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SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN JAMAICA

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POVERTY

No information is available.

 

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DEMOGRAPHICS

No information available.

 

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HEALTH

No information available.

 

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Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

The National Environmental Education Committee (NEEC) which was convened by the Natural Resources Conservation Authority (NRCA), has developed a National Environmental Education for Sustainable Development Action Plan, using the resources and expertise of the committee members, a consultant provided by the Environmental Action (ENACT) Programme and community representatives to put in place a coordinated programme.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

The Negril Coral Reef Preservation Society has initiated an Environmental Warden Programme which makes students into caretakers of the environment in their communities. Participants were trained and have graduated from a programme which teaches them about the environment and what they must do to protect it. 
In St. Thomas, an anti-litter programme was initiated by the St. Thomas Environmental Protection Association (STEPA). The group placed signs at strategic points in the parish and placed containers for garbage on the buses. They report behavioural changes in the general public in the handling of waste generated during travel.
The Jamaica Conservation Development Trust (JCDT) in partnership with the Jamaica Environment Trust (JET) has developed a programme called Earth Schools which trains teachers to carry out environmental education activities in schools with the support and guidance of the trainers.
Education is freely accessible to the poor in Jamaica, up to Grade 7 level. The Social and Economic Support Programme aims at alleviating the economic hardships experienced by students attending educational institutions, as well as assisting in the establishment of income generating projects. The Programme comprises the following components: Financial assistance to students; School bus transportation programme; and Income generating projects. The School Feeding Programme provides at least one meal a day to students in recognized Basic Schools, Infant, Primary, All Age and New Secondary schools. Free textbooks are provided for all students in the Primary grades and a textbook rental scheme is being implemented at the Secondary level.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-Building, Education, Training, and Awareness-Raising

Environment and sustainable development issues have been integrated into the Grades 1-9 curriculum, as follows:

Environmental issues are raised by the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC) in all four of the CXC Sciences, including Biology, Chemistry, Integrated Science, and Physics, as well as Agricultural Science. For example:

Members of the National Environmental Societies Trust (NEST), an NGO active in the area of environmental education, have formed themselves into a Sustainable Development Focus Group for the purposes of developing joint activities and information dissemination. The members of the Focus Group have been developing and promoting an approach to working with communities which will empower the communities to identify and articulate their problems and to search for solutions through existing agencies.
NEST and one of its member organizations, the Jamaica Conservation Development Trust (JCDT), have pooled resources to develop an environmental resource centre. The book and audio-visual of both organizations will be housed in the centre which will link into the Documentation Centre of the Natural Resources Conservation Authority (NRCA) The Centre will serve schools, student teachers members of both organizations and the general public.

The Coalition for Community Participation in Governance is an alliance of several organizations which are committed to ensuring that the proposed reform of local government in Jamaica unfolds in such a way as to benefit communities. To that end the Coalition has convened public fora to create awareness as to the need for communities to become involved in the process. The Coalition is scheduled to undertake a series of cluster workshops across the island to bring communities into the process and a national workshop to come up with a plan of action.

Two training programmes have been mounted recently in Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) methodologies for persons working in the area of community development and environment. One was for staff of the NRCA and selected NGOs, and the other was for a mix of Community Development Workers from Government agencies and NGOs in related fields, including the environment. Participants were exposed to both the theory and the practice of PRA.

Information

Information on education and sustainable development is available on the Internet (see below).

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

The Jamaica Social Investment Fund was established in February 1996 as part of the Government of Jamaica's programme to reduce and eradicate poverty. The fund is an autonomous Government company designed to provide investments in social sector projects across the country. Priority is placed on areas with a high incidence of poverty in selecting projects presented by community groups.

Cooperation

No information is available.

For the National Environmental Education Action Plan for Sustainable Development in Jamaica, click here.
For information on human resource development in Jamaica's Country Profile for the implementation of SIDS/POA, click here.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Jamaica to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: May 1998.

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

No information available.

 

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