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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Qatar

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN QATAR

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International Cooperation

Trade

Changing Consumption Patterns

Financing Technology

Industry

Transport

Sustainable Tourism

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

No information is available.

 

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TRADE

No information is available.

 

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

Industrialization of Qatar has improved the country's standard of living. Import of technology has brought about rapid changes in lifestyles. While this has made consumer goods easily available, it has taken place at a cost to the environment, particularly the attendant wastage, both at the manufacturers and also at the consumers end. These include excessive consumption of plastics, metals, glass, paper and other items which are littered and ultimately find their way to the dumpsites. Awareness of these problems can certainly improve the situation. Special emphasis needs to be given in building awareness in children, the decision- makers of tomorrow.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Qatar to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: June 1997.

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FINANCING

No information is available.

 

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For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility, click here:

For information about issues and projects in Middle East and North Africa from the World Bank, click here:

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TECHNOLOGY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

With the objective of importing the appropriate technology, a policy has been laid down for environmental impact assessment of new industries and major infrastructure projects.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

Qatar is at the cross-roads of economic development. Rational development and use of natural resources is the basis for any sustainable development programme. This is applicable for industrial processes and as well as in the daily consumption patterns and habits of citizens. Developed countries have already gone through the learning curve and their focus is on conservation. The technology which would be used should primarily be state of the art, low or no waste technology (LNWT). Large automobiles of the fifties and sixties have been replaced by highly efficient vehicles with high compression engines. The current trend is the development of automobiles on energy sources which are both renewable and also less polluting.

The requirements of Qatar in the future, therefore, are evident: selection of appropriate technology and conservation of natural resources. The implementation of environmental policies has to be done one step at a time in an economy in transition. The objective would be to have a good environment using the latest trends in science and technology. Just as the economic benefits are distributed among the State, local bodies, industry and individuals, so must the objective of sustainable development be met through the joint effort of all the entities. The formulation of policies is a function of the State and these have to be such as to promote economic and social development in order to hand down a clean environment to future generations.

Qatar plans to promote clean technologies in the future by establishing a link to international databases, and encouraging local colleges and universities to conduct research and development projects, in relation to environmental issues specific to the nation's industries and ecosystems.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Qatar to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update:June 1997.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

No information is available.

 

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Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.
Click here to link to biosafety web sites in the European Union.

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INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

It has been recognized that combating industrial pollution requires the establishment of a government institution to spearhead, coordinate and implement the government policies as regards to environmental protection from the ills of industrial pollution. To discharge that responsibility, 1994 saw the creation of the Environment Department within the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture. The main functions of the Department have been stipulated in Law 20 of 1993. Among the duties and the mandated functions of the Department are the following:

An Environmental Technical Committee comprising all the major industrial companies and the Environment Department has been formed. The main objective of the Committee is to provide a discussion forum for the evaluation of the environmental protection legislation and attendant regulations. Most companies are keen to participate and collaborate with the regulatory authorities.

Environmental impact assessment studies have been conducted for all new major industrial installations since 1992.

Futher plans include, among other things, the preparation of industrial zoning guidelines to make use of the diluting capacity of the atmosphere; the preparation of plans for water management policy, e.g. sharing of a common industrial waste treatment plant when clusters of industrial facilities are located and the promotion of the creation of green belts in and around industrial facilities; and preparation of guidelines and codes of practice for light industries.

Environmental protection legislation is in circulation and may be promulgated in the near future. Environmental impact assessment procedures are being set, and this will be succeeded by a ministerial decree to be effective and applicable to all concerned projects. Waste management legislation for the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes has also been prepared. This is required by the Basel Convention which Qatar has ratified.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

See under Decision Making: Coordinating Bodies.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

See under Decision Making: Coordinating Bodies.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

The availability of raw materials, a cheap labor force, and an increased demand for oil/gas derived products led to the diversification of the industrial sector in the 1970s. These years saw the establishment of petrochemical, fertilizer, iron and steel, cement and gas liquefaction plants. Although it was obvious at that time that these industries may result in the generation of water and air pollutants, solid and hazardous wastes, their environmental impacts were not fully considered . The philosophy was one of producing more products with lesser concern to pollution.

Following the Earth Summit in 1992, the majority of the local industries are becoming aware of the need to protect the environment. The efforts exerted in this regard vary in degree and intensity from one company to another. Some of the companies are adopting management systems and environmental policies of continual improvement. Some of these management systems are based on the International Environmental Rating System. The ultimate aim of these efforts is to obtain ISO certification.

Among the future plans in Qatar is one to divide industries into prescribed and non-prescribed processes depending on their size and the quantity of emissions and discharges that they can produce, if operated uncontrolled. The operators of prescribed process would then be required to eliminate or render harmless the substances that may cause pollution to the environment whether that is to air, water or land. To discharge this requirement, these installations would be required to have a "permit" to operate. This will serve as a compliance enforcing mechanism. Non-prescribed processes which are mainly of light industry type will be given guidance to reduce the environmental impacts by following strict codes of practices and guidelines.

The Environment Department also plans to prepare lists of potentially polluting industries that should operate with a permit.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

Most companies are taking the responsibility of providing employee training programs on environmental issues. Some have already implemented in-house training sessions for their line management and are planning to take it down to the lower levels of their operational hierarchy.

All major companies have formed environmental protection sections or departments to look after and assess the environmental impacts of their operations.

There is still a lack of strong institutional capability of the environment department, due to its recent formation and resources. The Environment Department is in its infancy and is building up its institutional capabilities. Other constraints include a lack of national infrastructure for the treatment and disposal of industrial wastes and insufficient awareness of the environmental effects of the production processes.

Among Qatar's future plans are the following: mandate waste minimization audits to be conducted by the existing prescribed industries to help identify the best possible ways and methods to maximize resource usage and reduce discharge of pollutants to the environmental media; institutionalize the requirement of operating permits; and collaborate and induce other government institutions to build the required infrastructure such as engineered landfills, wastewater treatment works, and so forth.

Information

The Environment Department has created a Geographic Information System database of the local industries. The database features the pollution point sources and associated pollution loads. Specifications for air quality monitoring stations have been prepared and are awaiting approval. These stations will be fixed at strategic sites to represent the impacts of the traffic movement and industrial installations. This will help assess the quality of air in the country. A survey of the marine environment for heavy metals and hydrocarbons at selected sites in the coastal areas is being carried out by the Department in collaboration with the Marine Science Department of the University of Qatar, and a national report on Ozone Depleting Substances has been prepared. The national consumption of these substances is determined to be below 0.3 kg/ca/year and, thus Qatar is assessed to be an "Article Five country".

Qatar's future plans include the installation of air quality monitoring stations in urban and industrial areas; mandated environmental status reports as a part of the annual report of all companies; and a requirement that industry periodically report its self-monitoring activities to the environment department.

Research and Technologies  

Qatar plans to promote clean technologies by establishing a link to international databases, and encouraging local colleges and universities to conduct research and development projects, in relation to environmental issues specific to the nation's industries and ecosystems.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Qatar to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: June 1997.

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TRANSPORT

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

Large automobiles of the fifties and sixties have been replaced by highly efficient vehicles with high compression engines. The current trend is the development of automobiles on energy sources which are both renewable and also less polluting.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available. 

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Qatar to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: June 1997.

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

No information is available.

 

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