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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Haiti
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Poverty reduction is a very high national priority for Haiti as
been estimated that as much as 75% of the population is living in
poverty. The main institution created especially to implement this
strategy has been the Central Managing Unit (UCG in French).
Ministry of Social Affairs which takes care of labor problems in
the communities take care of so-called Communal asylums where old
find their retirement home. NGOs are the most important groups in
field, but their contributions should be coordinated by the
of Haiti (GOH).
In 1990, the Department of Labor put the unemployment level at
The actual range (50% to 80%) accounts for the disguised
is so prevalent in the informal sector (street vendors, etc). Since
restoration of democracy in Haiti, creation of jobs has been a key
and a number of labor-intensive projects have been realized since
1994. Labor-intensive projects have been designed to build up human
and low-cost technology resources in Haiti. Through an NGO like
labor-intensive projects have included street cleaning, tree
erosion control projects. PURE I, a World Bank job creation project
injected more than 40 million US dollars into the economy through
construction projects. PURE II, starting in 1997, has a US$50
for the coming years.
The supply of potable water is expanding, especially at Cite
the largest city slum in Haiti. Construction of latrines has been
by other NGOs.
Bilateral (Caribbean, Latin-American and European agencies), and
(World Bank and IDB) organizations are the main source of
this fight against poverty.
The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MPHP) is in charge
population matters and family planning. The Division of Planning
the MPHP articulates the demographic priorities of the government.
Institute of Statistics and Informatics takes care of the Census
the population statistics. Since Haiti's population has reached
not including the two million Haitians living overseas, proper
information shall be gathered. The most dynamic regions in terms of
should be the object of official census.
The Government considers that the population growth and
are too high. The Government's intervention in these areas is
at lowering both the rate of growth and fertility levels.
as the fastest growing town in the country, faces the toughest
and population problems. The population density for Port-au-Prince
than three times the national average, with two million people
in the metropolitan area. The largest towns are subjects of studies
solid waste, dumping sites and for cemetery relocations and
The female population is the target of many programs in health.
local population, which has been made a key part of the
process, is the target of demographic measures to lower the
and reduce the growth of the Haitian population.
The WHO and PAHO furnish the finances that supplement the Government of Haiti's development budget and have been cooperating with Haiti in this domain for the past 50 years. Some NGOs also intervene in population issues.
The Ministry of Public Health (MPH) makes the Ministry of the
(MOE) a partner in asking its advice on the environmental safety of
new products. The MOE, as well as its partners, the MPH and the
of Commerce, have no real human and financial resources for
The best available technology comes from the Ministry of
laboratories, but it can only perform routine tests. Most of the
are sent to Miami laboratories. In the public health field, NGOs
over the world are very important. Although no actual figures on
expenditure by the NGOs exist, it is believed that they account for
of the investment in the health sector.
Haiti, as a poor country is characterized by the lowest
of basic needs. Very weak provision of human health is a key
the country's poverty. The implementation of the "Health
by the year 2000" Strategy since 1980 and the National
Health Plan of 1996 are new elements for working toward Human
in Haiti. Public awareness of the AIDS problem has been realized
TV sports and radio messages.
Promotion of intersectoral cooperation for preventive health,
of health care services, creation of local health centers in every
management of health care, and the public environment through the
municipalities are key objectives. While, in rural areas the
depends on both governmental health care and on the NGOs with their
health involvement, in the cities people have access to State
and private services. In Port-au-Prince, some NGOs maintain
The Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) accounts for most of
international cooperation in the health sector. The World Health
(WHO) and PAHO work together in Haiti, within the same office, but
have specific fields of intervention.
This information is based on Haiti's submission to the 5th
of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April
Last update: 1 April 1997.
Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.
The Ministry of the Environment (MOE) is charged with developing
of Education Related to Environment (ERE) for the public at
and for school-age children in particular.
The Ministry of Social Affairs (MSA) is the official entity in
of the important social problem of housing. It is supported by
like the Ministry of Environment given the implications of slum
and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry for expansion. Within the
a division exists --the EPPLS or Social Housing Promotion and
Institute- which is the key institution dedicated to housing
particularly to slum regeneration. Finances for an organizational
like EPPLS are obtained through UNDP, HABITAT and other bilateral
The NEAP under development in the Ministry will devote some
on this social matter with so many environmental implications.
The very low percentage of public funds allocated to housing in
is a sign of the small importance given to this sector.
lot of funding is requested from international organizations for
Appropriate housing technologies shall be developed so as to
use of adequate roofing materials, sound proofing, water-heating
This information is based on Haiti's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997.