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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Suriname

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SURINAME

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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

No information available.

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TRADE

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

The economic policy to intensively stimulate an export-oriented production economy makes international cooperation and trade a high priority in Surname's external policy. Trade is important to the Surinamese Sustainable Human Development Model which will be operational soon. Trade will be integrated into the optimized economic, social, environmental and human development aspects of this model.

Cooperation

Suriname subscribes fully to the aims and principles of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). The Government also intensively follows the developments within other organizations such as GATT, and subscribes fully to the principles and the Plans of Action of both the Summit of the Americas held in Miami in 1994 and in Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Bolivia in 1996 respectively, which also included conclusions with regard to sustainable development and trade. Within this framework, Suriname participates in the activities of Organization of American States (OAS), Interamerican Development Bank (IDB) and Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: June 1997.

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

No information available.

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FINANCING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

Funneling financing through a proper development planning based on the Surinamese Sustainable Human Development processes is the main task of the Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation. An appropriate and stable political environment is necessary for an efficient and effective fulfilment of this task. Only in such circumstances can a suitable sustainable resources management and resource use be achieved.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

The Government is also pursuing the policy of extending and diversifying the number of donors and of providing the country with the best possible technologies available. Although financing for sustainable development is mainly provided by donors, Suriname tries to finance as much as possible through the efforts of its own population.
Donor coordination is necessary for the most efficient use of financial assistance. 

Status

Suriname is endowed with a very good natural resource base, comprising substantial bauxite reserves, extensive tropical forests, fertile soils in the coastal areas, large and mostly unexploited resources of gold, kaolin and dimension stones, and very good water and air quality.

The revenues generated by Suriname are very low at the moment, and, for the greater part, still generated by bauxite operations. Agricultural and other production-oriented activities are at a very low level. This, together with the so far heavily import-oriented economy, has limited Suriname's capacity to finance it's economic, social, human and environmental development. 

Challenges

Therefore, donor-oriented assistance is very much appreciated when Suriname is on the verge of embarking on its own Sustainable Human Development Model. In addition, development of legislation and efficient law enforcement mechanisms together with participatory democracy and a good and dynamic governance are necessary. The Government of Suriname has availed itself of the support of several donors to achieve these goals.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: June 1997.

For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility, click here:

For information about issues and projects in Latin America and the Caribbean from the World Bank, click here:

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TECHNOLOGY

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Suriname will soon embark on its own National Environmental Action plan in which recommendations for the introduction of environmentally sound technologies will be given for all relevant sectors. In addition, recommendations will be given on the organizational framework needed in order to coordinate all the activities and on the financial, technological and human resources implications. For example, a number of legal entities (now called Institutes) will be developed as soon as possible for the implementation of environmentally sound technologies, the acquisition of these technologies, the enforcement of laws, etc. In the beginning, financing will be provided by donors. Later on, as much as possible, financing will be provided by activities within the sectors in question.

While developing the Surinamese Human Development Model, the best available sustainable resources management and resource use techniques have to be introduced in order to optimize economic, social, human and environmental development.
Already within the bauxite industry, environmentally sound adaptations have been deployed, although without governmental control mechanisms.
With regard to the development of gold mining, detailed technological approaches are being scrutinized at the moment.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: June 1997.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Research and Technologies

Biotechnology in Suriname is limited to the tissue culture of bananas. Experiments have been made with the tissue culture of pineapple, mushrooms and some other crops. However, only bananas are cultured on a commercial basis by using this technique.

This information was provided by the Government of Suriname to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1997.

Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.

Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.

Click here to link to biosafety web sites in the European Union.

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INDUSTRY

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TRANSPORT

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

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