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INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN MAURITIUS

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INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

Mauritius maintains a positive approach towards the environment. The Ministry of Environment cooperates with other national institutions.

In accordance with the institutional legislative recommendations of the NEAP, a full fledged Ministry for the Environment was created in November 1989, and the Environment Protection Act (EPA) was enacted in 1991.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Strategies for environmental management are continually evolving and undergoing improvement. The country's awareness and commitment towards the environment can be traced as far back as 1988, when a World Bank team assisted the government of Mauritius in preparing a National Environment Action Plan (NEAP) to address major environmental issues.

The seriousness of the government in addressing environmental issues was also reflected in the preparation of a White Paper on the National Environment Policy in July 1990, based on the principles of sustainable development.

The guiding principles for environmental policy objectives, which form the basis for development planning are the following:

Thus, in the integrated project planning approach, environmental considerations are incorporated into project planning implementation through a mandatory requirement under the EPA. Any proposed activity listed in the fifth schedule of the EPA cannot be implemented until an EIA report has been submitted by the proponent, and an EIA license has been received.

Apart from the strategies described above, other major environmental policies include the following:

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

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MAJOR GROUPS

Women

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Policies and strategies and plans for achievement of equality in all aspects of society have been drawn up and completed. Mechanisms are in place to assess implementation and impact of development and environment policies and programmes on women.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 


Women have been in the forefront of environmental advocacy and consciousness raising in environmental movements in Mauritius. Such public action is a reflection of a development perspective that seeks to integrate both social and environmental concerns. Actions for the future, as spelled out in the White Paper on Women in Development, include the following:

-Increase environmental education of women, awareness of the link between diet, health, and environment, including consumer awareness of food additives, pesticide residues, and environment hazards associated with particular technologies.
-Ensure that stategies for the sustainable use of natural resources are gender-sensitive, and provide training for women as natural resources managers.
-Enhance women's capacity to be responsible stakeholders of the environment.
-Ensure that capacity building-programmes in environmental management target women as well as men.

Status

The number of women in the government increased from 24%, in 1992, to 29% in 1996. At the local government level, the percentage remained at 1.4%. The number of women in parliament increased from 3.3%, in 1992, to 9.7% in 1996.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

The curricula and educational material are being revised with a view to promoting dissemination of gender-relevant knowledge.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was signed on July 9, 1984.


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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

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Children and Youth

No information is available.

 

Indigenous People

No information is available.


Non-governmental Organizations

No information is available.



Local Authorities

No information is available.


Workers and Unions

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

The following measures have been taken in order to strengthen the role of workers and their trade unions: .

(i) The Occupational Safety, Health and Welfare Advisory Council, a tripartite body, was established to advise and assist the Minister of Labour and Industrial Relations in respect of matters affecting safety, health and welfare of persons at work. Meetings are held regularly.

(ii) At bipartite level, the Occupational Safety, Health and Welfare Act from 1988 provides for the establishment of a Safety Health Committee at enterprise level for employers having more than 100 persons in their employment. The issues discussed at this Committee are monitored by officers of the Factory Inspectorate of this Ministry.

(iii) Systematic worksite inspections are being carried out by officers of the Factory Inspectorate Division so as to reduce occupational accidents and diseases at workplaces.

(iv) A Labour Information Centre has been set up within the Ministry to increase workers' education and training. Courses on subjects relating to occupational safety and health are being regularly held.

(v) A Workers Education Branch is in operation to impart, with the help of resource persons, adult workers education on a wide range of subjects geared to workers and their organisations being more alive to economic and social development.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available. 

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

Business and Industry

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  


Policies are in place to increase the efficiency of resource use. A White Paper 'Les Assis de L'Artisanat' has been prepared so as to increase the use of local resources. Two enterprises have been given incentives for these activities.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 


The EPZDA is conducting programmes for waste reduction.

Status

About 20% of all big enterprises in the country have adopted sustainable development policies. The term "sustainable development" has become widespread among the business community; however, to reconcile the conflicting ends of rising costs and environmental protection, enterprises are maintaining hesitating attitudes.

In Mauritius the production processes in most enterprises is mostly pollution free, except for dye-houses.

The production system in Mauritius involves the use of imported resources and materials, as the country is not endowed with natural resources.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing


UNIDO has proposed its assistance to Mauritius to implement a programme for sustainable development through "application of economic incentives for internalisation of environmental costs".

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

Scientific and Technological Community

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 


The scientific community has already established ways in which to address the general public and deal with sustainable development.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.


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Farmers

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  


Since a few years the existing extension service has been reorganised to provide a better support to the community of small farmers. Wherever possible, participation of farmers is ensured through PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) in determining the nature of their problems so that the service becomes client-oriented and driven by actual demand. Areas of special concern are effects of pesticides in the environment, excessive use of chemicals for pest control, air pollution, pollution arising from animal production activities, safe disposal of animal wastes, pollution effects of fire in sugarcane fields.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

Special attention is given to women, particularly in the dairy sector. Attention is also given to youth programmes.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  


Wherever possible, biological methods are being researched and introduced (e.g. diamond back moth in crucifers). Concern for the environment, proper sanitation and recycling of wastes ( eg. biogas production) are emphasised in farmer education programmes. Organic methods of crop production is also practised on a small scale.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *



This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

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SCIENCE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 


The Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute (MSIRI) is involved in sugar cane research. The Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC) is involved in research in agriculture, fisheries and food production. The Mauritius Research Council (MRC) promotes research and development in scientific, technological, social and economic activities. Information Technology Institutes like the National Computer Board, the Central Informatics Bureau and State Informatics Ltd promote information technology in various sectors. The Technology Development Project promotes diffusion of up-to-date technology practices to industries.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  


The University of Mauritius expanded in order to increase its intake of students. The Mauritius Institute of Education provides training of teachers. The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology promotes scientific knowledge and the study of sciene. The Ministry of Human Resources, Development and Reform Institutions implements vocational, technical and other training programmes to have trained manpower for industrial, services and other sectors.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

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INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 


Availability of sustainable development information at the national level

Agenda 21 Chapters

Very good

Good

Some good data but many gaps

Poor

2. International cooperation and trade  

X

   
3. Combating poverty    

X

 
4. Changing consumption patterns    

X

 
5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability  

X

   
6. Human health

X

     
7. Human settlements

X

     
8. Integrating E & D in decision-making  

X

   
9. Protection of the atmosphere    

X

 
10. Integrated planning and management of land resources  

X

   
11. Combating deforestation  

X

   
12. Combating desertification and drought    

X

 
13. Sustainable mountain development    

X

 
14. Sustainable agriculture and rural development  

X

   
15. Conservation of biological diversity  

X

   
16. Biotechnology    

X

 
17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources    

X

 
18. Freshwater resources    

X

 
19. Toxic chemicals      

X

20. Hazardous wastes      

X

21. Solid wastes    

X

 
22. Radioactive wastes      

X

24. Women in sustainable development  

X

   
25. Children and youth  

X

   
26. Indigenous people    

X

 
27. Non-governmental organizations    

X

 
28. Local authorities    

X

 
29. Workers and trade unions    

X

 
30. Business and industry    

X

 
31. Scientific and technological community  

X

   
32. Farmers    

X

 
33. Financial resources and mechanisms    

X

 
34. Technology, cooperation and capacity-building    

X

 
35. Science for sustainable development    

X

 
36. Education, public awareness and training    

X

 
37. International cooperation for capacity-building    

X

 
38. International institutional arrangements    

X

 
39. International legal instruments    

X

 
40. Information for decision-making    

X

 

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

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INTERNATIONAL LAW

No information is available.

 

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