news/calendar/

Expert Group Meeting on Environmental Management and the Mitigation of Natural disasters: a Gender Perspective
Ankara, Turkey, 6 - 9 November 2001
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/env_manage/

            The Beijing+5 special session of the General Assembly acknowledged an increase in casualties and damage caused by natural disasters and raised awareness of the inefficiencies and inadequacies of existing approaches and intervention methods in responding to such emergency situations from a gender perspective.  It suggested that a gender perspective be incorporated into disaster prevention, mitigation and recovery strategies.  The special session also recommended that the United Nations system and international and regional organizations should assist governments in developing gender-sensitive strategies for the delivery of assistance and responses to humanitarian crises resulting from natural disasters.

The Commission on the Status of Women, in its multi-year programme of work for 2002-2006, decided to consider the topic  "Environmental management and mitigation of natural disasters: a gender perspective" as a priority theme at its upcoming session in 2002 and a possible contribution to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa in 2002). 

The expert group meeting will consider the gender aspects of environmental management and the mitigation of natural disasters, in all phases of disaster emergency (before, during and in the recovery phase).  It will also explore the relationship between natural disasters and sustainable development (globalization, unsustainable development and climate change) from a gender perspective.  The expert group meeting will produce gender-specific policy recommendations to address the problems associated with natural disasters and to empower women and enhance their capacity to play an active role in their communities, in policy-making and for achieving sustainable development.  It will address in particular institutional capacity-building such as the integration of a gender perspective into community based disaster mitigation and women’s role in environmental decision-making at all levels. 

Contact: Maria Hartl, Gender Advisory Services, DAW, Tel. (212) 963-3140, E-mail: hartl@un.org OR Santiago Martinez de Orense, Tel. (212) 963-4526, E-mail: martinez-orense@un.org

Online discussion on “Gender equality, environmental management, and natural disaster mitigation”
To register please visit the DAW web page: http://esaconf.un.org:80/~gas1

In preparation for the expert group meeting on “Environmental management and the mitigation of natural disasters: a gender perspective” (Ankara, 6 to 9 November 2001), DAW has launched an online discussion on gender equality, environmental management, and natural disaster mitigation.  The discussion, covering the period 24 September to 2 November 2001, considers a different topic each week. Elaine Enarson, Researcher in Gender and Disaster, is the moderator, while the Coordinator is Santiago Martinez de Orense (DAW).

To date, the discussion has been analyzing “women as part of the solution” rather than women’s vulnerabilities to disaster.  The focus has been on positive aspects, experiences and characteristics that reduce women’s vulnerability and promote gender equality and provide solutions to global problems. The role of women as key environmental managers and key actors in natural disaster management are primary issues being explored. The outcome of the online discussion will be presented to the EGM in Ankara.

During the first two weeks of the online discussion, responses to the discussion have been positive with participation by experts from all regions.

            Contact: Santiago Martinez de Orense, GAS/DAW/DESA, E-mail: martinez-orense@un.org

Expert Group Meeting on Empowerment of Women Throughout the Life Cycle as a Transformative Strategy for Poverty Eradication
New Delhi, India, 26-29 November
 

Though the issue of poverty has always been a major concern in the work of the United Nations, the challenge of its eradication remains on top of both the international and national agendas. During the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995), the international community expressly recognized poverty has a significant gender dimension. The Platform for Action adopted in Beijing and the outcome document (A/RES/S-23/3) adopted by the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace in the twenty-first century” addressed the issue of women’s empowerment and poverty eradication. Governments were called on to strive to reduce the disproportionate presence of women living in poverty by implementing national poverty eradication programmes with a focus on a gender perspective and the empowerment of women, including short- and long-term goals.

At its forty-fifth session in March 2001, the Commission on the Status of Women adopted a new multi-year programme of work identifying the priority themes for the period 2002-2006.  Accordingly, in 2002, the Commission, at its forty-sixth session, will consider the theme “Eradicating poverty, including through the empowerment of women throughout their life cycle in a globalizing world.”  In order to assist the Commission in its work, the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) will convene an expert group meeting on the theme of "Empowerment of women throughout the life cycle as a transformative strategy for poverty eradication", which will be hosted by the Government of India in New Delhi.

