Click here to go to the following issues:

Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Suriname

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SURINAME


Click here to go to these sections:

INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

A Council for the Environment will soon be established in the Cabinet of the President. It will be responsible for the development of an overall environmental policy and its integration in the national development agency. For monitoring and control of environmental parameters, an Environmental Management Agency will be established, and relevant legislation will be developed or adopted.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

A National Strategy on Biodiversity is under preparation as well as a National Environmental Action Plan, and a Methodology for Ecological Economic Zoning. 

As a result of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992 and the Summits of the Americas, Suriname is embarking on its own Sustainable Human Development Planning processes through a bottom-up and top-down approach characterized by good governance, participatory democracy, a stable economic and political environment, dynamic private and public sectors, investment in population as the most important natural resource, belief in a free market economy and trade forces and belief in safeguarding and/or improving the environment.
Within the process of participatory democracy, in which district and regional councils participate, decentralization issues, will become operational through the consensus-building technique of the holistic people-centered approach. Communities will be involved in the planning and decision-making processes with regard to the optimized integration of environmental development into the other three main aspects of the Surinamese Sustainable Human Development Model under the guidance of the Ministry of Regional Development.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

For information on Environmental Law around the World, click here:

| Suriname | All Countries | Home |

MAJOR GROUPS

WOMEN

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was signed and ratified in 1993.

Programmes and Projects

Various initiatives have been taken by the Government in cooperation with NAOS such as: the institution of the Monitoring Group for Women's Policy for the development of a policy plan, which has already been approved by the Government but not yet implemented; the establishment of the Women's Bureau at the Ministry of Internal Affairs; and writing of the National Report for Beijing.

Status

In 1992, the proportion of women to men in the Parliament was 6%. In 1996, it was 14%. Unfortunately, curricula and educational material does not yet promote gender relevant knowledge.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

For information on Women Watch in different countries, click here:

For information on national plans of action in the follow-up to the Beijing Conference, click here:

 

CHILDREN AND YOUTH

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Suriname strives to establish a process that promotes dialogue between the youth and Government at all levels and to establish mechanisms that permit youth access to information and opportunity to present their views in implementing Agenda 21. 

Status

At the moment, youth are not involved in the national development processes and mechanisms.
The four most relevant youth fora in Suriname are the Jaycees, the Youth Assembly, Nayuga and the Leo's/Rotaracts.
Youth organizations are active in Clean Up the World campaigns, and Earth Day activities are promoted by NAOS in Suriname. Youth organizations should also initiate more activities, like the Jaycees did in 1997, by organizing a national seminar called "Development Starts with a Clean Environment."

Challenges

There could be more cooperation between the Government and youth organizations. 

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

 

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

Status

Suriname has not established a process to empower indigenous people through policies and legal instruments. Indigenous people participate in national policies on an ad hoc basis.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

 

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Decision-Making: Major Group Involvement

The environmental NAOS have formed various fora such as the Platform Amazone Rainforest Suriname (PARS) and the Sustainable Farming Environmental Alliance (Milieubond). NAOS participate in national policies on an ad hoc basis.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

 

LOCAL AUTHORITIES

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Within the National Assembly, Agenda 21 may be known by title, but not by its content. However, the Government supports various national activities in line with Agenda 21 policies without their being part of a national policy on sustainable development. There are no local Agenda 21s in Suriname.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

 

WORKERS AND UNIONS

Decision-Making: Major Group Involvement

Within the Tripartite Council consisting of the representatives of the Government and employers' and employees' organizations, subjects such as safety, health, and reducing occupational accidents and injuries, etc. are broadly discussed, but not as part of an integral environmental policy network. Suriname does not have full information of the ILO Conventions.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

 

BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

The new Standard Mineral Act (1997) is the first known governmental initiative encouraging the concept of stewardship in management and use of natural resources by entrepreneurs. Two big enterprises have adopted sustainable development policies.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June l 1997.

 

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COMMUNITY

Programmes and Projects

Some efforts have been taken towards improving the exchange of knowledge and concerns between the scientific and technology community and the general public. There is a public environmental exhibition space at the University of Suriname, and the Environmental Department has been established for education, research and international cooperation purposes.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

 

FARMERS

Research and Technologies

Suriname does not yet have a tradition to promote and encourage sustainable farming practices and technologies. However, there are some encouraging initiatives such as the promotion of mixed farming systems in order to minimize the use of artificial fertilizers, and the import of organic fertilizers to which the farmers have reacted enthusiastically.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

| Suriname | All Countries | Home|

SCIENCE

No information available.

| Suriname | All Countries | Home|

INFORMATION

No information available.

| Suriname | All Countries | Home|

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Cooperation

International legal instruments relevant to sustainable development include: the Amazon Cooperation Treaty; the principles of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the Summits of the Americas; and a treaty between Suriname and Brazil concerning friendship, cooperation and commerce. The Parties will closely cooperate to create a rational strategy for the conservation of flora and fauna in the border areas.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.



| Natural Resource Aspects | Economic Aspects | Social Aspects |

| Suriname | All Countries | Home|