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INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES


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INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

A mechanism to ensure integration of sustainable development in local plans, programs and projects is through the localization of PA 21. In this regard, the PCSD has been supporting local initiatives on the creation of local councils through technical assistance and trainings. To date, 16 local units have already been established, 11 of which are at the regional level, 4 at the provincial level and one at the municipal level.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

In implementing its commitment at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), the Philippines has began the process of integrating Agenda 21 principles into its development plans, programs, and budgets at the national, regional, and local levels. To assist this progress, the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD) has coordinated the integration of a number of priority actions into the country's Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan (MTPDP), 1993-1998. Moreover, a memorandum order was issued by the President to ensure the integration of sustainable development concerns in local plans and programs of the Government. 

A development vision and framework for the 21st Century has been formulated under the Long-Term Philippine Development Plan (LTPDP), 2000-2025 or Plan 21. The LTPDP framework recognizes that the new millennium will increasingly call for economic development to become less ecologically destructive. Plan 21 builds on the solid foundations created by the MTPDP. Plan 21 sets the broad developmental directions of the country and will serve as the basis for the detailed plans of the sector agencies. It ensures the continuation of policies based on self-responsibility, productivity, creation of opportunities through competitive markets and enlightened government regulation.

The Philippines has also established a national Agenda 21 called the Philippine Agenda 21, or PA 21. It provides for the creation of an enabling environment which would assist various stakeholders to integrate sustainable development in their decision-making processes. One of the strategies adopted is the institutionalization of the system of Environmental and Natural Resources Accounting (ENRA). This is a management tool for integrating environment and the economy. Various initiatives are currently underway to consider and adequately value natural capital and environmental services in socio-economic decisions as well as the establishment of a reliable database on the valuation estimates of environmental services.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

A resolution recognizing and advocating the leading participation of NGOs and POs in the implementation of development programs and projects has been passed. The other major groups of society, for example women, youth, indigenous peoples, and communities, have been recognized as equal partners in shaping, crafting, and implementing development programs. They participate in all stages of development.

The business sector continues to be involved in a number of programs to ensure that environmental considerations are integrated in their activities. For instance, under a project entitled, Private Sector Participation in Managing the Environment (PRIME), an effort is being made to formulate a Business Agenda 21, pilot test market-based instruments (MBIs) in selected industries and ensuring compliance to Environmental Management Systems (EMS).

Programmes and Projects 

Government agencies recognize the crucial role of sustainable development and have taken initiatives to align existing policies, programs, projects and other activities with Philippine Agenda 21 (PA 21). Thus, incentives are given to projects that are involved in: (a) the development or conversion of industrial clusters into industrial ecosystems; (b) industry self-regulation/upgrading at plant/firm level; (c) the establishment of toxic and hazardous wastes merchant facilities; (d) the establishment of new or expansion, rehabilitation, modernization of sewage systems for industrial/municipal wastes; (e) the restoration, rehabilitation of major water catchment basins/waterways and related infrastructure; and (f) the establishment of stationary and mobile facilities for emission testing.

A number of programs which aim to integrate environment and development in the decision-making process have also been implemented by the Philippine Government, for example, Integrated Environmental Management for Sustainable Development (IEMSD) and Capacity Building in Support of the PCSD Project. The Capacity Building in Support element of the PCSD Project, for example, has been instrumental in the formulation of the Philippine Agenda 21 and in pursuing advocacy efforts for sustainable development.

In particular, the IEMSD Programme was implemented to support efforts in the integration of the environment in decision-making, proper pricing of natural resources, and strengthening of people's participation and constituency-building for environmental policy advocacy. The IEMSD has six (6) sub-programmes, namely: a) Environment and Natural Resources Accounting (ENRA); b) Integration of Environmental and Socio-Economic Development Policies (SEI); c) Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA); d) Sustainable Development Models (SDM); e) Environment and Natural Resource (ENR) Database (DBAS); and f) Programme Management Support System (PMSS).