The meeting will examine the empowerment of women within the context of globalization as a transformative strategy for poverty eradication. The meeting will also aim to refine and expand an agenda for “action to be taken” at both the international and national levels to eradicate poverty as outlined in the Beijing Platform for Action and in the Beiing+5 outcome document. Key policy recommendations will be directed toward governments, the United Nations system, intergovernmental and regional bodies and civil society.

The findings and conclusions of the meeting will provide the basis for the preparation of the Secretary-General’s Report to be submitted to the forty-sixth session of the Commission on the Status of Women in March 2002. The full report of the expert group meeting will also be made available to the Commission to assist in its deliberations on this theme.

Contact: Natalia Zakharova, GAS/DAW/DESA, E-mail: zakharova@un.org Or Sharon Taylor, GAS/DAW/DESA, E-mail: taylors@un.org

Symposium on Gender Mainstreaming
Bangkok, 26-29 November
 

Experience from both the United Nations and its Member States contexts has shown that the provision of opportunities for exchange of ideas, experiences and good practice on gender mainstreaming is a fruitful means of increasing awareness, commitment and capacity to implement the strategy.  Symposia on gender mainstreaming are therefore being organized in all regions – in collaboration between the Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women in New York and in the five regional commissions.  The first symposium will be held at ESCAP, Bangkok.

The regional symposium in Bangkok will bring together representatives of Governments, regional-level intergovernmental organizations, NGOs and civil society groups, private sector and academia for a constructive dialogue on gender mainstreaming in the region – identifying and addressing potentials and constraints. The symposium will provide a more operational focus on gender mainstreaming – identifying entry-points and approaches, methodologies and tools, including through the identification of good practice examples – to support gender mainstreaming at national level and in intergovernmental processes at regional level.

Case studies on development of strategies for gender mainstreaming in different sector areas will be prepared as a basis for discussion. There will be a strong focus on gender mainstreaming in poverty elimination policies and strategies in order to feed into the discussions on poverty at the forty-sixth session of the Commission on the Status of Women taking place in March 2001. Emphasis will also be placed on gender mainstreaming in national budget processes.   Apart from plenary sessions to introduce specific topics, all discussions will be held in small working groups led by experienced facilitators. A final plenary session will bring together the findings and recommendations from the working group sessions and endorse a Final Communiqué, as well as an outline for a report to the Commission on the Status of Women.

Contact: Carolyn Hannan, OSAGI, Tel. (212) 963-3104, E-mail: hannan@un.org

Social Development
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/

International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
New York, 17 October

In observance of the international day for the eradication of poverty on 17 October 2001, the Division for Social Policy and Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, will organize a panel discussion. The topic of the discussion will be the role of cooperatives in poverty reduction. The purpose of the panel discussion is to highlight the important role cooperatives are playing in achieving the Millennium goals of full and productive employment, poverty eradication, hte enhancement of social integration and the promotion of the advancement of women.

Contact: Donald Lee, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-8762, E-mail: lee27@un.org

Meeting in preparation for the World Assembly on Ageing (8-12 April 2002)
Malta, 29-31 October
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/waa/index.html  

In connection with preparations for the World Assembly on Ageing, an expert group meeting on population and development: social health and gender issues, organized by UNFPA, in collaboration with DESA (UN programme on Ageing, DSPD), will be held in Malta. The meeting will focus on issues confronting the poor in old age.

            Contact: Alexandre Sidorenko, Tel. (212) 963-0500, Fax: (212) 963-0500, E-mail: sidorenko@un.org  

Expert Group Meeting on the Social Impact of Macroeconomics Policies
New York, 5-7 November

In the context of the preparation of the next session of the Commission for Social Development in February 2001, which is scheduled to discuss the priority theme “integration of economic and social policies,” the Division for Social Policy and Development will organize in New York, an expert group meeting on the social impact of macroeconomic policies. The participants will discuss a range of issues including how the setting of economic policy priorities reflects social objectives; what are the key channels through which macroeconomic policies affect social sector development and how technocratic factors affect the interaction of different branches of government in their collaborative efforts.

Contact: Sergei Zelenev, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-4732, Fax: (212) 963-3062, E-mail: Zelenev@un.org

Expert Group Meeting on Globalization and Poverty Reduction
New York, 8-9 November  

The Expert Group meeting on globalization and poverty reduction, organized by the Poverty Eradication and Employment Unit of the Division for Social Policy and development, will be held in New York.

The meeting will focus on the impact of globalization on the rural poor, in particular on how the benefits of globalization are transmitted to the rural poor. It will also review poverty reduction strategies and examine experiences of rural poverty alleviation as well as the role of the United Nations in these processes.

