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SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SLOVENIA

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POVERTY

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations  

Poverty is not an issue of major concern. The relevant legislation in force is the law of social care and the law of guaranteed personal income.

Status   

The status of poverty is ascertainable on the basis of indicators. According to these measures, less than 0.1 % of the population in Slovenia lives in poverty. These people can request social help. In March 1995, 0.4% of employed people were getting smaller wages than those guaranteed by the law of guaranteed personal income.

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This information was provided by the Government of Slovenia to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

For the National Strategy for Economic Development, click here.
For the National Employment Office, click here.

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DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

The Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs is most directly concerned with demographic issues. In February 1993, the Slovenian Government established the National Committee for Population Policy within the Ministry. Several experts and representatives from the Ministries of: Foreign Affairs; Internal Affairs; Environment and Physical Planning, Science and Technology; Health; the Government Office for Women's Affairs; and the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia are engaged in integrated policy coordination in the field of population, environment, and development policies.  The Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs together with the National Committee for Population Policy are required to prepare an Action Programme on Population and Development. The Slovenian Government has also been involved in supporting NGO activities related to population, environment, and development.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations  

In Slovenia, 47% of the active population are women. It has become politically clear, therefore, that special measures are needed to strengthen their participation in decision-making. To meet this need, a bill of law has been submitted to parliament.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans   

No information available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement   

No information available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

In order to create awareness of the linkages between population, environment, and sustainable development, the government provides funds for NGO projects which promote environment and sustainable development issues.

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This information was provided by the Government of Slovenia to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

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HEALTH

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans 

A National Environmental Health Action Programme (NEHAP) is being prepared under the framework established by the World Health Organization's (WHO) Regional Office for Europe. This initiative has demanded the cooperation of both environment and health sectors. The National Environmental Health Action Plan will be finished by the end of 1996. Both the programme and the plan are guided by the priorities defined in the Environmental Health Action Plan for Europe (EHAPE).

Programmes and Projects   

The programme will address the following special areas of concern: a) environmental health prevention and control systems; b) "capacity building" related to the improvement of environmental health management in the context of development and implementation of the NEHAP; c) environmental health information systems; d) environmental health risk assessment; e) environment health services (including legislation and enforcement); f) professional education and training; g) environmental health research; h) public information; i) environmental health financing (economic incentives, cost-benefit analysis); and j) sharing responsibilities among different levels of authorities (for example, development of Environmental Health Action Plans by Local Authorities (LEHAPs).

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This information was provided by the Government of Slovenia to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

For the National Institute of Public Health, click here.
To access the Health for All On-Line Database (WHO): Europe and CIS countries, click here.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations  

No information available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans   

A national plan on education for sustainability is in preparation, as a part of the National Environmental Protection Programme, which will be submitted to Slovenian Parliament in 1998. United Nations agencies and organizations have supported educational programmes on environment and sustainable development by providing publications and initiating multilateral pilot projects and international conferences. The Ministry encourages partnerships, mobilizes resources, and assesses the needs of different population groups.

There are some specific policy measures and programmes geared generally toward raising the awareness of the public with regard to issues of sustainable consumption and production patterns. For example, the campaign of rational use of energy promoted by the Agency for Efficient Consumption of Energy and loans from the "Eko Fond" for environmentally friendly heating.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement   

NGOs play an important role in raising public awareness. There are about 130 non-governmental organizations in the field of environmental and nature protection. Some of them are fairly strong, influential and well-respected and are involved in a broad range of activities. Their main activities include the spreading of environmental consciousness, education and drawing attention to various problems. The Ministry of the Environment and Physical Planning partly finances them through an invitation to tender; last year, these funds amounted to DM 1.5 million. The theme of the last invitation to bid was "the promotion of sustainable management of water" - 19 projects were presented. NGOs also initiated the campaigns for an anti-nuclear power plant referendum and an anti-smoking lifestyle.

Programmes and Projects   

The Ministry of Education has established. In terms of training, members of the consultative body provide teaching subjects with environmental dimensions while the Ministry provides relevant information. Steps have been taken to foster training opportunities for women in non-traditional fields and to eliminate gender stereotyping in curricula. No pre-service and in-service training programmes concerning the nature and methods of environmental and development education are available for teachers, administrators, educational planners, and non-formal educators.

Status   

No information available.

Challenges  

No information available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

Educational reform, also concerning teaching programmes, is ongoing. There is a single national curriculum at the state level. Curricula have been reviewed and revised to address environment and development as a cross cutting issue at the college and university level. Revisions to the curricula for primary and secondary school levels, and for vocational schools are being undertaken. At the primary school and university levels, printed material related to sustainable development is often used, while in secondary and vocational schools it is used occasionally. Audio visual tools, and special classes, workshops and seminars are occasionally used in primary, secondary and vocational schools; and at the university level.

Development of new curricula, teacher training and public awareness campaigns are priority action areas for reorienting education towards sustainable development. Schools and universities are not part of any national, regional, or international network which addresses environment and development issues. At all school and university levels, the topics of "environmental health," "safe drinking water," "sanitation," "food," "ecosystems," "recycling," and "energy savings" are either fully or partially covered.

There are also innovative approaches to educate and raise awareness of families and local communities such as the "Economization on drinking water and the use of rainwater in housekeeping" - promoted by the International Consumer Research Institute (NGO). The following organizations are involved in promoting innovative education, public awareness or training activities related to sustainable development:

Information   

No information available.

Research and Technologies   

No information available.

Financing   

No information available.

Cooperation  

No information available.

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This information was provided by the Government of Slovenia to the 5th and 6th Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 June 1998.

Republic of Slovenia
To access the Ministry of Education and Sport, click here.

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations  

Slovenia has adopted new social legislation and established an inter-ministerial national council for population policy. Legislation on spatial planning is being prepared to serve as the basis for new national and local plans. Slovenia also prepared a National Report on Human Settlements, using a 20 year timeframe, as a contribution to the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) held in June 1996.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement   

After the adoption of Agenda 21, NGO activities sharply increased. More than 80 groups existed in 1995. These institutions are involved in solving actual environmental problems, including spatial ones. 

Information   

In 1995, under the auspices of the Slovenian Foundation for Sustainable Development (UMANOTERRA), Agenda 21 for Slovenia was published following two national and four regional Workshops. The document was prepared to encourage public debates and civil initiatives to tackle sustainability goals. Policy related to Agenda 21 projects for sustainable settlements (Chapter 7) and local communities (Chapter 28) is prepared with 51 NGO's taking part. Partial financing is provided by the Ministry of the Environment which also supports the purchase of literature, text books, and video presentations.

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This information was provided by the Government of Slovenia to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

For information related to human settlements and refugees, you may access the UNHCR Country Index by clicking here.
Click here to access "BEST PRACTICES FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS"


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