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SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN GUINEA-BISSAU

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POVERTY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

The major factors which contribute to the high poverty rate include a growing population, increasing desertification from the advance of the Sahel into parts of the country, and years of low agricultural productivity.

Endemic poverty has no doubt had a negative impact on the conservation and management of the country's natural resources, a situation which can only be improved with a stronger commitment on the part of the international community to increase official development assistance (ODA) and forgive our debt.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

In the context of international community assistance to alleviate poverty, particularly assistance from developed countries, the government of Guinea-Bissau received different types of assistance which included, among others, food donations from the World Food Programme.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1997.

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DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

Following the United Nations Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo, in 1994, a family planning unit was created under the authority of the Ministry of Public Health and the Association of the Well Being of the Family.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

Guinea-Bissau, a country with 36,125 km2, has a population of about one million which is divided into approximately twenty ethnic groups. The annual population growth rate is 1.9% and life expectancy is forty-seven years, according to the last population census, carried out in 1991.

The latest census, carried out in 1991, shows that the population is increasing though not at an alarming rate. Although it has been necessary to take account of the movement and concentration of the population in urban centres and the coastal area, efforts should be made to improve living conditions in rural areas to encourage people to remain. Migration movements are also a significant phenomena.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The government of Guinea-Bissau participated in both the International Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo in 1994, and in the United Nations Social Summit, held in Copenhagen in 1995. 

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1997.

Click here to access UNCTAD's "Country Background" on Guinea Bissau, including a basic statistical profile and summary text.

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HEALTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The Governments's Global Health Strategy to provide health care access for all by the year 2000 aims to meet the basic health care needs of the rural and urban populations. It is in this context that the government of Guinea-Bissau, through the Ministry of Public Health, is carrying out activities, such as immunization campaigns, among others, to improve public health.

The National Health Plan was elaborated in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Traditional Arts (MTAA), the National Council for the Environment (CNA), and other institutions, with the support of the World Health Organization, the United Nations Development Programme, and UNICEF. It is anticipated that the implementation of this plan will improve the quality of public health by, among others, promoting health education, providing minimum sanitation conditions, increase the number of latrines, improve the quality of drinking water, and increase the number of sanitation centres in the capital.

The Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Traditional Arts (MTAA) is also elaborating a Plan for Urban Solid Wastes. In 1995, the MTAA promoted a campaign to reduce waste in the capital, in collaboration with capital's Municipal Council and other governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

With the assistance of United Nations agencies in the elaboration of health plans, and with support from international and national NGOs, the Ministry of Public Health is carrying out projects on family health in several neighbourhoods of Bissau. In addition, there is a project to combat endemic and epidemic diseases, including malaria and Cholera.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1997.

Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   
The Ministry of Environment, together with national and international NGOs, has been active in promoting environmental conservation through training, sensibilization, awareness raising, and education campaigns.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Regarding formal education, the Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Traditional Arts (MTAA), in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, has been introducing the theme of environment in pre-school programmes and secondary education.

Drawing contests on themes related to the environment are held primarily in the capital for primary and secondary schools students from different parts of the country. These contests are usually sponsored by NGOs.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

In terms of informal education and in the context of public awareness campaigns, several local private radio stations have begun hosting programmes in various local languages, sponsored by NGOs, aimed at raising awareness of environmental issues. In addition, the Ministry of Tourism and Environment (MTAA) has also carried out environmental campaigns in the National Radio station.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1997.

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   
The democratization of the country's political system, with the introduction of multi-party elections, and the coming municipal election campaign, will create favourable conditions for a new urban management approach. To date there was only one Municipal Council whose president was appointed and not elected.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

There are four cities in the country, Bissau, Bafatá, Gabú and Bolama, which need additional raw materials, energy, and basic infrastructure to meet the increasing needs of their populations. Steps have already been taken to improve the quality of human settlements, particularly in Bissau. These include the elaboration of an Urbanization Plan undertaken in collaboration with the Portuguese Government, notwithstanding the lack of financial resources for its implementation. In addition, a project to upgrade the capital's urban infrastructure, including the city's transportation system, the drainage system for pluvial waters, construction of additional public drinking fountains, among others, has also been implemented with cooperation assistance from the Dutch government. A private company and NGOs have also been involved in the collection of garbage in the capital.

AGEOPPE in collaboration with the Ministry of Public Works are presently implementing a project aimed at upgrading the capital's main roads and drainage system for pluvial waters. In addition, a National Land Management Plan is being elaborated by the Ministry of Social Equipment in collaboration with other ministries.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

The World Bank is presently co-financing the project aimed at upgrading the capital's main roads and drainage system for pluvial waters.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1997.

Click here to access UNCTAD's "Country Background" on Guinea Bissau, including a basic statistical profile and summary text.
Click here to access "BEST PRACTICES FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS"
For information related to human settlements and refugees, you may access the UNHCR Country Index by clicking here:

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