The meeting is expected to produce policy recommendations to low-income and high-income countries on ways of enhancing the benefits of globalization for the rural poor.

Participants will include experts from various research institutions from each region as well as IFAD, UNDP and the World Bank.

            Contact: Donald Lee, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-8762, E-mail: lee27@un.org

Meeting in preparation for the World Assembly on Ageing (8-12 April 2002)
Chang Mai, Thailand, 25-28 November
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/waa/index.html  

A meeting, entitled, “Towards an international strategy on ageing: civil society consultation,” organized by DESA (UN programme on ageing, DSPD), in cooperation with HelpAge International, will be held in Chang Mai, Thailand.

Contact: Alexandre Sidorenko, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-0500, Fax: (212) 963-0500, E-mail: sidorenko@un.org

Preparatory Committee for the Second World Assembly on Ageing (8-12 April 2002)
First session, resumed
New York, 10-14 December
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/waa/index.html

            Contact: Alexander Sidorenko, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-0500, Fax: (212) 963-0500, E-mail: sidorenko@un.org

Public Administration
http://www.unpan.org/conference.asp

Tenth International Anti-Corruption Conference
Prague, Czech Republic, 7 – 10 October
 

Together with the International Institute for Public Ethics, DPEPA is organizing a workshop at the 10th International Anti-Corruption Conference, being held from 7 to 11 October 2001 in Prague.  Over 1,000 participants from around the world are expected to attend to discuss the theme:  Together against Corruption:  Designing Strategies, Assessing Impact, Reforming Corrupt Institutions .  The Workshop, entitled Can Ethics Be Audited? will focus on tools available for measuring, or generally “auditing” in a broad sense, the desirable behaviours and practices of public administration organizations.

Contact: Elia Yi Armstrong, DPEPA, Tel. (212) 963-2926, E-mail: armstronge@un.org OR Shabbir Cheema, Tel. (917) 367-3027, E-mail: cheemas@un.org

Public Administration Forum during the General Assembly
New York, 29 October – 2 November
  http://www.unpan.org/conference.asp  

            Contact: Alex Trepelkov, DPEPA, Tel. (212) 963-7633, E-mail: trepelkov@un.org

VI International Congress of CLAD on State and Public Administration Reform
Buenos Aires, Argentina, 5-9 November

http://www.clad.org.ve/congre6i.html  

Contact: Marco Suazo, Technical Adviser, DPEPA Tel. (212) 963-8423, E-mail: suazom@un.org

Capacity Building Workshop for Central America and the Dominican Republic Parliaments - PARLACEN
Guatemala City, Guatemala, 27-29 November

  http://www.unpan.org/conference.asp  

Contact: Marco Suazo, Technical Adviser, DPEPA Tel. (212) 963-8423, E-mail: suazom@un.org


Africa and Least Developed Countries

http://www.un.org/esa/africa/oscal.htm (no longer valid)

Expert Group Meeting: Improving Competitiveness of SMEs in Developing Countries – Role of Finance, including E-Finance Enterprise Development
Geneva, 22-24 October
 

As part of its activities to strengthen Africa’s civil society and micro-finance institutions, OSCAL will participate in the Expert-Group Meeting organized by UNCTAD on “Improving Competitiveness of SMEs in Developing Countries: Role of Finance, including E-Finance Enterprise Development”.  The meeting will be devoted to accessing traditional finance (both credit and equity) and the emerging issues of e-finance.

            Access to credit has always been a major impediment for SMEs, especially those headed by women.  The model of micro-finance for Africa recently developed by OSCAL addresses this issue in the following terms:  “Micro-finance and micro-enterprise are critically linked; micro-enterprise development is an essential extension of micro-finance schemes.  If micro-finance is to have a sustainable impact on poverty eradication, it must eventually scale up into creating a private sector of entrepreneurs who function in the informal sector, empowering micro-entrepreneurs to participate and benefit from the formal economy.” (Micro-finance in Africa: Combining the Best Practices of Traditional And Modern Micro-finance Approaches towards Poverty Eradication, OSCAL 2000 – see OSCAL website).  As women constitute 60 per cent of the labour force of Africa’s informal economy, this approach could initiate positive changes. 

