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SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE NETHERLANDS

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POVERTY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

In November 1995, the Government of the Netherlands launched a national campaign based on the 'Poverty Memorandum'. This Memorandum is part of the Netherlands' strategy to implement the Copenhagen Declaration (Social Summit 1995). The Memorandum gives a wide range of measures to combat poverty, by stimulating participation, providing income support, limiting fixed costs and reducing the number of people who fail to take up their entitlements to social benefits. These measures are currently being implemented. A special system will be set up to monitor the extent of poverty in The Netherlands, based on indicators for poverty and social exclusion. This system will include statistics on the number of minimum-income households, their specifics and financial trends, the health of their members and the participation of people in this category both in education and in society.

An annual conference on poverty and social exclusion will be held for the next five years. The purpose of this conference is to focus political attention on poverty and to encourage the various parties concerned - central government, municipal authorities, care services, social partners and interest groups - to join forces. The first of these conferences was held in October 1996.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on The Netherlands's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997.

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DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The Ministry for Education, Culture and Science and the Ministry for Health, Welfare and Sport are primarily concerned with demographic issues. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is also involved.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Although there is no national policy on population, environment and development, the Ministry of Finance has adopted an integrated approach to these topics.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

The Netherlands supports the following NGOs and women's organizations that strengthen the position of women in the field of population and development: International Planned Parenthood Federation, the Population Council, International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Platform for Cairo, National Commission for international cooperation and Sustainable Development, WEMOS. The Platform for Cairo organized a number of seminars, conferences, public events and media activities. The World Population Foundation (Laren, The Netherlands) is particularly active on these issues in a number of its media and information programmes. Women have been involved in decision-making on this topic and support has been given to women's NGOs.

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation

The Netherlands is a major donor to UNFPA and is actively involved in multilateral and bilateral cooperation.

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This information is based on The Netherlands's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Developmen. Last update: 1 April 1997.

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HEALTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The protection of public health is one of the basic elements of environmental policy in the Netherlands. The need to approach the environment from a public health perspective is a result of the increasing visibility of the cumulative pressure placed on the environment by human activity.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

Although the effects of pollution on public health are difficult to quantify, there is evidence that the health of the Dutch population is at risk as a result of exposure to noise, odor, and pollution of the air and water. Combating pollution at the source is an efficient way of creating a sustainable environment and, at the same time, safeguarding public health. The government has initiated two research programmes to tackle health problems in the near future. The "Mens en Lucht" (People and Air) programme will assess the health risks associated with air pollution, while the "Mens in Milieu" (People and Environment) programme will examine the health risks resulting from cumulative pollution of the environment. Public information campaigns to warn of health risks of pollution will also be increased.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

Environment and public health is also a vital part of the government's policy in development cooperation. Water is the crucial theme in this respect, since in developing countries it is often in short supply, badly polluted or a carrier of disease. The Netherlands plays an active role in the WHO, helping to develop environmental indicators relating to public health and advocating the incorporation of Agenda 21 in concrete projects.

 

 

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This information is based on The Netherlands's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997

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Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The following are primarily responsible for activities under this chapter: the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, the Ministry of Public Works and Water Management and the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries. The advisory and consultative body includes representatives from these ministries and from three others. They form their own consultative structure of interministerial project and steering groups responsible for policy.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

A National Education Strategy has been prepared to help promote the reorientation of education towards sustainable development. The Ministries involved encourage partnerships, mobilize resources, provide information and assess the needs of different population groups. At all educational levels, curricula have been reviewed and revised to address environment and development as a cross-cutting issue.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

Major Groups are not members of an education coordinating body. They may ask for subsidies, and their applications and project activities are discussed in the advisory body. It is becoming regular governmental policy in education to foster opportunities for women in non-traditional fields. Programmes and projects have been established for this. NGOs participate in a national network addressing environment and development in education.

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status 

No information is available

Challenges

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

The GLOBE-programme (Global learning observation to benefit the environment) has been established to raise awareness in the public on environment and development issues.

Schools are involved in a national network with NGOs and teacher training centres addressing environment and development issues. There are pre-service and in-service training programmes for teachers in all sectors concerning the nature and methods of environmental and development education. Further training for vocational education teachers is envisaged.

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

 

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This information is based on The Netherlands's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997.

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Sustainable building must be an integral part of a process of physical planning based on the economical use of space, the preservation of the natural environment and a minimum use of raw materials and energy. The economical use of space contributes to nature conservation and releases land for purposes other than housing. For these reasons, environmental and planning policies are closely coordinated in the Netherlands.

The Structure Plan for Surface Mining - a basic planning document - outlines national policy on construction materials for the building industry. This policy is based on the principles of sustainable development and demands careful stock management. The policy objectives presented in the structure plan include the economical use of raw materials; the responsible reuse of waste products as secondary base materials; and the policy to promote the use of renewable materials, especially when wood is used as building material.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available

Status 

In the civil engineering sector, emphasis is on the use of secondary materials, since the sector uses a large quantity of raw materials (more than 95%) and reuse would have considerable positive effects on the environment. These secondary materials include aggregates of building and demolition waste and of residue from industrial processes, waste incineration and energy generation. Building projects devote increased attention to minimizing energy use in the home, improving insulation, making optimal use of solar energy, using water more economically, employing recycled materials, avoiding the use of tropical hardwood that has not been sustainably produced and reducing emissions in heat generation. These elements are all being incorporated into pilot projects, which also devote attention to more environmentally friendly living space.

The Government is promoting sustainable building by supporting experiments, providing grants and amending legislation and regulations.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available

 Information 

A report on sustainable building published in 1990 outlined ways in which the building industry in the Netherlands could use raw materials, energy and space in a more sustainable way. The report covers building in the housing and utilities sector.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation

In developing countries, cooperation on sustainable housing projects is focused mainly on the search for alternative materials that are environmentally friendly and energy efficient. These materials should also preferably be locally produced, so that they help to create additional employment.

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This information is based on The Netherlands's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997.

Click here to access "Best Practices for Human Settlements" in Western Europe, including Turkey

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