Under the IEMSD Programme, the following major activities have been undertaken: a) development of a comprehensive operational framework for the Philippine System of Economic and Environmental Accounts; b) formulation of sustainable development indicators; c) incorporation of environmental concerns in the project evaluation process; d) development of an action impact matrix which identifies priority areas of study on environment-economy integration; e) strengthening of the EIA system; f) reformulation of guidelines for the implementation of the Environmental Guarantee Fund; g) preparation of an EIA Procedural Handbook; h) development of environmental risk assessment software; and i) documentation of sustainable development projects.

Continuously being implemented is EO No. 291 entitled "Improving the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System" which aims to integrate EIS system early into the project development cycle. It also encourages the establishment of environmental units (EUs) in all implementing agencies of government, including government -owned-and-controlled corporations and government financial institutions, particularly those whose mandates include the introduction of physical plants and infrastructure. To date, 12 government agencies have already established EUs in their institutions. Thus, ensuring a balance between socioeconomic growth and environmental protection in the implementation of programs and projects.

Another innovation in integrating sustainable development (SD) in governance is to implement the "Environmental Intelligence Quotient Scheme (EIQS). The EIQS will integrate environmental and SD aptitude test in the examination administered by the Philippines' Civil Service Commission (CSC) and Career Executive Service Board (CESB) for career service officers and other government personnel. An Environment and Natural Resources Network (ENR Net) has also been set-up to provide information on SD and environment.

In addition to these initiatives, the integration of SD principles into budgetary guidelines is being pursued. The Department of Budget and Management (DBM), the lead agency in the integration process, is currently developing a general framework for integrating SD principles and parameters in the budgetary process in coordination with the PCSD Committee on Socio-Economic Dimensions. With the institutionalization of the system, public sector spending may be made more in line with the goals of SD.

Status   

No information is available.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1998.

For access to the National Economic and Development Authority, including the Philippine Agenda 21, click here:
For access to the Philippine Environment and Natural Resources Directory, click here.
For access to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, click here.
For information on National Development Goals, click here.
For the Philippines' Capacity 21 programme, click here.
For information on Environmental Law around the World, click here:

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MAJOR GROUPS

Women

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

President Fidel V. Ramos issued a number of directives to further promote empowerment of women and address their concerns during the 1993 Women's Day Celebration in Malacañang Palace. These included the following: a) implementation of the Government Agencies of Republic Act (R.A) 7192, also known as Women in Development and Nation Building Act, and its implementing rules and regulations; b) the formulation of strategies to incorporate the Act in the government budget; and c) the identification of priority areas where Women's Desks in police stations may be established or implemented to enable law enforcement agencies to provide greater protection to women and, at the same time, making government programs for women accessible to them.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available.

Status 

The proportion of women decision makers in parliament and local government was respectively 16.7% and 9.7 % in 1992. Curricula and educational material already promote gender relevant knowledge. Policies and strategies to achieve equality in all aspects of society, including issuing a strategy by year 2000 to eliminate obstacles to full participation of women in sustainable development, have been established. Mechanisms are in place to assess the implementation and impact of development and environment policies and programmes on women.

In addition to the above initiatives, the country participated in the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China from 4-15 September 1995. The conference, which was attended by 17,000 representatives from different countries, aimed to secure the commitment of the participants to ensure that the equal rights of men and women are realized in their respective countries.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was ratified by the Philippines in 1987.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

For access to the Committee on Women of the House of Representatives, Philippine Congress, click here.
For information on WomenWatch in different countries, click here:
For information on national plans of action in the follow-up to the Beijing Conference, click here.

 

Children and Youth

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvementt   

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects   

In the Philippines, a number of initiatives and efforts have been implemented to integrate the concerns of children and youth in the Government's planning and decision-making process. The Capacity 21 Project has linked several government agencies (such as the Department of Education, Culture and Sports, the Department of Social Welfare and Development, the National Economic and Development Authority, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources) with several youth organizations from PO and NGOs in the preparation of the Philippine Agenda 21.