Contact: Ruth Bamela Engo, OSCAL, Tel. (212) 963-4780, Fax: (212) 963-3892, E-mail: erengo@un.org

Annual Regional Consultative Meeting on Africa
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 29-30 October

The meeting will take place against the backdrop of several significant policy developments concerning Africa recently.  This includes in particular the New Africa Initiative (NAI) which was supported by the High-Level Segment of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (July 16-18) and the G-8 countries that adopted the Genoa Plan of Action for Africa.

            It is expected that all agencies would contribute to the implementation of the New African Initiative consistent with the spirit of the ACC discussion in Nairobi.  Also it is expected to examine how the UN system should organize itself to support the Initiative.

Contact: Mehri Madarshahi, OSCAL, Tel. (212) 963-5436, Fax (212) 963-3892, E-mail: madarshahi@un.org

TICAD Preparatory Meeting for the Ministerial Conference
Dakar, Senegal, 30-31 October
 

            The TICAD Expanded Steering Committee that met in New York on 10 September 2001 decided to hold the Preparatory Meeting in Dakar, Senegal on 30 and 31 October 2001.  The participants who will be attending the Dakar meeting besides OSCAL and co-organizers will include representatives from the African, Asian, donor countries, international organizations, and sub-regional organizations (Africa).  Following draft papers prepared for the Ministerial Meeting will be reviewed:  (i) Review of TICAD II, (ii) Governance and Peace, (iii) Education and Training in Africa, (iv) Infectious Diseases especially HIV/AIDS, (v) Agricultural Development and Food Security, (vi) Infrastructure Development in SSA, (vii) Private Sector and Export Development, (viii) South-South Cooperation, (ix) Regional Cooperation and Integration, (x) Information Technology for Development. The draft paper on “Education and Training in Africa” was prepared by OSCAL.

            Contact: Abraham Joseph, OSCAL, Tel. (212) 963-4839, Fax: (212) 963-3892, E-mail: josepha@un.org

Sustainable Development
http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/

International Forum on National Sustainable Development Strategies
Accra, Ghana, 7-9 November

http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/calendar11.htm

Forests
http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/forests.htm

Collaborative Partnership on Forests
Fourth meeting of the CPF
New York, 8 October

Collaborative Partnership on Forests
Fifth meeting of the CPF
Yokohama, Japan, 9-10 November  

United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF)
Second session of the UNFF, including High-level Ministerial Segment
San Jose, Costa Rica, 4-15 March 2002

Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF)
Sixth meeting of the CPF
San Jose, Costa Rica, 2 March 2002


TECHNICAL COOPERATION
http://esa.un.org/techcoop/

Sustainable Development

Evaluation of Capacity-building for Sustainable Development: the Contribution of Selected DESA Technical Cooperation activities

The preparations for the World Summit for Sustainable Development in 2002 include a ten-year review of the outcomes of the United Nations Conference for Environment and Development (UNCED). This is also an opportunity for the Department for Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) to assess the outcomes and impact of some of its own technical cooperation in the subject areas of Agenda 21, with a view to drawing lessons for future cooperation and to reinforce its role as a learning and knowledge-based institution.

The thematic evaluation will select representative projects in fields where DESA plans to be active in the future, rather than undertake a comprehensive retrospective of all cooperation related to the subject areas of Agenda 21. Recognizing that DESA is a partner in national efforts that are jointly supported by other United Nations and bilateral partners, especially UNDP, UNFPA, the World Bank and others, the evaluation will concentrate on the value added by DESA, clearly specifying what had been expected of DESA and other partners.

The thematic evaluation will examine a sample of DESA-implemented technical cooperation projects and programmes at the national and regional level in the areas of water resources management, sustainable energy, public administration, social development and demography. It will begin with a review of the evaluation reports of these projects, which must either be completed or in an advanced stage of implementation. The evaluation will take a cross-cutting view of the project outcomes using the global norms emerging from Agenda 21 and from the instruments of other relevant conferences, especially the World Summit on Social Development and the International Conference on Population and Development. A sample of experts, counterparts and direct beneficiaries of the projects will be interviewed as needed in order to gain insights into the longer term impact and sustainability of the capacity-building achieved.

              Contact: Nikhil Chandavarkar, Division for Sustainable Development, Tel. (212) 963-8980, E-mail: chandavarkar@un.org

Advancement of Women

Training Workshop on Conflict Management for Women
Cape Town, South Africa, 22-26 October  

The Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) will organize a training Workshop on Conflict Management for Women, in collaboration with the Center for Conflict Resolution (CCR) of Cape Town University.

