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INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN POLAND


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INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The forum for policy coordination is provided by: both parliamentary chambers and environmental protection commissions; the Council of Ministers; the Council of Ministers' Economic Committee; the Council of Ministers' Socioeconomic Committee; the Commission for Sustainable Development; bilateral agreements with the Minister of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry; and an interdepartmental circular.

The Committee for Sustainable and Regional Development of the Board of Ministers is the new permanent Committee of the Government, replacing, and upgrading the political level of the former Commission on Sustainable Development, which existed since 1994. The new Committee was established in June 1997 by a decision of the Prime Minister. The Chair is the Deputy Prime Minister and the membership consists of full Ministers or Heads of Central Administration Offices at the level of the Secretary of State. Deputy Prime Minister, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior and Administration, Prime Minister Cancellary, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry, Ministry of National Education, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Production, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of National Treasury, Ministry of Labour, Ministry of European Integration Office, Central Statistical Office, Committee for Scientific Research, Central Office for Housing and Settlement Policy, Central Bureau for Strategic Studies, Central Office for Sport and Tourism. The heads of territorial State Administration Offices (Voivodes) have rights to attend the meetings as well as heads of State Police, State Fire Brigades, State Sanitary Inspectorate, State Inspectorate of Environmental Protection, National Bank of Poland, Central Court of Auditors, etc. on invitation of Prime Minister. There are no para-statal bodies and institutions or non-govenrmental organizations involved in this Committe. Given the law, the permanent Board of Ministers' committees membership is restricted to the Members of this Board except of invited experts, depending on agenda. There is a plan to establish a permanent advisory body for sustainable development consisting of academic society, outstanding scientists, business representatives, Parliament Members, local authorities, leaders of trade unions, leaders of non-governmental organisations.

The detaield mandate of this Committee is still to be outlined however it is expected to undertake the main functions of the previous Commission and more. That Commission's main task was venturing opinion on government documents, and sectoral policies and strategies from the point of view of long term strategies and programmes of sustainable development. The Commission had been addressing key problems of economic development in Poland, inter alia, agricultural policies together with the Government policy on agro-industries, transportation policies, chemical industries, cooperation of Poland with programmes and organizations of the UN system, etc.

The main governmental agency in charge of environmental protection and management is the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry. Its duties include formulation and implementation of the State environment policy, developing regulations on environmental protection which include environmental quality standards and control of pollutant emissions into the environment, and supervision over subordinate services.

The Minister of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry controls the State Environmental Protection Inspectorate which is in charge of ecological law enforcement, and research on the environmental status at the National level (environmental monitoring) and the regional level (voivodships-provinces). From their control, the Inspection's organs may impose a duty to undertake action targeted at removing the causes of harmful impacts on the environment, pay fines, or stop the activity resulting in the infringement of environmental protection regulations. At the regional level, the Environmental Protection Sections (State administration agencies) are competent to issue permits for the use of the environment and to authorize emissions through licensing, collect charges for the use of the environment, and exercise supervision over the forest economy and the activities for environmental protection.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The priority in Poland is the harmonization of ecological law and the decision-making process, regulated by the legal provisions of the European Union's law. Sustainable development policy and strategy are the subject of special attention by the Polish Parliament which every three years reviews its results.

The Law on Spatial Management, 1994, identifies sustainable development as the basis for spatial management, and executive acts ensure the application of this principle in practice.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The Sejm (Parliament's lower chamber) resolution on sustainable development policy of January 19, 1995 has introduced the duty to coordinate all sectorial policies with the National Environmental Policy.

A multi-disciplinary approach integrating social, economic and environmental aspects to national development policies, strategies and plans require good personal ability and education of relevant personnel as well as establishment of multi-sectoral teams to resolve specific problems is required for integrating sustainable development principles into national development plans. In the new structure of central administration each office has to have a sectoral policy department (i.e. Department of Environmental Policy) for meeting this particular requirement. The basic documents have to be circulated for opinions to other sectors, and, when necessary, publicly discussed. It is planned to introduce the obligatory EIA schedule for each sectoral development programme.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

Poland endorses partnership-based actions for permanent and sustainable development at all management and decision-making levels (central, regional, and local) in cooperation with financial institutions and non-governmental organizations. This is appropriate because environmental protection and development costs are borne by society at large. However, the decision-making level depends on its complexity. Decisions on policy and strategy are undertaken at the central level where they affect the entire country, or at the regional level if they pertain to specific regions of Poland. The decisions concerning towns and communities are undertaken by the local (territorial) self-government authorities.