Status 

A Committee was formed to plan and set directions for the conduct of the Youth Conference for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century. The conference aimed at involving and consulting youth representatives from different sectors and localities for the formulation of the Philippine Agenda 21. The youth representatives are thus full participants in the National process of moving towards sustainable development.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

Other accomplishments of the youth sector include the creation of the National Youth Commission (NYC), the Philippine Youth Environmental Network, and the establishment of "Sangguniang Kabataan" (Youth Council) in local communities to promote awareness, participation, and environmental concerns in advocacy, environmental protection, and conservation initiatives.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

Indigenous People

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Several indigenous POs and NGOs are recognized and allowed to participate in various levels of policy and planning processes related to government programs and projects as provided in the Local Government Code of 1991. The National Integrated Protected Areas Act enhances the role of indigenous communities in the management of identified protected areas in the country. Executive Order Number 263, signed on July 19 1995, institutionalized both community based forest management as a resource management approach and the indispensable role of the indigenous community in forest conservation, extraction, and protection. The issuance of Certificates of Ancestral Domain Claim has strengthened the tenurial claim of the indigenous community to their land.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

The empowerment of indigenous people and their communities in sustainable development through policies and legal instruments has been established. Indigenous people participate fully in appropriate National processes, while they are fully involved in resource management strategies and programs.

Programmes and Projects 

Participation of the indigenous community in almost all levels of the project cycle and in almost all projects undertaken in their area of concern is ensured by various directives and promulgations issued by the Government. Foremost among these are: a) the recognition of their right for self-determination through the creation of the Office of Southern Cultural Communities and the Office of Northern Cultural Communities; and b) their active participation in various committees and sub-committees of the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD).

Status   

No information is available.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

Non-Governmental Organizations

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

In the Philippines, mechanisms already exist that allow NGOs to play their partnership role in sustainable development responsibly and effectively. NGOs are participating fully and their inputs are important.

There have already been a number of collaborative efforts between POs and NGOs on sustainable development. To ensure active participation from the civil society in the decision making process towards sustainable development, representatives from POs and NGOs sit in as members of the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development and in several foreign assisted projects on the environment (that is, Protected Areas Projects).

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available.

Status   

No information is available.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

Local Authorities

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The current drive to localize the Philippine Agenda 21 (PA 21) evolves around information and education, creation of local structures, and organizations and mobilization of resources. A set of localization guidelines was drafted and subsequently adopted. The localization guidelines focus on the strengthening of local capabilities and intensifying participation towards the harmonization of regional localization strategies and realization of sustainable development.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

Devolution and decentralization of sustainable development initiatives have placed the local government units (LGU) in the forefront of the development process. A local Government Academy has been established to train local government officials and develop them into a core of competent and dedicated executives to promote and support the government thrust towards poverty eradication, social reform, and sustainable development. Moreover, the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) has issued a memorandum which primarily aims to designate a focal person in local government offices to ensure that sustainable development concerns are integrated into the local planning process. The Local Government Authority (LGA) has been instrumental in providing LGUs assistance to enable them to develop their capability towards sustainable development.

The local councils' structures and mechanisms were established based on the respective needs and political dynamics in the regions and provinces. A number of regional councils were created as a committee under the Regional Development Council. Other provincial city and municipal structures for SD are separate and distinct bodies created solely for the purpose of implementing SD initiatives.  The dynamic collaboration of sectors and stakeholders at the local level provides a venue for these structures to continually adopt to the growing needs of the localization process. 

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status

At the present, there are 16 local councils for sustainable development (LCDS) established nationwide, including the following: Bulacan CSD, Caraga RCSD,Central Luzon CSD, Central Visayas CSD, Eastern Visayas RCSD, Marinduque CSD, Palawan CSD, Quirino CSD, RCSD for Central Minanao, RCSD V, RCSD XI, Region 1 CSD, Region 9 CSD, Region 10 TWG on SD, San Jose CSD and Western Bisayas CSD.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

The LGA undertook a nationwide training on the integration of PA 21 with other governmental initiatives. The training addressed the need to integrate sustainable development (SD) and PA 21 with development programs of the government at the local levels. These local CDS are presently engaged in building awareness and capacity towards actualization of SD at their level.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1998.

Workers and Trade Unions

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies     

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

In the Philippines, workers take some part in National Agenda 21 (PA 21) discussions and implementation. With the recent inclusion of the labour sector as a member of the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD), it is expected that its involvement and participation in sustainable development initiatives will be intensified. As member-representative to the PCSD, the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines and the Labor Advisory and Consultative Council are coordinating trade union activities related to sustainable development. Several trade unions have already included the "Green Clause" in their Collective Bargaining Agreements.