This training workshop is one of the follow-up activities to the consultation meeting on "Enhancing Women's Participation in Peace-Building", which was held in Addis Ababa in April 2001.  The workshop aims to create a learning opportunity for women participants to: (1) apply theory and tools to analyze conflicts; (2) critically compare and use various negotiation styles; (3) understand mediation approaches, processes and challenges through case studies; (4) apply their understanding in simulation exercises; (5) identify and garner key lessons for facilitating intra-state or national peace processes; and (6) learn early warning methods.

            Participants will include senior women government officials and women in NGO leadership positions from the following African countries: Burundi, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Contact: Makiko Tagashira, GASU/DAW, Tel. (212) 963-4836, E-mail: tagashira@un.org OR Fatiha Serour, Tel. (212) 963-8379, E-mail: serour@un.org  

Sub-regional Workshop on CEDAW
Palau, 29 October-2 November  

As a follow up to the CEDAW workshop conducted in Auckland, New Zealand, in February 2001, the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) is organizing a sub-regional workshop in Palau.  This workshop will target six Pacific Island States which have not yet ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) including the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI), the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru and Palau.  The workshop will provide assistance to these Northern Pacific Island States which are considering ratifying the Convention, but are constrained by specific legal and/or cultural issues.

The workshop is being jointly organized by DAW, UNDP-Fiji, ESCAP and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community ( SPC).  Funding is being provided by UNDP, while DAW will provide technical assistance and training.

Contact: Fatiha Serour, GASU/DAW, Tel. (212) 963-8379, E-mail: serour@un.org OR Juliet Solomon, Tel. (212) 963-6052, E-mail: solomon@un.org

Enhancing the Capacity of National Machineries for Gender Equality
Dar Es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, 12-16 November
 

DAW and DPEPA will conduct a Regional Training Workshop on Gender-Sensitive National Planning and Budgeting in Dar Es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania. Funded under the United Nations Development Account, the workshop aims to provide technical advice and capacity building for the preparation of national strategies on strengthening the capacities of institutional mechanisms for gender equality. This training will target representatives of national machineries from Anglophone African countries.

Contact: Tsu-wei Chang, GASU/DAW, Tel. (212) 963-8370, E-mail: changt@un.org OR Fatiha Serour, Tel. (212) 963-8379, E-mail: serour@un.org

Sub-Regional Consultations on “Reducing the Gender Dimensions of Poverty: Microfinance Policies, Processes and Practices”
Morocco, 3-5 December
Ghana, 10-12 December
 

Consultations targeting Francophone and Anglophone African countries will be held in Morocco and in Ghana respectively. These consultations represent the second step in the implementation of the above project. They aim to (a) analyse the key issues that have emerged from an online discussion on micro-finance as a poverty alleviation mechanism that were conducted by DAW in June and July 2001; (b) facilitate a dialogue among key stakeholders with regard to sustainable and effective microfinance; and (c) develop a consensus on a “minimum package” for technical support/capacity-building for microenterprise development.

            Contact: Juliet Solomon, GASU/DAW, Tel. (212) 963-6052, E-mail: solomonj@un.org OR Fatiha Serour, Tel. (212) 963-8379, E-mail: serour@un.org

Public Administration

Workshop on Financial Management and Accountability in the Face of Globalization
Rome, Italy, 28-30 November
http://www.unpan.org/conference.asp

DPEPA is organizing a Workshop on Financial Management and Accountability in the Face of Globalization in cooperation with the Italian Government.  The objective of the workshop is to examine the problems of government financial management and accountability in developing and transitional economy countries in the face of globalization.  It will seek to strengthen their public administrative and financial management capabilities through reforms with emphasis on enhanced efficiency, productivity, accountability and responsiveness of the public institutions.  The workshop will also focus on the national, regional and local authorities’ need to establish transparent budgeting frameworks, with a view to enhancing the efficient and equitable provision of government expenditures on health, education, and social security.  See the UNPAN web site for full details (www.unpan.org/whatsnew004.asp ) .