At the local self-government (territorial) administration level, local physical development plans are being prepared and approved, which require studies concerning sustainable development to determine the impact and effects of the plan on the natural environment. Also, decisions are made on the need for an environmental impact assessment related to new investment. The assessment covers land management issues, the management of municipal water supply, sewage treatment, waste management, nature conservation, and the observance of environmental protection regulations. An important role in implementation of the sustainable development policy has been assigned to the regional water management boards responsible for drawing up water management and protection programs within a catchment system. The major groups involved in promoting integrated decision making include: Parliamentary deputies, territorial self-government council members, scientific workers, and non-governmental organizations.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

National Decision-Making Structure

1. National Sustainable Development Coordination Body: YES
2. National Sustainable Development Policy: YES
3. National Agenda 21/other strategy for SD: YES
4. Local/Regional Agenda(s) 21: SOME
5. Environmental Impact Assessment Law: YES
6. Major Groups involved in Sustainable Development Decision-Making: YES

National Instruments and Programmes

1. Sustainable. Dev. or environmental education incorporated into school curricula: YES
2. Sustainable Development Indicators Program: IN PROCESS
3. Ecolabel Regulations: IN PROCESS
4. Recycle/Reuse Programs: YES
5. Green Accounting Program: NO
6. Access to Internet: YES
7. Access to World Wide Web: YES
8. A national World Wide Web Site for Sustainable Dev. or State of the Environment: YES

Policies, Programmes, and Legislation

Does your country have either a policy, programme, and/or legislation consistent with Agenda 21 in:  
1. Combatting poverty: YES
2. Changing consumption and production patterns: IN PROCESS
3. Atmosphere: YES
4. Land Use Planning: YES
5. Forest and Deforestation: YES
6. Desertification and Drought: NO
7. Sustainable Mountain Development: YES
8. Sustainable Agriculture: YES
9. Biological Diversity: YES
10. Biotechnology: YES
11. Oceans and Coastal Areas: YES
12. Freshwater Management: YES
13. Toxic Chemicals: YES
14. Hazardous Wastes: YES
15. Solid Wastes: YES
16. Radioactive Wastes: YES
17. Energy: YES
18. Transport: YES
19. Sustainable Tourism: IN PROCESS

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

All the final United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) documents have been translated and disseminated to popularize the Conference's accomplishments and to facilitate action. At the expense of the Sustainable Development Council, which operated within the President of the Republic's office until 1995, materials were published recommending sustainable development policies at the communal level. This action assumed quite big proportions. At the end of 1994, the Senate (Polish Parliament's upper branch) organized a meeting with representatives of the scientific milieu and non-governmental organizations on the "Evaluation of the National Environmental Policy" in the context of the "Strategy for Poland". The meeting examined the extent to which sustainable development rules were reflected in the basic document dealing with the operations of the Government of the Republic until the year 2000. A great many conferences, seminars, training, and other meetings have been organized in various milieus, including high (secondary) school teachers, promoting the sustainable development philosophy. The primary capacity building/technology issue in Poland relates to the creation of prospective energy related technologies.

In the context of the reform of Poland's central administration a new office, the Central Bureau for Strategic Studies, was recently established replacing the former Central Planning Office with extended TOR and modernized infrastructure. Its mandate includes dealing with capacity-building issues.

Capacity-building principles are applied in almost each sectoral and cross-sectoral programme so as to to up-grade the effectiveness of implementation. This approach was initiated within the first stages of the EU PHARE Environmental Sector Programme using technical assistance provided by European Union. One of the four components of the Poland - Environmental Management Programme was capacity-building for the effective management of environmental resources at the national, regional and local levels, financed by a World Bank loan. The relevant experiences and capacity" having been received within the first international technical assistance programmes allow the replication of this approach in national programmes. The major tools for implementation seem to be education, information for decision-making, public participation and science.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

Poland has signed 35 international conventions most of which have been ratified. In the last few years, Poland has concluded mutually advantageous bilateral agreements with our direct and indirect neighbours in the field of environmental protection. This has made regional cooperation particularly constructive and fruitful. Poland, together with the bordering countries of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, and Russia, has been implementing a number of joint projects. The country participates in regional projects such as the Baltic Sea protection, the protection of Europe's Green Lungs, the Eastern Carpathians, the Lower Oder, the Black Triangle, and the Silesian-Orava region. The Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry cooperates actively in the implementation of Agenda 21, other United Nations sustainable development programmes, the Council of Europe's work, the Central European Initiative, the European Union, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and international financial institutions.

