The Commission on Sustainable Development and other intergovernmental bodies have noted the potential of carbon capture and storage to mitigate climate change. Carbon sequestration entails trapping the carbon dioxide produced in the combustion of fossil fuels, or from other industrial processes, and then isolating it from the atmosphere for long periods by storing it in underground geologic formations.
Because the geologic storage capacity of CO2 is hundreds of times greater than current global levels of emission, carbon sequestration could, in principle, nearly eliminate carbon dioxide emissions from industrial sources. Carbon capture and storage technology is also compatible with the existing energy infrastructure, and could therefore enable a flexible transition to a low-carbon future. The technology remains at an early stage of development, however, and further research and development, as well as a range of government support packages, are needed.
DESA provides a forum for experts from around the world to advance understanding of the potential of carbon capture and storage technology to mitigate the release of greenhouse gasses without compromising the supply of energy to meet development goals.