Programmes and Projects   

The labour sector participated in a series of discussions related to the formulation of the PA 21. Similarly, the sector contributed to the conduct of the "Gathering for Human and Ecological Security", a conference which served as a venue for sharing experiences and developing consensus on the new ethic for human and ecological security.

Status   

No information is available.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

Business and Industry

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies     

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

The involvement of the business sector in sustainable development initiatives came with the formulation of the Philippine Business Charter and the launching of the bi-monthly news magazine "Business and Environment". The sector also participated in the consultation program for the Major Groups Committee supported by the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 1995 and provided inputs to the formulation of the Philippines Agenda 21 (PA 21). The sector has engaged in the promotion of sustainable development practices and other activities to advance environmental awareness. The sector is moreover a signatory to the "People's Covenant Towards a Transition to Sustainable Development" which formalizes the commitment of all stakeholders to the implementation of PA 21.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

The role of business and the industry in the pursuit of sustainable development is expected to strengthen with its recent inclusion as a member of the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD). It should be noted, however, that this sector engaged in several contributory activities before its membership in the PCSD. These included the implementation of the Environmental Information Center for Business and Industry, and the conduct of environment related campaigns (that is, the campaign on toxic and hazardous waste management, anti-smoke belching campaign). In the Philippines, there are government policies to encourage increasing the efficiency of resource use and reduction of waste per unit of economic output. There are also governmental policies requiring recycling.

The business sector has undertaken an assessment of its compliance with the principles of sustainable development. The Management Association of the Philippines (MAP), a confederation of business institutions in the country, conducted a discussion on the role of the business sector in advancing the goals and objectives of PA 21/SD in the agenda of the business sector. In coordination with other organizations, the MAP conducted an orientation workshop on Corporate Strategies in the Environment Age. This provided an opportunity for multinational and local firms in environmental management to help accelerate the adoption of effective environmental management systems.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

See under Decision-Making: Major Group involvement.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

Scientific and Technical Community

No information is available.

* * *

 

FARMERS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

In view of the inclusion of the farmer's group in the Philippines Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD) as a permanent representative from PO, the sector is given an equal chance to participate in the decision-making process of the government on sustainable development. The sector is involved in a series of consultations related to the formulation of the Philippines Agenda 21 (PA 21) and has been actively participating in the activity of the PCSD.

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

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SCIENCE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The environmental agenda was enhanced through the creation of an Environmental Research and Development Program Committee that facilitates the development of a more systematic and solid program. 

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The implementation of the Science and Technology Agenda for National Development (STAND), with the broad objective of ensuring global excellence and people empowerment, is a primary initiative undertaken in the Philippines to reinforce the role of science and technology in sustainable development. Other activities include the assessment of research needs and priorities, and the development of tools for the implementation of sustainable development initiatives. Research and development efforts are directed towards the promotion of export winners and environmentally acceptable products. Basic human needs like food, health, housing, nutrition, disaster and hazard mitigation, energy, and telecommunications receive priority in research and technology development.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

The initiatives undertaken which support sustainable development-oriented activities include the development of new and innovative mechanisms for public participation in various R&D strategic alliances, action networks, core groups and round table discussions. The research programs would develop, adopt and promote appropriate technologies on sustainable agriculture, promotion of chemical-free agriculture, environment-friendly biological control techniques, organic farming and rapid composting technology.

Status 

Efforts to protect coral reefs, mangroves and seagrass include marine biological and oceanographic surveys, including the establishment of permanent stations and a monitoring system. Carrying capacity studies and the development of databases are being carried out as well. Efforts towards the rehabilitation and assessment of several rivers have been undertaken. Geological studies on the appropriate location of solid waste management sites, including the identification of geohazards and potential waste sources is expected to be completed by 1998.

There is the development of ecotourism as a tool for biodiversity conservation in the Subic forest. Efforts to mainstream indigenous knowledge systems through the documentation of different plants used are also underway and propagated by the indigenous peoples (IPs) to sustain their livelihood and cultural activities are being conducted.

Challenges  

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information   

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1998.

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INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

To popularize the Philippine Agenda 21 (PA 21) principles and strategies, the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD), through its Subcommittee on Information and Education, took the initiative in the areas of print and broadcast media. 