 

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997 & 1998. Last Update: 10 March 1998.

For legal acts pertaining to environmental protection, click here.
To access the Web Site of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Resources and Forestry, click here.
To access the Polish Institute of Environmental Protection, click here.
For Poland's State of the Enviroment Report, click here.
For the UNDP Human Development Report for Poland, click here.
To access the UNDP office in Poland, click here.
For information on Environmental Law around the World, click here:

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MAJOR GROUPS

WOMEN

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

In 1996, the National Action Programme for Women up to the year 2000 was developed in accordance with Polish conditions. The Action Programme also takes into account the final document of the UN Forth World Conference on Women, the objectives given in the Polish Report to this Conference, and the recommendations for an action programme considered as the most important by the Council of Ministers.

Policies, guidelines, strategies, and plans for the achievement of equality in all aspects of society have been drawn up and completed. Mechanisms are being developed to assess the implementation and impact of development and environment policies and programmes on women.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

From 1992 to 1996, the percentage of women in government increased from 4.7% to 4.8%, in parliament their percentage increased from 9.1% to 13.0%, and at the local government level it increased from 11.0% to 13.2%. Curricula and educational material have not been revised yet to promote dissemination of gender-relevant knowledge.

Challenges

There is no system of institutions to examine the situation of women in society, policy, and the economy. This is primarily due to the fact that there is no discrimination of women in work, access to science, or posts. In the future, research institutions will include the assessment of adopted strategy and its impact on the role of women.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

For ten years, the Plenipotentiary of Government on Family and Women has formally applied to the Ministry of National Education with a proposal to correct the school handbooks according to the requirements of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Non-Governmental organizations have reviewed information covered in handbooks for primary school classes I-IV. Training materials which aim to increase awareness on women's matters and protect them are being issued in a non-institutionalized way, sporadically and occasionally.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

In Poland, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was signed on 29th May 1980 and ratified on 30th July 1980.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

For information on WomenWatch in different countries, click here:
For information on national plans of action in the follow-up to the Beijing Conference, click here:

 

CHILDREN AND YOUTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

The four most important youth fora promoting dialogue between youth and government on sustainable development are: the Green Federation; the Inter-university Environmental Lobby; the Scout Movement for Environmental Protection of Saint Francis; and the League of Nature Conservation. These organizations participate on an ad-hoc basis in the National process. The goal to ensure that by year 2000 more than 50% of youth, gender balanced, have access to appropriate secondary education or vocational training has been reached.

Programmes and Projects 

The government undertakes measures to limit and eliminate causes of unemployment of youth. The programme Promotion of youth professional activity concentrates on the approximation of youth education to the needs of the labour market; and assisting youth in making decisions on education and employment. The so-called prize for activity programme is addressed to young people finishing schools, giving financial support to activities which increase their chances for employment. Under the Settlement Program, addressed especially to agricultural school graduates, the establishment of large family farms on uncultivated lands is recognized. In December 1992, 867,700 persons of age 15 to 24 were unemployed (34.6% of the total unemployed). In 1996, 819,900 persons of this age group were unemployed (32.7% of the total unemployed).

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

The Polish Strategy for Environmental Education, which is now being evaluated, anticipates during the course of general education in primary and secondary schools the separation of three interdisciplinary paths: education for health, social education, and environmental education. One of the basic targets of the strategy is to create a National information system on the state of the environment available for the entire society, and to create methodology and information centres for non-governmental organizations.

Youth, through non-governmental organizations, participate in preparing opinions on drafts of strategies or programmes. Environmental education of youth takes place mostly through informal education. For children and youth, various types of events are being organized (environmental knowledge contests, Earth Day activities, Cleaning of the World campaigns); and educational TV programmes, publications, and educational inserts in newspapers regarding the state and protection of the environment are being prepared. The 1992 ordinance of the Ministry of National Education allows the creation of environmental profiles in secondary schools. The 1993 ordinance introduced "protection and management of the environment" as an obligatory subject in professional schools.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

In Poland, the problem of ethnic groups is marginal, although there are minorities which are treated in accordance with international law (own schooling, representation in Parliament, etc.). Indigenous people participate on an ad hoc basis in National policies. Policies and legal instruments are not in place to empower indigenous people and their communities. However, mechanisms for their involvement in resource management strategies and programmes at the National and local level are being discussed.

