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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Mauritius

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN MAURITIUS

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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

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TRADE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.  


Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

Mauritius benefits from assistance bilaterally as well as from major international organisations like the World Bank, UNDP, WIPO, UNCTAD etc.

Cooperation

Mauritius is a member of the Lome Convention, whereby the country enjoys duty free and quota free entry on European markets and as per the Sugar Protocol, Mauritius enjoys a guaranteed price and quota for sugar.

Mauritius has also signed a number of bilateral non-double taxation agreements with different countries.

Mauritius has joined the South African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for East and Central Africa (COMESA), the Indian Ocean Rim Association and the Cross Border Initiative. Mauritius is also a member of the World Trade Organisation. 

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The Nutrition Unit (N.C.D.), and the Ministry of Health (MOH) are responsible for consumption and production issues.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans 


The national priority for Mauritius is the reduction of diet-related chronic diseases. To achieve this, the national policy focuses on:

Specific national targets include:

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges


Training facilities for health care personnel need strengthening.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

The health care sector is financed by MOH, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and World Health Organization (WHO).

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

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FINANCING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 


The 1996/97 Budget included:

Over the past five years the Mauritian national budget has changed to address sustainable development by increasing investment by the public sector in environmental projects (in Rs million):

  1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97(est)
Sewage 18 34 28 7 40 213
Ministry of Environment 30 88 28 41 119 164

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility, click here:
For information about issues and projects in Africa from the World Bank, click here:

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TECHNOLOGY

Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   
The Department of Environment acts as a liaison with other organizations dealing with environmental issues.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 


The Environment Investment Programme (EIP) provides most of the infrastructure to help implement sustainable development.

The Technology Diffusion Scheme (TDS), at the Ministry of Industry, helps firms acquire the capacity to improve their production through better technology. The transfer of environmentally sound technology is being done through information retrieval. Before proceeding with its acquisition, information is requested by potential importers.

Status

Given the specificity of the island, its size, population, and its fragile ecosystems, the adoption of environmentally sound technology is being done meticulously. New environmental laws are being created, old ones are being updated, and new institutional support such as the Department of Environment, specialized laboratories, and fiscal incentives regarding the modernization of equipment, have been granted. ISO 14000 is a must for Mauritian products to get the Eco-labeling to have access to European markets. Association of industrialists such as MEPZA are already raising awareness of quality issues among the business community.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation


Regional cooperation in environmental technology exists but on a very limited scale. Mauritius is well informed on all the developments taking place in the international forum for environmental protection. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the international organization which provides Mauritius information on all environmental issues.

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

Biotechnology

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   


The National Agricultural Biotechnology Advisory Committee (NABAC) was set up to inquire on the use of biotechnology in agriculture and the environment. NABAC is responsible to the Ministry of Agriculture through the Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC). The terms of reference of NABAC define as priority areas, information/technology access, regulatory matters, intellectual property management, human resources development and financial investments management. Four consortia were also commissioned to address four national priority themes namely:

(i) Consortium I (under chairmanship of FARC) for the availability of elite disease-free planting material;

(ii) Consortium II (under chairmanship of Agricultural Services) for livestock aquaculture improvement;

(iii) Consortium III (under chairmanship of University of Mauritius) for sugar cane products, utilization and environment quality, and

(iv) Consortium IV (under MSIRI) for sugar cane improvement.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing


Public funding is available for public and private sector firms.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.
Click here for the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biosafety WebPages

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INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

In order to sustain industrial growth, Government policies are directed towards consolidation, modernisation and diversification of the industrial sector. This is achieved through an incentives framework provided under the Industrial Expansion Act (1993) for modernisation and expansion, which includes the Strategic Local Enterprise Scheme, the Modernisation and Expansion Enterprise Scheme, the Pioneer Status Enterprise Scheme, and the Small and Medium Enterprise Scheme.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  


The Industrial Strategy of the Government is also geared towards the integration of all industrial sectors. In this context, a Subcontracting Exchange Centre (SUBEX M) will be set up to facilitate subcontracting exchange. The Pioneer Status Enterprise Scheme fosters diversification of the industrial base.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  


Support Services are provided through parastatal bodies such as EPZDA, SMIDO, MSB and NHC, which assist firms in increasing overall competitiveness by upgrading their technological efficiency, improving quality systems, reducing times, enhancing design capabilities and improving productivity.

Programmes and Projects 

Through the World Bank Project "Assistance to Enhance Competitiveness", the Government helps firms for technology acquisition and the setting up of a new Metrology, Standards, Testing and Quality System to create a business friendly environment.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

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TRANSPORT

No information is available.

 

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

Various national agencies and government bodies, including the Mauritius Tourism Promotion Authority, the Central Water Authority, the Ministry of Environment and Quality of Life, the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources, the Ministry of Energy, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Housing, Lands and Town and Country Planning, among others, promote susatinable tourism.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The environmental Protection Act of 1991 has provisions to promote sustainable tourism.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 


The implemented measures include measures for the management of freshwater resources, energy, land use, transportation in tourist resort areas, and construction in coastal areas. Other measures include the prevention of near shore water pollution, waste minimization, and the improvement and expansion of health facilities.

Status

Tourism is a very important sector of the economy in Mauritius, accounting for US$ 292 million in revenues or 47% of the Island's GDP (1994). Considering tourism's importance at the national level, the country has achieved considerable progress in promoting sustainability in such areas as environmental impact assessment, which has become a prerequisite for all scheduled undertakings (a provision of the Environment Protection Act 1991), and development of eco-tourism, an increasingly significant activity for the country.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The development of complementaries, including packaged options, with other states is also achieved through bilateral agreements (i.e. with the Indian Ocean Rim and Europe).

 

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This information is based on Mauritius' submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 4 June 1997

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