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ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

NGOs are very active in general.  National productivity organization of Iran is actively implementing clean production  in industries through Asian productivity organization.

Civil society development and citizen participation have paved the way for the empowerment of NGOs. Through participation in many international events, Iranian NGOs are gaining recognition by international community and policy-makers.

The Iranian government has adopted a more positive attitude towards the idea of involving local NGOs as partners in sustainable development. Iran is gradually opening the door of collaboration with a number of international NGOs.

There is also a need for consultation involving the government, NGOs, and the private sectors.

Islamic Republic of Iran does support all industries and any enterprise to go for ISO 14000, CP and etc. in cooperation with international organizations.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

There is no programme concerning Agenda 21. 

Islamic Republic of Iran has a political landscape to provide challenging  perspectives for civil society development  The Iranian government has placed considerable success on strengthening civil society as an essential strategy for social, political and economic progress. Under this policy, Iranís emerging civil society is being encouraged to participate in promoting national and local development. 

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

Research and Technologies 

Any technology that creates better environment and brings CP are supported: 

   1 - Use less fossil fuel technology in industries

    2 - Waste minimization and Recycle, Reuse technology

    3 -Energy minimization , i.e. Lamps with low Watts but more lights

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

Many international conferences are held in Iran.

 

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the ninth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: December 2000.

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TRADE

No information is available.

 

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

There exists a Council on Consumption Patterns dealing with all aspects of energy, natural resources and food consumption patterns.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

Use is made of the media, include the National Radio and Television, newspapers, weekly and monthly magazines and other publications to create awareness of the public with regard to issues of sustainable consumption and production patterns. For example, there is a limited campaign through mass media to sensitize people toward consumption of gas, water and electricity. The Gas Company and the Ministry of Power (water and electricity) are providers and sponsors of the programmes. The purpose of the activities is limitation and optimization of consumption. The National Television broadcasts short video clips on the importance of water consumption for various groups and viewers, including children and youth. Women, who are important actors in determining consumption patterns at the family levels, are also targeted in these education programmes.
Education programmes, booklets and leaflets on environmental issues pertaining to sustainable development have been developed for rural women. Rural Women's Cooperatives and Young Rural Girls' Clubs have been significantly successful in promoting these ideas and influencing behaviour and attitudes on environmental policies.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

Academic centres have undertaken research projects on national consumption patterns.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1998.

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FINANCING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Environmental taxes, levies and charges have been introduced. The polluter-must-pay principle is in place for waste water pollution in industries. Fines for fish, trees and different forms of wildlife are also in force.
The Environmental Impact Assessment laws imply that any industrial activity or investment must be proceeded by an EIA. The Budget Law of 1998 also stipulates that projects of foreign investments be accompanied by an EIA.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

In the Second Development Plan (1995-1999), policies have been introduced to omit gradually unsustainable subsidies. Of course, there is consideration for low-income people. The implementation of these policies will take longer than had been thought.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1998.

For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility, click here:

For information about issues and projects in Middle East and North Africa from the World Bank, click here:

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TECHNOLOGY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Industry has established an office of environment for the dissemination of information to various industries which it officially supervises.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

Industries have a tax exempt law for when they employ ESTs in their systems.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

The plan is to promote waste minimization concepts and provide various means of encouragement toward acquisition of ISO 14000 certificates. So far the process has been slow, but it is foreseen that it will accelerate in view of the growing environment of awareness in the country and ECO-labelling requirements being postulated in the global markets for exported products.

Decision-Making: Major Group Involvement

NGOs have been very active in promoting the idea of ESTs and cleaner production processes, and, as a pressure group, they have been quite successful. The private sector has also moved in this direction.

Programmes and Projects

The Department of the Environment has also developed a Programme of Action regarding environmentally sound technologies (ESTs) for which the Ministry of Industrial and Municipal offices are responsible for implementation. The objectives of this Programme of Action are to promote research on ESTs in the area of waste management, to enhance industrial cooperation and exchange of information in this area, and to enable the country to benefit from the most advanced and suitable ESTs for all areas important to Iran. ESTs are most urgently needed for the areas of industry and urban transportation.