A few dozen years of the centralized management system resulted in the social disintegration of communities and aversion to undertaking common activities. A formal basis to overcome these barriers no longer exists, but the process of organizing local societies will be long-lasting. In the improvement and sustainable development of human settlement, the necessity of introducing conditions for the enlargement of the role of local societies in creating and implementing development policies and programmes is being emphasized, and concrete solutions are being proposed.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

Mechanisms that allow non-Governmental organizations (NGOs) to play their partnership role in sustainable development responsibly and effectively already exist. Further mechanisms are planned for 1998. NGO inputs are rated important in Poland.

NGOs participate in the process of assessment of draft strategies, programmes, and policies. The development of a system of constant cooperation between the government and the environmental movement (and to solve legal, organizational, and financial problems) is ongoing. An outline of such a system is being worked out by the group of authors in a report entitled "Co-operation between Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry and non-governmental environmental organizations". Supervision of this initiative is performed by a mixed commission consisting of the Ministry of the Environment and NGOs representatives. The extent of the project has not yet been determined, but it is postulated to establish cooperation at all levels of the State administration. The Government cooperates with NGOs in the field of social services through the Regional Centres of Support for Non-Governmental Organizations.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

LOCAL AUTHORITIES

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

The Government plans to support local agenda 21 initiatives. During recent years, some activities have been undertaken to propagate the idea of establishing local Agendas 21s. There are at least 11 local Agenda 21s currently operating in Poland.

In 1993, local authorities received information on how to prepare sustainable development programmes for districts. In 1994, under the protectorate of President Lech Walesa, the Office of the President and provincial offices organized a contest for the best environmental community in Poland in order to stimulate social activity for sustainable development. In 1995, the "Methodological guidelines and directions for elaborating provincial programs for environmental protection" were prepared by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry, with sustainable development as the guiding principle. The document includes guidelines for government administrations to prepare provincial programmes of environmental protection till the year 2001 at least.

However, the actions to create sustainable development programmes for communities in Poland are initiated exclusively by local authorities, supported by Polish and foreign non-governmental organizations. The first attempts of establishing local Agenda 21s were started in the Katowice agglomeration (13 districts), in seven provinces of the Pomeranian region (8 districts), in Radom and Elk, Warsaw, and the Jelenia Góra voivodship.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

WORKERS AND TRADE UNIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Poland has ratified the following International Labour Organization (ILO) Conventions to involve trade unions and employers in the process of trilateral dialogue: Convention on freedom of unions and protection of union rights (Convention No 87); Convention on applying rules of the right to organized and collective negotiations (Convention No 98); and Convention on trilateral consultations in the scope of putting into force the international standards on work (Convention No 144).

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

Different forms of social dialogue of trilateral organizations, involving trade unions and employers in the process of social and economic decision making, are becoming more common. In the framework of these consultations, decisions regarding the work environment, workers training, social services, and environmental protection are being made. However, workers do not yet participate in National Agenda 21 discussions or implementation.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

During recent years the number of accidents at work has decreased. The number of accidents causing heavy injuries has decreased significantly, while the number of light injuries has increased. It is increasingly common for workers to participate in various types of courses and training to upgrade their qualifications.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

In Poland, there are governmental policies which encourage increasing the efficiency of resource use, including reuse, recycling, and reduction of waste per unit of economic output.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

Actions taken to encourage the concept of stewardship in management and use of natural resources by entrepreneurs include:

Status 

The number of enterprises accepting and implementing sustainable development policy has increased. Three big enterprises and a few small and medium sized enterprises have adopted such policies. During the five years under the framework of the Polish-Norwegian program of Cleaner Production, 435 pilot projects have been carried out and implemented. In 1996, during the Second National Assembly of the Cleaner Production Movement, 63 enterprises obtained "Certificates of cleaner production".

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COMMUNITY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

In Poland, the scientific community is involved in the formal and informal education of society. The Federation of Scientific and Technical Associations and the Polish Centre of Cleaner Production conduct the Polish-Norwegian Program of Cleaner Production. Since 1991, 27 training editions have been carried out, preparing engineers to develop and implement projects leading to waste minimization in production.

