At the 2005 World Summit, heads of State and government resolved to further strengthen the Economic and Social Council both by enhancing its existing mandates and by entrusting it with important new functions. In particular, in paragraph 155 and 156 of the World Summit outcome document World Leaders mandated ECOSOC, inter alia :

In follow-up to the summit, the General Assembly adopted resolution 61/16 on the “Strengthening of the Economic and Social Council” on 20 November 2006, as a result of informal consultations of the Plenary under the chairmanship of H.E. Ambassador Johan C. Verbeke of Belgium and H.E. Ambassador Cheick Sidi Diarra of Mali. Five key elements of the resolution are:

Immediately following the adoption of the General Assembly resolution, ECOSOC started its consultations, on the recommendations of the General Assembly, to take up issues where immediate action is needed so as to get ready for the 2007 ECOSOC Substantive Session to be held in July in Geneva .

Against this backdrop the Council adopted decision E/2006/274 which provides further details on the modalities of involvement of ECOSOC's subsidiary machinery in the preparation of the first 2007 Annual Ministerial substantive Review (AMR) and Development Cooperation Forum (DCF). It also decided to have “The role of the UN system in promoting full and productive employment and decent work for all “ as a theme for the coordination segment.

In addition, in the near future, the Council is expected to conduct consultations on a comprehensive ECOSOC reform resolution which is expected to elaborate further on resolutions 61/16 and ECOSOC decision E/ 2006/206 regarding the adaptation of its working methods.