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INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN


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INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Iranian National Committee on Sustainable Development is the key national sustainable development coordination mechanism. Chaired by the Head of the Department of the Environment, it includes members from the President's Office, the Department of Environment, the Meteorological Organization, the Plan and Budget Organization, The Academy of Science Ministries, Culture and Higher Education, Petroleum and Energy, Housing and Urbanization, Industry, Post and Telephone, foreign Affairs, Agriculture, Health and Jihad.

The duties of the Committee, set out by the Department of the Environment, are as follows:

  1. Evaluation of the draft of the framework for sustainable development and suggestion of relevant proposals to the High Council of the Environment (IICE);
  2. Establishment and expansion of a Data Bank and a Centre for Documents relevant to Agenda 21, the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity;
  3. Suggestion of proposals relevant to these two conventions and to meetings;
  4. Planning of joint executive projects about the problems related to the conventions and to climate change, conservation and biodiversity, forests and Agenda 21, in collaboration with the other countries of the region in similar situations;
  5. Evaluation of the adopted measures in order to implement a Sustainable Development Strategy.

National Decision-Making Structure

1. National Sustainable Development Coordination Body: YES
2. National Sustainable Development Policy: IN PROCESS
3. National Agenda 21/other strategy for SD IN PROCESS
4. Local/Regional Agenda(s) 21: NO
5. Environmental Impact Assessment Law: YES
6. Major Groups involved in Sustainable Development Decision-Making:  

National Instruments and Programmes

1. Sustainable. Dev. or environmental education incorporated into school curricula: YES
2. Sustainable Development Indicators Program: IN PROCESS
3. Ecolabel Regulations: NO
4. Recycle/Reuse Programs: YES
5. Green Accounting Program: NO
6. Access to Internet: YES
7. Access to World Wide Web: YES
8. National World Wide Web Site for Sustainable Development or State of the Environment: NO

Policies, Programmes and Legislation

1. Combatting poverty: YES
2. Changing consumption and production patterns: YES
3. Atmosphere:  
4. Land Use Planning: YES
5. Forest and Deforestation: YES
6. Desertification and Drought: YES
7. Sustainable Mountain Development: NO
8. Sustainable Agriculture: YES
9. Biological Diversity:  
10. Biotechnology: YES
11. Oceans and Coastal Areas: YES
12. Freshwater Management: YES
13. Toxic Chemicals: YES
14. Hazardous Wastes: YES
15. Solid Wastes: YES
16. Radioactive Wastes:  
17. Energy: YES
18. Transport: YES
19. Sustainable Tourism: NO

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1998.

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MAJOR GROUPS

WOMEN

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-Building, Education, Training and Awareness-Raising

Use is made of the media, include the National Radio and Television, newspapers, weekly and monthly magazines and other publications to create awareness of the public with regard to issues of sustainable consumption and production patterns. For example, there is a limited campaign through mass media to sensitize people toward consumption of gas, water and electricity. The Gas Company and the Ministry of Power (water and electricity) are providers and sponsors of the programmes. The purpose of the activities is limitation and optimization of consumption. Women, who are important actors in determining consumption patterns at the family levels, are also targeted in these education programmes.
Education programmes, booklets and leaflets on environmental issues pertaining to sustainable development have been developed for rural women. Rural Women's Cooperatives and Young Rural Girls' Clubs have been significantly successful in promoting these ideas and influencing behaviour and attitudes on environmental policies.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Islamic Republic of Iran has not ratified The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (as of April 1998).

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1998.

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For information on national plans of action in the follow-up to the Beijing Conference, click here:

Click here for information on Women in Development in the ESCAP Region

 

CHILDREN AND YOUTH

No information is available.

 

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INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

No information is available.

 

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NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

No information is available.

 

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LOCAL AUTHORITIES

No information is available.

 

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WORKERS AND UNIONS

No information is available.

 

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BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

No information is available.

 

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SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COMMUNITY

No information is available.

 

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FARMERS

No information is available.

 

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SCIENCE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

Issues related to science for sustainable development are reported to the Supreme Council for the Environment.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Group Involvement

Science is integrated into decision-making through the membership of seven academic tutors in the National Committee for Sustainable Development who participate as representatives of ministries. Science, though, is not of course the foundation of decision-making.
The Annual Seminar on Housing Development policies provides an opportunity for the scientific community, government and private sector to exchange views. The Scientific Research Council of the country gathers academics, experts, and members of the government on research projects in different fields. The Department of the Environment and NGOs hold seminars and workshops with the same functions.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

Research is undertaken in universities, research centres and the Water Management Company of Iran. All research is funded by public budgets.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1998.

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INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

Office of the President, Department of the Environment, Management  & Planning Organization are responsible for decision-making in this area.

Information management is also delegated to the state authority.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

Scientists, the private sector and NGOs contribute to the collection, assessment, management and dissemination of information and data for decision making for sustainable development.

The private sector provides information and gives a proper guidelines for progress in all fields of activities (industry, agriculture, public health, etc.) and organizes cooperation for capacity building in local levels.  Local and national authorities coordinate between the private and public concerning commercial data source.

Major groups have been consulted in the development of information systems and indicators, particularly in relation to environmental, social, development and demographic indicators or evaluation models, for example:

    1- impact/pressure

    2 - state/condition of environment

    3 - response measures 

Programmes and Projects 

Five-year-development program is addressing the flow and management of information for decision - making in Iran.

A programme of indicators for sustainable development is in the process of being developed.

Main projects aimed at improving the current design of the national information network include:

-Establishing new libraries  & to expand the existing ones.

-Instituting environmental documentary centers & data bank through the country.

-Publishing Environmental Journals and books.

- Organizing short & long term environmental complementary courses.

Other measures taken include:

Status 

Harmonization and standardization of data on sustainable development at national and international levels are also in process.

A databank on sustainable development is established and is being expanded with an Internet access.   There is a national website for sustainable development and on the state of environment.

Challenges

The private sector and scientists have the most urgent needs for improved access to information.

The issue areas of sustainable development that require the most immediate attention are: 

-               Consumption pattern

-               Combating poverty

-               Optimising  human , nature , economic aspect

-               Optimising exploitation of natural resources and their management 

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

Capacity-building efforts include: strengthening of national mechanisms for providing guidelines and regulations, educating/training managers and personnel at all levels on information, providing access to accurate, up-to-date information while integrating personnel at different levels of decision-making. 

Measures taken to enhance public awareness and promote an environmental culture include: providing information to management authorities, students, the public and enterprises and making them aware of major problems through  mass media (radio, TV, films), lectures, personal interviews, conferences guide books, dissemination of posters and bulletins.

There are environmental education and training programmes in different areas from strengthening institutional capacity, formulating and implementing regulations for EIA projects, workshops for updating experts, staff in addition to other infrastructure activities.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

There are no new technologies or schemes in related to improve methods of data collection about sustainable development

Designing of such techniques as geographic information systems, expert systems, models, etc. for continuous and accurate data storage, management and assessment, are in process of development in Iran.

The technologies Iran would require most to further enhance its national information system are to:

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

There is no cooperation between Iran and other countries in gathering and sharing information on sustainable development.

 

 

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This information was provided by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the ninth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: December 2000.

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INTERNATIONAL LAW

No information is available.

 

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