There is some effort to improve the exchange of knowledge and concerns between the science and technology community and the general public through the implementation of courses and training; participation in meetings, conferences, and symposia; and the edition of publications. Training for teachers from primary and other schools is being organized. Scientific personnel participate in meetings with representatives of youth and local authorities. The idea of sustainable development is being promoted through press articles and publications, for example "Rio: beginning of the environmental era - Earth Summit", and "Earth Summit, Global Action Programme".

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

FARMERS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The Act on Agricultural Chambers creates the opportunity for the rank-and-file organizations of the agricultural community to find common solutions to economic and professional problems. The tasks of agricultural chambers at the provincial level include: apply with initiatives regarding legal regulations to government administrations and local authority bodies, advise within the sphere of agricultural activity, undertake actions in favour of the development of agricultural infrastructure and improvement of the agrarian structure, lead actions in favour of increasing the quality of equipment and chemicals, improvement of work and safety conditions in agriculture, cooperate with agricultural schools, initiate changes in educational programmes and co-organize training practices, promote awareness of agricultural producers, and act to promote the improvement of the quality of agricultural products. Certain measures, for example access to low rate credit, are being undertaken to promote environmental farms.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

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SCIENCE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

In Poland, a resolution of Parliament on sustainable development policy (1995) and a parliamentary debate on this resolution identified the necessity to: establish an effective system to support science for sustainable development, introduce competitive elements to scientific studies, and design activities for environmental protection.

In the draft of a new Act on Protection and Management of the Environment, introduction of new economic instruments is assumed, which will impact production and consumption patterns. A concept of entering product fees and environmental deposits is developed. Implementation of new instruments and mechanisms is preceded with research analyses ordered by the Minister of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry and conducted by sectoral research institutes and universities.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The National Environmental Policy (1991) includes scientific research as one of the tools of environmental policy, implemented through:

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

Until 1997 in the working framework of the National Commission on Sustainable Development, was the mechanism that facilitated dialogue among the scientific community, the Government and the public at large. The body integrating the scientific community and the government is the Co-ordination Board on Research Programs under the auspices of the Minister of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry and the State Board for Environmental Protection.

Representatives of the scientific community actively participate in various commissions, committees and councils, initiative and advisory bodies for the state administration e.g.:

- the Environmental Impact Assessment Commission,
- the State Board for Environmental Protection,
- the State Board for Nature Conservation,
- the Co-ordination Council on Research Programs, i.e. bodies acting under the supervision or care of the Minister of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

In terms of enhancing scientific understanding, the following proposed trends have been taken into consideration: studies and forecast regarding social and economic processes, with regard to interaction of market mechanisms and policy of the state; scientific studies regarding information and monitoring systems for the needs of physical management, management of natural resources and fixed assets, environmental protection, public administration, statistics and science; and initiating and supporting research preceding current needs, preventing threats for society and the State resulting from international obligations. Proposed trends in the improvement of scientific interpretations include: development of information infrastructure and National databases; and development of activities concerning electronic systems of collection, processing, transmission, and making information available with particular regard to network systems, using complex transmission of data. The following preferred trends are significant to the improvement of long-term predictions: studies on long-term concepts of the development of the country using simulation models, with consideration to external and internal circumstances; scientific studies important for the development of the country, especially in the long-term perspective, and development of activities in the field of forecasting economic development, energy needs, and requirements of environmental protection; and scientific studies regarding strategic planning and management in the context of global challenges and development conditions. In terms of building capacity and capability of science, the preferred trends are: scientific studies on the scientific, technical, and innovation policy of the State; concepts of modern education for Polish society from the point of view of evolution of its structure and awareness; and financing investments connected with priority studies, as well as with international cooperation.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

The Committee of Scientific Research identified the preferred directions of research and implements the principles of scientific policy determined in two documents that have been accepted by the Council of Ministers; namely Assumptions of Scientific and Technical Policy of the State (1993), and Preferable Trends for Scientific Studies and Development Activities to Increase the Innovation Potential of the Polish Economy (1996). Environmental protection found its privileged place in both documents, and the trends formulated are compatible with the guidelines of Agenda 21, especially covering the tasks of science for sustainable development, enumerated in the four points of chapter 35.

