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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Iran

NATURAL RESOURCE ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

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AGRICULTURE

No information is available.

 

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Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.

Click here to link to Country and Sub-regional Information on Plant Genetic Resources of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Click here to go to Web Site of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, which includes information on the Codex Alimentarius and the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme.

Click here to access the Web Site of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

Click here to access the sixteen international agricultural research centers that are members of the CGIAR.

For country reports on Plant Genetic Resources, click here.

To access the FAOSTAT Data Base for information by country, item, element and year, click here:

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ATMOSPHERE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

No information is available.  

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Islamic Republic of Iran ratified the Convention on Climate Change on 18 July 1996.

The Islamic Republic of Iran acceded to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (1985) and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) on 3 October1990 and accepted both the London Amendment (1990) and the Copenhagen Amendment (1992) on 4 August 1997.

 

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Click here for national information from the Web site of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

For access to the Web Site of the Ozone Secretariat, click here:

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BIODIVERSITY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available. 

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Islamic Republic of Iran ratified the Covention on Biological Diversity on 6 August 1996.
The Islamic Republic of Iran ratified the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora on 3 August 1976.

 

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Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.

Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.

Click here to link to biosafety web sites in the European Union.

For access to the Web Site of the Convention on Biological Diversity, click here:

For access to the Web Site of the CITES Convention, click here:
For the Web Site of the CMS Convention, click here:

For the Web Site of the Convention on the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, click here:

For the country-by-country, Man in the Biosphere On-Line Query System, click here:

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DESERTIFICATION AND DROUGHT

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies 

No information is available. 

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Islamic Republic of Iran ratified the Convention to Combat Desertification on 29 April 1997.

 

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For access to the Web Site of the Convention to Combat Desertification and Drought, click here:

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ENERGY

No information is available.

 

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Click here for basic statistical data for the Islamic Republic of Iran

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FORESTS

No information is available.

 

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FRESHWATER

Decision-Making: Coordination Bodies

The Ministry of Energy is responsible for coordinating water resource management and development. At the regional level, the Regional Water and Wastewater Company carries out the coordination and management functions.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

The major laws governing this area include the following: Fair Water Distribution Act (1983); Act of the Establishment of Water and Wastewater Companies; Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (1974); Prevention of Water Pollution Regulation (1994); Qabat and Well Excavation Regulation (1984)

Water quality standards are set by the Department of the Environment, which has standard limits for all toxic and hazardous substances which are found in effluents released from different sources (industrial, agricultural and domestic sectors).

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projcts

The Department of the Environment has also developed a Programme of Action regarding environmentally sound technologies (ESTs) for which the Ministry of Industrial and Municipal offices are responsible for implementation. The objectives of this Programme of Action are, inter alia, to promote research on ESTs in the area of waste management, to enhance industrial cooperation and exchange of information in this area, and to enable the country to benefit from the most advanced and suitable ESTs for all areas important to The Islamic Republic of Iran.

Status

Domestic consumption of water in large cities is approximately two hundred litres per capita per day; in small cities, the quantity is one hundred eighty litres.
There are fifteen treatment plants operating in the country to treat waste water and about thirty units for recycling waste water.
Only five percent of urban sewerage is treated.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

Information on water and the agriculture sector is regularly collected by the Ministry of Agriculture; on the water and the household sector, by the Ministry of Energy; and on water and the industrial sector, by the Department of the Environment. Information is distributed by the Iranian Centre for Statistics.

Research and Technologies

The Department of Environment has undertaken several research projects to define relative policies for rivers and wetlands management, including the use and development of environmentally sound technologies (ESTs). The use of ESTs also forms a part of the urban management strategy for mechanization of collecting wastewater and waste as well as industrial recycling of urban wastewater.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Ramsar Convention entered into force in The Islamic Republic of Iran on 21 December 1995.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1998.

Click here to visit the Web Site of the Ramsar Convention.

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LAND MANAGEMENT

No information is available.

 

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Click here for basic statistical data for the Islamic Republic of Iran

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MOUNTAINS

No information is available.

 

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OCEANS AND COASTAL AREAS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Islamic Republic of Iran has not ratified the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (as of April 1998).

 

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To access the Web Site of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, click here:

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TOXIC CHEMICALS

No information is available.

 

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WASTE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

The Department of the Environment has approved policies on hazardous waste management in accordance with the Basel Convention.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Islamic Republic of Iran ratified the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal on 4 April 1993.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1998.

For direct link to the Web Site of the Basel Convention, click here:


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