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

Major stakeholders such as environment and planning officers, Local Government Units (LGUs) and NGOs participated in briefings, educational symposia and training -seminars on PA 21 in general and on specific topics such as community-based forest management, land use planning, environmental impact assessment, and other related tools and concepts to build capacities for SD advocacy and to enable them to mainstream SD principles in their respective line of work. A Speakers' Bureau was established and is composed of a SD advocates who will showcase sustainable development as the focus of national development.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

The availability and quality of sustainable development information at the national level can be summarized as follows:

 
Agenda 21 Chapters Very good Good Some good data but many gaps Poor Remarks
2. International cooperation and trade
X
3. Combating poverty
X
4. Changing consumption patterns
X
5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability
X
6. Human health
X
7. Human settlements
X
8. Integrating E & D in decision-making
X
9. Protection of the atmosphere
X
10. Integrated planning and management of land resources
X
11. Combating deforestation
X
12. Combating desertification and drought
X
13. Sustainable mountain development
X
14. Sustainable agriculture and rural development
15. Conservation of biological diversity
X
16. Biotechnology
X
17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources
X
18. Freshwater resources
X
19. Toxic chemicals
X
20. Hazardous wastes
X
21. Solid wastes
X
22. Radioactive wastes
X
24. Women in sustainable development
X
25. Children and youth
X
26. Indigenous people
X
27. Non-governmental organizations
X
28. Local authorities
X
29. Workers and trade unions
X
30. Business and industry
X
31. Scientific and technological community
X
32. Farmers
X
33. Financial resources and mechanisms
X
34. Technology, cooperation and capacity-building
X
35. Science for sustainable development
X
36. Education, public awareness and training
X
37. International cooperation for capacity-building
X
38. International institutional arrangements
X
39. International legal instruments
X
40. Information for decision-making
X

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

The realm of print media witnessed the birth of a PA 21 primer and poster in English. Materials are distributed to PCSD member agencies who, in turn, disseminate copies to their stakeholders and local counterparts. Training-seminars, briefings and workshops are also venues for dissemination of materials. Local dialect versions are currently in the development stage, including a PA 21 Popular Book Version.

A monthly media forum entitled "Talakayan Kalikasan" provides the opportunity to discuss sustainable development (SD) related issues. Radio plugs and guests on local stations were initiated to popularize PA 21 principles in daily living. For example, Channel 21, a local television network, allotted a weekly one-hour slot for SD-related films and documentaries. A PA 21 video was also developed to showcase SD principles through three local stories that embody such principles. The video is used by PCSD officials, regional focal persons and the secretariat during briefings on PA 21.

Information 

A study commissioned to review existing literature on Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) and to formulate a framework for a system of SDIs for the Philippines to aid in the monitoring of compliance with PA 21 has recently been completed.  Indicators compiled from the study include those for economic welfare, ecosystem (forest/upland, agricultural/lowland, urban, coastal/marine, and freshwater), critical resources (mines/minerals and biodiversity) and critical issues related to manufacturing, energy, science, technology and global climate change. The criteria used in the section of SDIs include usefulness in policy and decision-making, feasibility, cost effectiveness, accuracy, reliability, timeliness and validity.

Indicators suggested in the study are limited to those based on readily available data or data which the researchers feel should be part of the regular monitoring process of the government. Given the comprehensive list of indicators compiled in the study, the proposed set of indicators will still have to be further evaluated and screened in order to determine a core set of indicators. Auspiciously, the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) is also implementing a work program to develop SDIs. To promote the work program of the UNCSD, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) is undertaking a project called "Capacity Building for the Application of Sustainable Development Indicators in Asia and the Pacific." Part of the ESCAP Project is the "National Testing of SD Indicators" which will be implemented in several countries including the Philippines.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing   

No information is available.

Cooperation  

No information is available.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of Philippines to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1998.

For the Philippines's national Sustainable Development Networking Programme, click here.
For statistical information from the National Statistical Coordination Board, click here.
For the National Statistical Office, click here.
Click here for the Philippine Government's Information-Link Home Page
For UNDP's Sustainable Development Networking Programme, click here.

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INTERNATIONAL LAW

No information is available.

* * *



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