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SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN UGANDA

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POVERTY

Decision-Making

Strategies, policies and plans

A National Labour Policy is being prepared. Seed capital and revolving credit schemes have been introduced for the urban and rural poor. Poor communities and NGOs are involved in activities to address poverty through the Resistance Council System.

This information is based on Uganda's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997
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DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making

The Population Secretariat and the Census Office, both within the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, the Physical Planning Department in the Ministry of Lands and Housing and the Ministry of Local Government are engaged in the coordination of population, environment and development policies. The District Population Offices are responsible for the coordination of projects and programmes.

Strategies, policies and plans

A Population Policy covering environmental issues has been prepared, and an action plan developed to implement it. A National Report was forwarded to the 1994 Conference on Population and Development in Cairo. Uganda's population is growing fast and its level of morbidity and fertility are high, unevenly distributed spatially, and with sizeable inter-district migration. Population is projected to double in 28 years. Data on population issues has improved significantly in the last decade.

Major Groups

NGO coordination and a women liaison officer have been established in the Population Secretariat. NGOs receive Government support in a number of ways. For example, they pay no import taxes. The Department of Population Studies of the Makerere University is also concerned with demographic issues.

Financing

The budget for population issues has increased during the last decade. UNFPA, USAID and DANIDA support the country's population programmes, but there is still need for support in population programmes and related activities.

This information is based on Uganda's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997
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HEALTH

Decision-Making

Strategies, policies and plans

The Environmental Investment Programme covers the issue "Environmental Health and Pollution Management". The National Strategy for Children also addresses health issues.

The NRM Government manifesto stresses the importance of primary healthy care with a specific focus on:

The Action Plan on Poverty Eradication sets out the role of the health sector in addressing poverty. It strongly supports the existing focus on primary health care and especially in HIV preventive services. It recommends further consideration be given to strengthening health education efforts aimed at preventing HIV/AIDS and other major communicable diseases, the role of community health workers, assessing how user fees and prepayment schemes can be implemented without seriously undermining access of the poor, monitoring health outcomes and redefining the role of the main referral hospital.

Other human development-related initiatives which complement and form the health policy include the White Paper on Education, the National Programme of Action for Children, the Water and Sanitation Master Plan and the National Environmental Action Plan.

Challenges

The Ministry of Health has addressed immunisation coverage, nutrition, and sanitation services, and achievements have been made. There is still a lot of effort needed in all these activities whose main constraints are low funding and a low level of health education.

This information is based on Uganda's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making

The Ministry of Education and Sports is responsible for this area. It is an advisory member of the National Coordinating Mechanism for Sustainable Development. An intersectoral body has been established to deal with environmental education, comprised of the Ministry of Education and Sport, the Inspectorate Department National Curriculum Development Centre, the Makerere University, Teacher Colleges, the Uganda National Examination Board and the Wildlife Clubs of Uganda. A White Paper on Education has been prepared.

Legislation, regulations and policy instruments

Legislation has been adopted to affirm the rights of indigenous peoples:

Strategies, policies and plans

The following steps have been undertaken to foster opportunities of women:

Status

Primary school age covers the age from 6 to 12 years; secondary education covers the ages from 13 to 18 years. At the primary school level, curricula have been reviewed to address environment and development issues. A review is planned for all other levels in 1996/97. Printed material for environmental education is not being used but occasionally, audio visual tools are used, and special classes and workshops are held. Programmes are planned to address tools for environmental education. The development of teaching and learning materials and teacher training have priority in reorienting education towards sustainable development.

At all educational levels the following topics are being addressed in part: environmental health, safe drinking water, sanitation, food, ecosystems, recycling, energy saving. Environmental health and food are being fully addressed in specialized departments at university level, but there is still a need to design programmes.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

There is no pre-service training for the formal education sector, but pre-service is done in the informal sector for particular NGO programmes. A few in-service seminars are available. There is a lack of financial resources to improve training for teachers.

A National Tree Planting Campaign has been initiated, and the TV programme "Our Environment" was produced to raise public awareness on environmental issues. Main constraints to awareness raising activities are insufficient evaluation of programmes, untrained staff and financial constraints. NGOs have been involved in awareness-raising activities, for example, in Conservation Workshops.

Financing

The United Nations and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) have provided financial assistance in support of educational programmes and have contributed to capacity and institution building. Makerere University participates in international student exchange programmes and scholarships and has access to international data bases.

This information is based on Uganda's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making

Strategies, policies and plans

The National Housing Strategy was completed in 1992. A Land Tenure Policy was prepared, and services and planning have been decentralized. Capacity-building for land use planning is urgently required.

This information is based on Uganda's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

For information related to human settlements and refugees, you may access the UNHCR Country Index by clicking here:

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