Contact: Jerzy Szeremeta, DPEPA, Tel. (212) 963-3924, E-mail: szeremeta@un.org

Social Development

Subregional Workshop for the Caribbean on Implementation and Follow-up of Commitments Made at WSSD and UNGASS 2000
Kingston, St. Vincent, 26-30 November  

            Contact: Julio D’Arcy, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-5603, E-mail: darcy@un.org

International Seminar on Policies for Poverty Eradication in Environmentally Degraded Regions of Transition Economies
Kiev, Ukraine, 27 - 29 November
 

            Contact: Alexei Tikhomirov, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-1070, E-mail: tikhomirov@un.org

International Workshop on Enhancing Delivery of Social Services in Transitional Economies
St. Petersburg, Russia, 18 - 20 December
 

            Contact: Alexei Tikhomirov, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-1070, E-mail: tikhomirov@un.org

Statistics

Workshop to Help Countries Improve the Quality and Reporting of their International Merchandise Trade Statistics
Bangkok, 8-12 October  

            The training workshop will be conducted jointly by the United Nations Statistics Division and ESCAP for Asian countries.

Workshop to Help Countries Improve the Quality and Reporting of their International Merchandise Trade Statistics
Vanuatu, 12-16 November

            The training workshop will be conducted jointly by the United Nations Statistics Division and ESCAP for Pacific countries.
 

CURRENT PUBLICATIONS

Policy Analysis

World Economic and Social Survey 2001
E/2001/50/Rev.1 - Sales No. E.01.II.C.1.

See feature above


Financing for Development: Proposals from Business and Civil Society

Edited by Barry Herman, Federica Pietracci and Krishnan Sharma. Published by UNU Press, Tokyo and New York, for release in October 2001.

In Financing for Development , twenty-one papers by business executives and civil-society activists from developing and developed countries address the question of how to boost the financing of development. Topics covered range from microcredit to large-scale project finance; from gender and poverty to bridging the digital divide; from local to global environments for investment; from domestic to international taxation; from trade expansion to debt relief; and from official development assistance to reform of the United Nations. Heads and senior officials of transnational and developing country financial and manufacturing enterprises have contributed to this collection as well as advocates and advisors of major church-based and secular non-governmental organizations in the North and the South. The initial versions of the papers were presented during hearings held by the United Nations General Assembly at the end of 2000 as part of its preparations for the International Conference on Financing for Development in Monterrey, Mexico in March 2002. 

Contact: Barry Herman, Development Policy Analysis Division, Tel. (212) 963-4747, E-mail: Herman@un.org

Participatory Development and Governance: Africa’s Special Needs
Report of the Committee for Development Policy on the third session (2-6 April 2001)

Sales No. E.01.II.A.4.

            The report focuses on the role of the United Nations system in supporting the efforts of African countries to achieve sustainable development. Despite its wealth of natural and human resources, Africa as a whole has not yet participated successfully in, or benefited from, ongoing processes of globalization. The report stresses that sustained growth in Africa will be possible only if the African people become empowered in the process of development. It recommends a participatory strategy aimed at improved governance, the mobilization of both financial and non-financial resources, and innovative partnerships. The report also examines the broad theme of improving economic governance at the national, regional and international levels, and reviews specific issues related to the work of the Committee for Development Policy regarding the status of the least developed countries. In order to improve governance at both national and global levels, it is recommended, in particular, that governments and relevant institutions ensure transparency of governance; fiscal transparency; a stable economic and regulatory environment; and the sound management of resources.

            Contact: Anatoly Smyshlyaev, Development Policy Analysis Division, Tel. (212) 963-4687, E-mail: smyshlyaev@un.org

DESA Discussion paper No. 17
(ST/ESA/2001/DP.17)
http://www.un.org/esa/papers.htm

Pingfan Hong, Global Implications of the U.S. Trade Deficit Adjustment  

            Rebalancing the large U.S. trade deficits could take different paths. Based on model simulations, the paper shows that if rebalancing is based solely on a sharp cut in the U.S. domestic demand, a recession will be inevitable for the U.S. economy, and the adverse impact for the global economy will be substantial. On the other hand, if the adjustment relies mainly on an increase in demand from the rest of the world, the impact on the U.S. economy would be minimal. But it seems unfeasible for the rest of the world to boost demand, enough to eliminate the large deficits of the United States in the short- to medium-term. A feasible and benign adjustment therefore has to be a gradual process through both reducing the U.S. domestic demand and increasing demand from the rest of the world. The challenge for policymakers worldwide is to maneuver such a smooth adjustment.

