Transport

Over the course of the next decade, the transport sector is expected to a major force behind the growing world demand for energy, the largest source of urban air pollution alongside industry, and a profuse manufacturer of the greenhouse gasses that lead to climate change. Transport is the largest end-use of energy in developed countries, and the fastest growing energy-dependent sector in most developing countries.

Since the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, several transport policies have been adopted to mitigate harmful emissions through the use of clean fuels, vehicle emission standards, and energy efficiency. DESA is working with experts in the automotive, oil, and technology sectors to help developing countries phase out lead and reduce sulphur content in fuels, promote more stringent emission standards such as EURO3 and EURO4, and improve vehicle inspection and maintenance programmes.

DESA also publishes information on good practices for wider use by transport officials. For instance, vehicle fleets in cities around the world are converting to compressed natural gas; ethanol is being blended with gasoline; and, biodiesel is offered as a fuel alternative in many countries. Some cities are phasing out two-stroke engines, which are highly polluting, while others are engaging in integrated urban road planning, and construction of pedestrian and bicycle-friendly infrastructure to reduce motorized transport and the greenhouse gasses that go with it.

 

Case studies


  • 2006 - Projects to Reduce Emissions (PRE)
    Summary:
    The PRE programme took advantage of the Kyoto Protocol's joint implementation mechanism, encouraging the development of projects by providing a share of New Zealand's Kyoto emissions units, which ...
  • 2006 - Lower speeds at pollution hotspots
    Summary:
    One measure which is regarded in the Netherlands as a good practice is setting lower speed limits on motorways in urban areas where the air quality standards are not being met. By reducing the limi...
  • 2006 - Heavy Vehicle Fee
    Summary:
    The Heavy Vehicle Fee (HVF) is levied on heavy-duty vehicles (over 3.5 tones) in order to partially internal-ize the external costs of freight transport, to encour-age the switch of the transfer of go...
  • 2006 - Youth Bike to Raise Awareness in Europe
    Summary:
    For the past 15 years, European Youth for Action has organized an annual bike tour that runs for two months, covers 6,000 kilometres, and reaches out to thousands of individuals to talk about air poll...
  • 2006 - The European Union Biofuels Directive
    Summary:
    The EU biofuels directive, adopted in 2003, promotes the use of a minimum percentage of biofuels to be marketed and distributed in order to reduce import dependency and greenhouse gas emissions. Biodi...
  • 2006 - The Clean Air Initiative
    Summary:
    The Clean Air Initiative (CAI) advances innovative ways to improve air quality in cities by sharing knowledge and experiences and bringing together cross-cutting expertise in urban development, transp...
  • 2006 - Energie-Cities
    Summary:
    The Energie-Cities Association includes 136 members from over 21 countries including France, Germany, Great Britain, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Poland and Serbia and Montenegro. The members are ma...
  • 2006 - Climate Alliance
    Summary:
    The Climate Alliance of European Cities with Indigenous Rainforest Peoples is Europe's largest thematic network with a membership over 1300 European cities and municipalities in 14 countries. Joinin...
  • 2006 - Heavy-Duty Diesel Retrofit Demonstration Project in Mexico City (Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles
    Summary:
    Particulate emissions can be reduced by as much as 90% if vehicles and fuels are addressed simultaneously. The Mexico City diesel retrofit demonstration project has successfully installed two types o...
 

Partnerships


  • Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), The
    Lead Partner:
    The EOLSS Publishers Ltd. - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), EOLSS Joint Committee  
    Geographical Scope:
    Global 
    Summary:
    The Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), the world biggest web-based archive as transdisciplinary knowledge base of sustainable development. It is, in fact, a global partnership among thousands of scholars aimed at creating an integrated knowledge base in support of sustainable development efforts. Thus, the EOLSS Project is a project in support of all other projects related to sustainab...
  • Southern Caucus of NGOs for Sustainable Development Five Multi Regional Partnership and Policy Centers
    Lead Partner:
    Southern Caucus Of NGOs For Sustainable Development  
    Geographical Scope:
    Global 
    Summary:
    THE PARTNERSHIP SHALL: 1. Establish Five Multi Regional Centers to assist in recruitment, mobilization and development of human resources and strengthen Southern Major Group NGO Institutions on Local, National and Regional Levels and increase their Capacity to participate in and contribute to the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation Locally, Nationally and Regionally. 2 Seek resources...