Research and Technologies 

Support is given to scientific studies related to the environment and aimed at the promotion of knowledge in this field. General support will also be granted to basic research on the most environmentally degraded areas, the restoration of the environmental balance in degraded areas, reclamation, the protection of nature particularly in forests, and regional studies.

Research on environmental protection is conducted in six state scientific institutions and experimental units supervised by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry. These are: the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, the Institute of Environmental Protection, the State Geological Institute, the Research Institute of Forestry, the Institute of Ecology of Industrial Areas, and the Experimental Centre of Geological Technology. Furthermore, there are entities of other sectors conducting large scale research on environmental protection including: the Polish Academy of Science: the Institute of Ecology, the Nature Protection Institute, the Institute of Environmental Engineering, the International Centre for Ecology; the Institute of Waste Management, universities, the Experimental Centre for Urban Ecology, and the Experimental Centre for Municipal Management.

Financing 

Financing of scientific research and studies on environmental protection primarily comes from the following sources: the Committee of Scientific Research (CSR), ministerial sources, the National Fund of Environmental Protection and Water Management (NFEPWM), the State Forest Farm "State Forests", territorial organs of state and local administration, and numerous foundations, associations and enterprises. The estimated share of particular sources in financing of scientific research and studies on environmental protection: CSR 55-56% (statutory activity 25-35%, research projects 25-35%, general activity about 6%); ministerial sources about 10%; NFEPWM about 15%; and "State Forests" about 2-4%. It is estimated that about 80% of the studies on environmental protection are financed by the State budget. The Committee of Scientific Research, established by law in 1992, administers budgetary funds. In 1996, funds administrated by CSR included: for protection of the environment about 60 million PLN (financing or co-financing of statutory activity of scientific and experimental units and research conducted by universities); financing of research projects (grants) about 37 million PLN; research on seas and climate change (financing of polar station's research ships) about 5 million PLN; and Resources of the National Fund of Environmental Protection and Water Management allocated to scientific works and experiments 10 million PLN.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997 & 1998. Last Update: 10 March 1998.

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INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

The availability and quality of sustainable development information at the national level can be summarized as follows:

Agenda 21 Chapters

Very good

Good

Some good data but many gaps

Poor

Remarks

2. International cooperation and trade  

X

     
3. Combating poverty      

X

 
4. Changing consumption patterns  

X

     
5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability

X

       
6. Human health    

X

   
7. Human settlements

X

X

     
8. Integrating E & D in decision-making    

X

   
9. Protection of the atmosphere  

X

     
10. Integrated planning and management of land resources  

X

     
11. Combating deforestation  

X

     
12. Combating desertification and drought    

X

   
13. Sustainable mountain development      

X

 
14. Sustainable agriculture and rural development    

X

   
15. Conservation of biological diversity      

X

 
16. Biotechnology      

X

 
17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources  

X

     
18. Freshwater resources  

X

     
19. Toxic chemicals    

X

   
20. Hazardous wastes    

X

   
21. Solid wastes    

X

   
22. Radioactive wastes  

X

     
24. Women in sustainable development  

X

     
25. Children and youth  

X

     
26. Indigenous people  

X

     
27. Non-governmental organizations  

X

     
28. Local authorities    

X

   
29. Workers and trade unions  

X

     
30. Business and industry  

X

     
31. Scientific and technological community    

X

   
32. Farmers    

X

   
33. Financial resources and mechanisms    

X

   
34. Technology, cooperation and capacity-building      

X

 
35. Science for sustainable development  

X

     
36. Education, public awareness and training  

X

     
37. International cooperation for capacity-building    

X

   
38. International institutional arrangements    

X

   
39. International legal instruments  

X

     
40. Information for decision-making          

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

For the Central Statistical Office in Poland, click here.
To access the Sustainable Development Networking Programme in Poland, click here.

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INTERNATIONAL LAW

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Poland signed in Rio de Janeiro the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity. Poland ratified both Conventions and became a member in 1994 and 1996 respectively. Delegations from Poland actively participated in the dialogue and negotiation process, together with other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, the Group of 77, and China. Furthermore, thanks to the stimulating debates in the last sessions of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), Poland became a party to all other international conventions, particularly regional ones, in the wide inter-sectoral field of sustainable development.

A listing of other major agreements and conventions entered into by Poland and relevant to Agenda 21 includes:

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Poland to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.



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