The Department of the Environment has various other programmes as well to encourage industries in their use of ESTs. In addition, there is a National Gathering to acknowledge those industries which have promoted ESTs, and a technology exhibition and fair are underway.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

The Department of Environment has undertaken several research projects to define relative policies for rivers and wetlands management, including the use and development of environmentally sound technologies. The use of ESTs also forms a part of the urban management strategy for mechanization of collecting wastewater and waste as well as industrial recycling of urban wastewater.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1998.

 

BIOTECHNOLOGY

No information is available.

Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.

Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.

Click here to link to biosafety web sites in the European Union.

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INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Industry has established an office of environment for the dissemination of information to various industries which it officially supervises. The plan is to promote waste minimization concepts and provide various means of encouragement toward acquisition of ISO 14000 certificates. So far the process has been slow, but it is foreseen that it will accelerate in view of the growing environment of awareness in the country and ECO-labelling requirements being postulated in the global markets for exported products.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

National laws and regulations for Protection of the Environment, Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act are all relevant to industry. In addition, the National Plan of Action for the Protection of the Environment (1998) includes sub-committees on Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Waste management, Noise Pollution and Biodiversity.
Industries have a tax exempt law for when they employ ESTs in their systems.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Strategies for Long-Term and Short-Term Policies, quantifiable targets and time schedules are also a part of the Plan. The Programme of Action that has been developed from this Strategy calls for the establishment of a clear-cut environmental policy for private and government sectors and to bring the economy and environment together. Each industry is given a three-month grace period before being held accountable for implementation of the new policies.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

The Department of the Environment has various other programmes as well to encourage industries in their use of ESTs. In addition, there is a National Gathering to acknowledge those industries which have promoted ESTs, and a technology exhibition and fare are underway.

Status

The number of Green Consulting Engineers is growing. The Department of the Environment is encouraging Green Industries, and the relevant ministries are drawing up national strategies for green industries.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the sixth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1998.

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TRANSPORT

No information is available.

 

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

The Islamic Republic of Iran in view of the Concept of Sustainable Development in accordance with the following resolutions:

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies, and Plans

Iran started the activities to prepare a plan to assure a long-term development with the support of national and International Expertise support and, accordingly, to make the plan in compliance with government policies and Strategies as well as The Third Five-Year Development Plan.
In this plan, the point of views of the other international and regional bodies have been taken in to the consideration.i.e.UN, ESCAP, UNDP, UNEP, and WTO.
To achieve the mentioned goals some grounds like improving and reconstruction of research groups along with awareness and education of concerned bodies including organization of project were necessary.

The information below reflects the way in which the Iran Touring and Tourism Organization-ITTO as a GTA (Governmental Tourism Administration) has progressed in this field and how it is intending to continue in order to submit the intended plan.

Strategies: In order to have the sustainable development plan the following steps had to be taken as the strategy initially:

Short-Term Plan: highlights the obstacles for the Tourism Development and reports the defined problems to the related bodies' e.g.Tourism High Council, parliament and executive organizations or ministries; Medium Term plan preparation of plan In accordance with the policies and strategies of the government in the third five-year development plan; Long Term plan: coordination with the related organizations according to the terms of reference, as well as the international recommendation for sustainable development nationally and internationally i.e.Foreign ministry, Budget and planning organization, environment protection organization, interior ministry, Air transport authorities (including railroad and Sea), WTO, UNDP and etc….

Activities: The following activities are being carried out in accordance with above strategies:

Finally, it should be stated that the move started with a good potential and, even though it is not a long time, the activities have taken place but the progress has been quite satisfactory. The First phase of medium term plan has been completed hoping to end within the next three months.
The long-term plan or rather the sustainable plan is to be finished by the beginning of year 2000 if WTO and UNDP have close cooperation in all necessary aspects.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of the Republic of Islamic Iran to the seventh session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1999.

Click here for basic statistical data for the Islamic Republic of Iran

Click here for basic statistical data for the Islamic Republic of Iran



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