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INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA


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INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

In the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the Ministries of Development; Construction, Urban Planning and Environment; Finance; Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management; and national and local public enterprises all foster the integration of environment and development in decision making.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The National Strategy of Economic Development and the National Ecological Action Plan are currently being prepared to incorporate the principles of sustainable development.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

The country is currently cooperating at the international level with The World Bank, the European Union Program Phare, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and other international agencies.

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

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MAJOR GROUPS

WOMEN

No information is available.

 

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CHILDREN AND YOUTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies     

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

In the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the most important fora promoting dialogue between youth and government on Agenda 21 issues are: (1) The Council for Raising and Educating the Children of Macedonia; (2) The Pioneer Center "Karpos" in Skopje; (3) The action "I Love Nature - I Love Life;" (4) The Public Technique of Macedonia; and (5) The Forum of Young Ecologists (FOMEK). These groups have an advisory role in the national process of moving towards sustainable development. The Agenda 21 goal of more than 50% of youth, gender balanced, having access to appropriate secondary education or vocational training has already been achieved.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available

Status 

No information is available

Challenges

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available

Information 

No information is available

Research and Technologies 

No information is available

Financing 

No information is available

Cooperation

No information is available

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

No information available.

 

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

In the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, NGO inputs are very important in terms of Agenda 21 implementation.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

LOCAL AUTHORITIES

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available..

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

The Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia supports local agenda 21 initiatives.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

WORKERS AND TRADE UNIONS

No information is available.

 

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BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

To increase the efficiency of resource use, the National Ministry of Economy has passed a special Act on Using Waste That May Be Used As Secondary Raw Materials. In addition, there are governmental policies which require recycling. 

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

Specialized enterprises and public institutions in this area occasionally organize actions for gathering secondary raw materials.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

 

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COMMUNITY

No information available.

 

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FARMERS

No information available.

 

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SCIENCE

No information available.

 

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INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

Ministry of environment and urban planing and Ministry of Foreign Affairs are responsible for the activities regarding the sustainable development.  

They coordinate by convening joint meetings on the issues concerned, then inform the Government Cabinet on certain initiatives and propose appropriate action. The Cabinet considers these proposals and decides upon them. 

Within the Government, there is a national inter-ministerial body for sustainable development.

Local governments are responsible for some areas of activities in the field of sustainable development mainly on a local level in the municipalities. However, they are involved in decision making in all areas concerning improvement of the life of local population.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

Mainly government representatives, partly scientist in their respective fields, and local authorities for the information regarding local initiatives and projects, are actively involved in information collection, assessment, management and dissemination, and use of data for decision making.

At present, the role of private sector in this field is minimised. However, the Government is committed to realization of certain programs for stimulation of the private sector participation, particularly in the field of providing information and partly in decision-making.

Consultations with major groups in the development of an information system and indicator programme, are still undergoing, and this exchange of opinions will be crucial for the future activities of the Government in this field.

Programmes and Projects 

The project for creation of a national information network, supervised by the Government, is aimed at improving the current design of the national information network.

Information services regarding the sustainable development at local level are being made available through the Ministry of Local Management (municipalities). Each municipality will be directly connected with the national information network and will have an immediate access to all the necessary information. 

With the project for creation of national information network, a significant increase of the present network capabilities is planed. This would allow dissemination of all data regarding the sustainable development activities.

Status 

All the activities regarding the development and use of indicators for sustainable development, collection, standardization and use of data on sustainable development are located in different government ministries or other bodies. However, all information is presented to the Governmentís cabinet by those ministries and appropriate decisions are being made in accordance with the presented needs and assessments. The Government is in a process of creation of a national information network to include also data regarding the sustainable development.

Present information on sustainable development is highly accessible, but not appropriately used by the commercial and private sector. At this point main means or channels of information are through printed booklets, brochures, reports and media presentations.

The development of indicators on sustainable development are at an initial phase. So far, they are utilised mainly by the Statistical unit, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank for some projections, as well as for research and planning.

In near future there will be a central Internet web site for providing national information on sustainable development

The availability and quality of sustainable development information at the national level can be summarized as follows:

Agenda 21 Chapters

Very good

Good

Some good data but many gaps

Poor

Remarks

2. International cooperation and trade          
3. Combating poverty    

X

   
4. Changing consumption patterns          
5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability  

X

     
6. Human health  

X

     
7. Human settlements    

X

   
8. Integrating E & D in decision-making    

X

   
9. Protection of the atmosphere    

X

   
10. Integrated planning and management of land resources  

X

     
11. Combating deforestation  

X

     
12. Combating desertification and drought    

X

   
13. Sustainable mountain development    

X

   
14. Sustainable agriculture and rural development  

X

     
15. Conservation of biological diversity X        
16. Biotechnology  

X

     
17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources          
18. Freshwater resources

X

       
19. Toxic chemicals    

X

   
20. Hazardous wastes    

X

   
21. Solid wastes    

X

   
22. Radioactive wastes  

X

     
24. Women in sustainable development  

X

     
25. Children and youth  

X

     
26. Indigenous people          
27. Non-governmental organizations

X

       
28. Local authorities    

X

   
29. Workers and trade unions  

X

     
30. Business and industry    

X

   
31. Scientific and technological community  

X

     
32. Farmers  

X

     
33. Financial resources and mechanisms    

X

   
34. Technology, cooperation and capacity-building      

X

 
35. Science for sustainable development    

X

   
36. Education, public awareness and training    

X

   
37. International cooperation for capacity-building  

X

     
38. International institutional arrangements    

X

   
39. International legal instruments      

X

 
40. Information for decision-making    

X

   

Challenges

Developing of indicators for sustainable development and its usage by the private sector and particularly by the local authorities, require the most immediate attention in improving the flow and management of information at present. Another area is the information and education on protection of the environment. Significant results have been made in the information availability, but still a lot needs to be done particularly on the local level. To that end, Ministry of Environment has designed adequate projects and programs to be implemented. 

Local authorities, teenagers and elderly all need improved access to environmental protection information.

Major challenges are to increase data accessibility and availability. It is important to provide computer networks for all the potential users of the data, including ministries, local authorities, NGOs, unions etc. Being at the halfway of transition of the national economy, it is quite an effort for the Government to achieve such goal alone.  

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

Measures to promote public use of information on sustainable development include media campaigns, educational seminars etc.

Main activities aimed at capacity-building for improving information collection, assessment, management and dissemination, are aimed at training of experts and technical stuff mainly abroad with more experience in this field, but also trainings organized domestically by our national experts.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available.

Financing 

There is no precise data on the exact amount of financial resources spent for this purpose or to specify the percentage of the national budget or any other source allocated to this end. However, so far the main source for financing of these activities is the national budget.

The Government is making efforts to attract private and foreign investments for financing of the data collection and creation of the national information system for sustainable development.

Cooperation

The main field of cooperation on regional and international level in sharing information is the protection of environment and economic indicators data. Republic of Macedonia has adhered to and ratified all major international conventions and on that occasion has informed respective secretariats on its activities and measures undertaken.

The Government is making efforts to further cooperation in the transfer of technology and know-how particularly with the developed countries. Technical assistance received so far is not sufficient and needs to be increased.

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This information was provided by the Government of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the fifth and ninth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update:  April 2001.

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INTERNATIONAL LAW

No information is available.

 

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