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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Syria

NATURAL RESOURCE ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC


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AGRICULTURE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Agriculture, Remote Sensing, Governorates, and Irrigation, the Meteorological Center, Scientific Research Center, and the Ministries of High Education and Environment are responsible for agriculture. 

Programmes and Projects

Actions in Syria concentrate on many aspects of agriculture and, in particular, on migration from rural areas to cities.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.

For country reports on Plant Genetic Resources, click here.
To access the FAOSTAT Data Base for information by country, item, element and year, click here:
Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to link to Country and Sub-regional Information on Plant Genetic Resources of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.
Click here to go to Web Site of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, which includes information on the Codex Alimentarius and the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme.
Click here to access the Web Site of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).
Click here to access the sixteen international agricultural research centers that are members of the CGIAR.

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ATMOSPHERE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

Atmosphere issues are the responsibility of The Meteorological Center, the Ministries of Agriculture, High Education, Transport, Petroleum, Electricity, the Atomic Energy Commission, the Ministries for Foreign Affairs and for Interior Affairs, the Ports Commission, and the Ministry of Justice.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

Syria ratified the Montreal Protocol in 1989 and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on 6 January 1996. 

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.

Click here for national information from the Web site of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

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BIODIVERSITY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

Biodiversity is the responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture, Remote Sensing, Irrigation, Scientific Research Center, and the Ministries of High Education and Environment. 

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

The Convention on Biological Diversity was signed and ratified by Syria in 1995. 

Programmes and Projects

In cooperation with ACSAD and UNEP, Syria has implemented a project for setting up a national strategy for biodiversity.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.

For access to the Web Site of the Convention on Biological Diversity, click here:
For access to the Web Site of the CITES Convention, click here:
For the Web Site of the CMS Convention, click here:
For the Web Site of the Convention on the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, click here:
For the country-by-country, Man in the Biosphere On-Line Query System, click here:
Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.
Click here for the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biosafety WebPages

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DESERTIFICATION AND DROUGHT

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Agriculture, Remote Sensing, Governorates, Irrigation, the Meteorological Center, Scientific Research Center, and the Ministries of Higher Education and Environment are in charge of desertification issues. 

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

In 1995, Syria signed and ratified the International Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Drought and/or Desertification Particularly in Africa. 

Programmes and Projects

In cooperation with ACSAD and the Ministry of Agriculture, a desertification map of Syria has been drawn up, and a similar map covering the whole Arabic World will be completed by ACSAD.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.

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ENERGY

No information available.

For access to the Web Site of the Convention to Combat Desertification and Drought, click here:

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FORESTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Agriculture, Remote Sensing, Governorates, Irrigation, the Meteorological Center, Scientific Research Center, and the Ministries of Higher Education and Environment take care of forest issues. 

Programmes and Projects

Syria has a High Commission for Forestation which has an annual programme to increase the green belt to protect forests from fires, as well as awareness programmes to encourage planting.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.
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FRESHWATER

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministries of Irrigation, Health, Labour, Housing, Tourism, and Local Administration are concentrating on all activities regarding freshwater.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.
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LAND MANAGEMENT

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Agriculture, Remote Sensing, Governorates, Irrigation, the Meteorological Center, Scientific Research Center, the Ministries of High Education and Environment. 

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Syria concentrates on all activities of land management described under Agenda 21, as well as on taking into account environmental considerations during the implementation period of different activities. Activities are not permitted if they do not satisfy the two aspects of environmental protection and natural resources balance. In this context, decision-making is coordinated with the State Planning Commission.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.
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MOUNTAINS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Agriculture, Remote Sensing, Governorates, Irrigation, the Meteorological Center, Scientific Research Center, and the Ministries of High Education and Environment are in charge of Syrian actions regarding mountain development which aim at securing eco-systems information and sustainable methods for development of mountains and slopes as well as conservation of biodiversity.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.
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OCEANS AND COASTAL AREAS

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Syrian priorities regarding oceans and coasts include:


This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.

To access the Web Site of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, click here:

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TOXIC CHEMICALS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Justice, Economy, Scientific Research Center, Agriculture, Health and Industry, the Atomic Energy Commission, Customs, and the Governorates take care of toxic chemical matters. 

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Syria concentrates on securing the information and building experience, and getting benefits from UN organizations and through regional and international cooperation in addition to building human and institutional capacity through technical help from related sectors and participating in the programme of hazardous waste prevention.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.
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WASTE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

Solid Waste and Sanitation

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministries of Irrigation, Health, Labour, Housing, Tourism, and Local administration concentrate on all activities regarding solid waste problems.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.
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Hazardous Wastes

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Justice, Economy, Agriculture, the Atomic Energy Commission, Customs, Health, Governorates, Industry, and Scientific Research Center are responsible for implementing hazardous waste policy.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was signed by Syria in 1989 and ratified in 1991. 

Status

According to the latest information provided to the Basel Convention Secretariat (1996), no accidents have occurred in Syria due to the transfer or elimination of hazardous waste. 

Cooperation

Syria informed the Secretariat about its opinion on a primary study for establishing a regional center for training and technology transfer in Egypt.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.

For direct link to the Web Site of the Basel Convention, click here:

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Radioactive Wastes

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Justice, Economy, Agriculture, Atomic Energy Commission, Customs, Health, Industry, Governorates, and the Scientific Research Center participate in this area. 

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Syria's actions in this field concentrate on securing information and experience-building in addition to getting support from UN organizations and agencies and through regional and international cooperation via technical assistance.

This information is based on Syria's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.



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