            Contact: Pingfan Hong, Development Policy Analysis Division, Tel. (212) 963- 4701, E-mail: hong@un.org

Statistics

Monthly Bulleting of Statistics
http://esa.un.org/unsd/mbs/

ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Q/343
Vol. LV – No. 7
July 2001
           

Special features in this issue:  World shipbuilding; World exports by provenance and destination; Total exports and imports, index numbers of quantum, unit value and terms of trade by regions; Civil aviation traffic, passenger-km and cargo net ton-km. 

ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Q/344
Vol. LV – No. 8
August 2001  

Special features in this issue:  Index numbers of world industrial production, by branches of industry and by regions; Construction of new buildings; Earnings in manufacturing; Index numbers of producers prices and wholesale prices.

Contact:  Gloria Cuaycong, Statistics Division, Tel. (212) 963-4865, Fax: (212) 963-0623, E-mail: cuaycong@un.org

Handbook on Population and Housing Census Editing
ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F/82
Sales No. 00.XVII.9 

            The United Nations has issued a series of international recommendations on population and housing censuses under the title Principles and recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses and that are widely used by national statistical offices and census officials in countries throughout the world to plan and organize and conduct their censuses.  The recommendations are also useful for other related data collection activities, particularly demographic and socio-economic surveys.  These publications are usually supplemented by handbooks, which discuss particular topics or phases of a census operation in detail.  The handbooks in general are more detailed guidance on the content of censuses.  This Handbook is one of a series, which are currently being prepared to assist countries in preparing for the 2000 round of censuses. 

Contact: Yacob Zewoldi, Statistics Division, Tel. (212) 963-0445, E-mail: zewoldi@un.org

Population and Vital Statistics Report
ST/ESA/STAT/SER.A/218

Series A Vol.LIII, No.3, Data available as of 1 July 2001 

            This issue of the Population and Vital Statistics Report presents 2000 and 2001 estimates of world and continental population, as well as corresponding 2000 estimates for 229 countries or areas of the world, which are listed separately in the Report.  Also shown for each country or area are the results of the latest nation-wide census of population (total, male and female) and, wherever possible, nationally representative statistics of live births, deaths and infant deaths (deaths under one year of age) for the most recent year available.  If a nation-wide population census has never been taken, but a sample survey has, the survey results are shown in the “Latest population census” column until census data become available.

            This issue of the Population and Vital Statistics Report supersedes all previous issues, and the data contained in it are themselves subject to future revision.  For more detailed data and data relating to years not shown here, readers should consult the Demographic Yearbook.

Contact: Yacob Zewoldi, Statistics Division, Tel. (212) 963-0445, E-mail: zewoldi@un.org

World Statistics Pocketbook
ST/ESA/STAT/SER.V/21
Sales No. E.01.XVII.6 

            This handy international statistical pocketbook provides a compilation of basic economic, social and environmental indicators for 209 countries and areas world-wide.  It covers 57 key indicators in the areas of population, economic activity, labour force, agriculture, industry, energy, international trade, transport, communications, gender, education and environment, based on over 20 international statistical sources.  The layout provides an easy-to-view comprehensive statistical profile of each country or area; and the notes on sources and definitions on indicators provide a valuable guide for further research by the in-depth user of these statistics. 

            Contact: Robert Mayo, Statistics Division, Tel. (212) 963-4559, E-mail: mayo@un.org

Population
http://www.un.org/esa/population/

Proceedings of the Expert Group Meeting on Policy Responses to Population Ageing and Population Decline (New York, 16-18 October 2000)
ESA/P/WP.168

 

Social Development

Report on the World Social Situation
ST/ESA/277
Sales No. 01.IV.5

            See feature above

Advancement of Women

An Assessment of Gender Mainstreaming in UNDP-funded Governance and Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa  

A French version of the book "An Assessment of Gender Mainstreaming in UNDP funded governance and poverty alleviation programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa" , along with an information kit in English and French will be published by the Division for the Advancement of Women in October 2001.   This publication was originally released in English in March 2001.

            Contact: Tsu-wei Chang, GASU/DAW, Tel. (212) 963-8370, E-mail: changt@un.org OR Fatiha Serour, Tel. (212) 963-8379, E-mail: serour@un.org
 

MEETINGS HELD


Update on Forests
http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/forests.htm

The following three items cover recent international activity on Forests

Forum on Forests 2 Bureau
Preparation for the 2nd session
San Jose, Costa Rica, 25 September  

After a long night of negotiation during UNFF 1 (11-23 June), the Bureau for UNFF 2 was elected on 23 June. The elected Bureau members are: Mr. Knut Øistad (Norway) (chairperson), Mr. Ositaadinma Anaedu (Nigeria), Ms. Ana Patricia Chaves (Costa Rica), and Mr. Alexey Kornienko (Russian Federation), Mr. Hossein Moeini Meybodi (Islamic Republic of Iran).

