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SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

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POVERTY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

In the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the Program of Social Care and the relevant legal provisions lie within the competence of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

Until 1992, the Assembly of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia passed annual programmes for the protection of the socially disadvantaged and financially unsupported (the handicapped, the elderly and incapacitated, the unsupported, and parentless children). The program use to cover about 12,000 people. Since 1992, the Government has passed annual programs of social care. Social care now covers the above categories and three additional categories of people: employed persons not receiving sufficient income, the unemployed, and low pension beneficiaries. The program covers approximately 60,000 people. Supporting mothers and mothers with no subsistence income receive social allowances until the third year of age of their children. This program also applies to fathers, under the same conditions. Funds for these purposes are allocated from the country's budget.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

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DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The Population Policy and Social Care for Children Division of the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy has coordinated population policy implementation by various responsible ministries since 1987. It reports to the Government on this work.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

In 1987, the Resolution of the Population Policy of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was passed to allow for population growth to adjust to the socio-economic development of the country. This allowed for a socially active population policy aimed at achieving a rational biological reproduction based on more moderate birth rates and a lower infant mortality rate.

With its positive legislation and other relevant documents, the Government of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia contributes to changing reproductive behavior to achieve a balance between individual and social aims by stimulating families to have three children at the most. The main objective of the measures implemented in the area of population policy is to decrease the level of population growth. In the past, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia's population growth has been characterized by chaotic trends. Now, with the passing of the 1987 Resolution, the long-term aim is to achieve a more moderate birth rate level.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

The total population of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia has been constantly increasing in the period between 1955 and 1991; the average annual rate of increase amounted to 1.4%, reaching the level of 2,034,000 inhabitants in 1991. Demographic processes in the country have been characterized by high birth rates, which have exceeded the need for population replacement; and by increasing longevity, as a consequence of health care measures and rising living standards.

The implementation of the Resolution's measures has contributed to meeting the biological reproduction principles by accepting human, social, and health care values which have led to lower birth rates in the period between 1987 and 1992. In particular, the 1987 figure of live-born children of 38.572 fell to 34.830 in 1991. Within the same period, the number of infant deaths decreased from 1.671 to 984. This, combined with an increase in the number of deaths, from 14.644 to 14.789, led to a decline in the natural increase rate from 23.928 in 1987 to 20.041 in 1991. As a result of these trends, the 1987-1991 average annual rate of population increase amounted to 1.3%. Thus, a more moderate birth rate has been achieved which has proved to be a pre-requisite for rapid economic progress in the country.

Population policy measures are not directed at birth control only, but (and most of all) to changing the economic, social, health care, and educational circumstances in order to implement harmonized demographic, social, and economic development. The organizations that execute population policy carry out relevant measures, therefore, in the areas of education, social and health care, training and education, scientific and research work, information, advertising, and legislative procedures.

Within the framework of the Constitution, which allows every person to exercise freely his/her right to have children, the population policy measures and activities are expected to change existing attitudes towards population regeneration, with the aim of creating a model of the modern family with an average of 2.2 children.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

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HEALTH

No information is available.

 

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EDUCATION

No information is available.

 

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

In the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the Ministry of Construction, Urban Planning and Environment, in cooperation with other ministries is responsible for human settlements.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The representatives of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia participated actively in the work of Habitat II, held in Istanbul. In order to direct the spatial development of the country's settlements, urban development plans have been formulated for growing settlements, and space has been allocated according to these plans. The urban plans are implemented through licenses and approvals for construction from investment.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

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