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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Saudi Arbia

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SAUDI ARABIA

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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

No information is available.

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TRADE

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

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FINANCING

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For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility, click here:
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TECHNOLOGY

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BIOTECHNOLOGY

No information is available.

Click here for the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biosafety WebPages
Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.

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INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

The Ministry of Industry and Electricity is primarily concerned with the comprehensive industrial development of Saudi Arabia and the proper geographical location of industries in all provinces in a way that give due consideration to environmental aspects.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans   

Within the framework of a national strategy, plants are gradually stopping the use of certain ozone-depleting chemicals such as the chlorofluorcarbons (CFCs) and are shifting to the use of substitute materials in application of the frame of action of the Montreal Protocol and the requirements of Agenda 21.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available

Status   

Jubail and Yanbu, which accommodate the basic Saudi industries, were successfully nominated and won the Sasakawa Environmental Prize, which is annually granted by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the most prestigious international prize honouring environmental achievement. The sustainable approach to development taken in these cities was done under the responsibility of the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu and under the direct supervision of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.

The most outstanding industrial cities are Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Makkah, Qassim and Hassa in addition to Jubail and Yanbu. These cities have been established to the highest standards worldwide. Instances of sophistication achieved could be seen in the construction of industrial waste water treatment plants, tree-planting and landscaping.

The establishment of the industrial cities is geared to the objective of integrating local industries and the benefit of recycling certain wastes, and, thus, reducing environmental impacts of the industrial processes together with utilizing treated waste water for cooling, industrial uses and for irrigation of green areas.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information 

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

New plants with potential impact on the environment are obligated to conduct studies on environmental impact assessment in adherence with Agenda 21. Certain plants have adopted the principle of clean production, for example, the companies of SABIC (Saudi Arabian Basic Industries Corporation) and those of other basic industries. Plans are in place to achieve this objective. Plants dispose of hazardous waste through environmentally-qualified companies, into specialized waste disposal dumps. One such company, approved by the Administration (MEPA), is establishing an incinerator for hazardous waste for the disposal of factory-produced hazardous waste that cannot be disposed of in the hazardous waste dump. This incinerator is still at the experimental stage.

Financing 

No information is available

Cooperation

No information is available

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Saudi Arabia to the 5th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1997.

For information on Industrial Cities, click here.
For information on the economy and industry, click here.

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TRANSPORT

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

Coordination for transport in Saudi Arabia is with various Ministries which include:

Air Transport:               

Ministry of Defense (Civil Aviation), Saudia Airlines.

Intercity (between cities) Road and Ring Road Systems:        

The Ministry of Communications (MOC).            

Traffic Safety:           

The Ministries of: Interior (General Directorate of Traffic Police); Communications; Interior; and Municipality and Rural affairs (MOMRA).

Traffic Management:

The Ministry of Interior

Intracity (within city zone) Road System and Urban planning:          

The Ministry of Municipality and Rural affairs (MOMRA)

Railway Planning:        

The Ministry of Communications (MOC)

Railway Operation and management: 

Saudi Railway Organization (SRO)

Maritime Planning:        

The Ministry of Communications (MOC)

Maritime Operation and Management:            

Saudi Seaports Organization

Ministries and Central Gov. agencies undertake decision-making and planning on the National level. Certain decisions are delegated to local authorities according to the task and role of this authority.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations  

One of the roles for the Ministry of Commutations MOC is to maintain road standards.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans   

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement   

The Private Sector participates through circulation of proposed laws to key players in the public and the private sectors.  Through public-private joint committees private sector participates in discussing issues and study recommendations.

Population groups that have the greatest needs for improved transport system include:

Programmes and Projects 

Status 

The use of unleaded gasoline has been implemented starting from the beginning of 2001.

Challenges

The most immediate attention in improving transport efficiency and reducing damages to ecosystems in Saudi Arabia should focus on:

Major challenges include:

The economic or social sector which is most vulnerable in terms of the harmful consequences of ill-managed transport and traffic systems are:

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

Saudi Arabia promotes public awareness of the impact of transport on the environment through Conferences and Media coverage.  The following measures are used to educate the public on traffic safety.

Each Gov. agency has its own training and human resource programs, which include on-the-job training, local and international training, and higher degrees and educational programs.

Information   

Each Gov. agency has its own database and Information available through studies and reports.

The Saudi Government (MOC) is undertaking major studies concerning the expansion of the Saudi railway network, and developing the national highway system.

Research and Technologies   

Some of the ITS technologies are being considered.

Financing  

Measures or mechanisms introduced in Saudi Arabia to increase the volume of investment in transport sector include:

Cooperation

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Saudi Arabia to the 9th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update:  May 2001.

For information on transportation and communication in Saudi Arabia, click here.

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

No information is available.


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