           The Bureau met to discuss the preparation for the second session of the UNFF in San José, Costa Rica, 4–15 March, 2002.

Collaborative Partnership on Forest (CPF)
Rome, Italy, 6-7 August
 

The members of the CPF met in Rome, Italy, to discuss the outcome of UNFF1 and next steps for the partnership. Most CPF members were able to attend the meeting. Shortly prior to the CPF meeting, the Secretariat of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) joined the CPF. Its membership was highly welcomed by all other CPF organizations.

           The decisions from UNFF 1, called for specific action by the CPF and its member organizations, including a progress report on how the CPF’s plans to implement the IPF/IFF proposals for action and support UNFF deliberations.

      The CPF’s contribution to the UNFF was one of the major issues that the CPF members discussed during the meeting. In this regard, the CPF decided to develop and present a framework for the CPF’s contribution to the work of the UNFF, particularly to UNFF 2. This framework would detail the CPF member’s support to the MYPOW, Plan of Action and monitoring, assessment and reporting of the UNFF, as well as success criteria. 

            The CPF meeting also addressed the issue of a lead-agency system, similar to the practice during Inter-agency Task Force on Forests (ITFF). It was decided that the term “focal agency” be used instead to reflect equal partnership and shared responsibility in facilitating and coordinating the work of the CPF on a particular issue.

International Day of the World Indigenous People
New York,9 August
 

            On 9 August the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People was observed, for the seventh time, at UN Headquarters in New York. Hundreds of Indigenous People gathered at the UN to observe the occasion. In conjunction with these celebrations, a panel and workshop was organized, which focused on the recently established Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (PFII).

              Mr. Jagmohan Maini, Coordinator and Head of the UNFF Secretariat, addressed the panel, in which he highlighted the importance of participation of Indigenous People in international deliberations on forests policy, both development and implementation, since many Indigenous People live in and around forests and are directly affected by forest policies. He further noted the new Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and stressed the importance of fostering synergies and enhancing coordination between the two bodies. Ms. Brigid Donelan, DESA, had prepared a document highlighting DESA’s work related to Indigenous People.

            For further information on the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, please consult the following website: http://www.unhchr.ch/indigenous/ind_pfii.htm

International Day of Older Persons
New York, 4 October
 

The eleventh annual commemoration of the International Day of Older Persons (4 October 2001) was organized by the NGO Committee on Ageing, New York, in collaboration with DPI and DESA

Contact: Alexandre Sidorenko, Division for Social Policy and Development, Tel. (212) 963-0500, Fax: (212) 963-0500, E-mail: sidorenko@un.org  

Consultative Meeting on the Promotion of Social Integration
New York, 1-5 October  

A consultative meeting on regional and global coordination on the promotion of social integration was held at the United Nations headquarters in New York. The meeting discussed issues related to cooperation between the regional commissions and the programmes of the Social Integration branch of the Division for Social Policy and Development.

Contact: Ghaleb Amr, Tel. (212) 963-3238, Fax: (212) 963-3062, E-mail: Ghaleb@un.org

Meeting of the Pensions and Social Insurance Program of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD)
Oxford, UK, 4-5 September
 

Mr. Larry Willmore (DPEPA) presented a paper "Universal Pensions in Low-Income Countries" to the organizing meeting of the Pensions and Social Insurance Program of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD). The IPD is led by Joe Stiglitz and Ann Florini and seeks to promote transparency and dialogue in the developing world. The Pensions and Social Insurance Program is co-chaired by Csaba Feher (Hungarian Pension Guarantee Fund) and Mike Orszag (Watson Wyatt Worldwide). The meeting was hosted by the Oxford Institute of Ageing at Worcester College, Oxford, UK. The next meeting of the Pensions and Social Insurance Program will take place early in the year 2002, in a developing country, most likely Tunisia or Turkey.

            Contact:  Larry Willmore, Tel. (212) 963-4758, E-mail: willmore@un.org
 

DESA News is produced every two months
Luciana Marulli-Koenig, Editor 
Room DC2-1770, Tel. (212) 963-3176, E-mail: esa@un.org