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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Guinea-Bissau

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN GUINEA-BISSAU

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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

All cooperation agreements are of the responsibility of the Ministry of International Cooperation and Planning.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

A programme for economic stabilization based on a freer economy, including increased credit for trade, particularly exports, among others, was drawn up and implemented in 1983, in collaboration with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Also under the guidance of the IMF and the World Bank, a structural adjustment programme was carried out in 1987.

Status 

With a per capita income of 202 US$ (September 1997), a high poverty rate, and a low GNP (240 US$), Guinea-Bissau is among the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and is therefore extremely dependent on development assistance, both from international financial agencies and the international community. Without this assistance, the country would not be able to implement most of its development projects. Many important projects have been discontinued due to the lack of financial and other resources needed for their implementation.

Cooperation with international governmental and non-governmental organizations, such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), USAID, the World Bank, the IMF, UNESCO, UNDP, and the African Development Bank, among others, is extremely important for it promotes the participatory development approach.

Challenges

The implementation of policies, plans and strategies is made increasingly difficult due to socio-economic and financial constraints, and to the lack of technology. Guinea-Bissau calls on the international community and developed countries to meet their commitments so we can face the environmental and development challenges and improve the living standards of the population. To achieve this goal within the principles of Agenda 21, the following needs to be taken into account:

- The multilateral trade system needs to be more open, equitable and predictable, compatible with the principles of sustainable development, and conducive to an optimal distribution of the global production, taking into consideration each country's comparative advantage.

- The capacity of developing countries to mobilize, through international trade, the resources needed to finance sustainable development needs to be strengthen by removing tariff barriers and other protectionist measures, improving market access and the terms of trade for the LDCs, among others.

- There is a need to increase technical cooperation, including technology transfer, know-how, and financial resources for sustainable development, taking into account the specific conditions of each country.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

In the area of fisheries, the country established new cooperation links aimed at strengthening technical and financial cooperation for capacity building, and promote the fisheries industry and the sustainable use of its marine resources, in an effort to achieve food security.

In the context of cooperation with the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP), Guinea-Bissau signed agreements with Portugal and Cape Verde in the areas of research, training, and institutional strengthening.

Cooperation with developed countries, particularly with Portugal, focus essentially on capacity building, training and financing for projects aimed at implementing Agenda 21 and other Rio commitments.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a member of the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), and the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP), among others. It has established bilateral and multilateral relations with various countries in such areas as trade, culture and education, and technology transfer, among others. Cooperation with Portugal has also increased in recent years.

Both prior to and following the Rio Conference, the government of Guinea-Bissau signed various cooperation agreements with international organizations working in the area of environment and sustainable development, including the IUCN, UNESCO, FAO, the Inter State Committee for Combating Desertification in the Sahel (CILSS), among others.

 

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: January 1998.

Click here to access UNCTAD's "Country Background" on Guinea Bissau, including a basic statistical profile and summary text.

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TRADE

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: January 1998.

Click here to access UNCTAD's "Country Background" on Guinea Bissau, including a basic statistical profile and summary text.

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies     

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The Government's policy has been to promote greater efficiency in the use of the country's natural resources, particularly in the energy sector. It has also attempted to reduce waste and minimize the over utilization of limited resources in the production process.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

The Government of Guinea-Bissau intends to promote research projects and awareness-raising campaigns, in collaboration with international organizations, aimed at reversing unsustainable consumption patterns, particularly to reduce the pressure on limited forest resources on which more than 90% of the population depend for fuelwood.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  
Several research projects on consumption and production patterns have been carried out in the country's major cities and regions to promote alternative sources of energy and preserve forest resources. These include the following:

- A project carried out by the Ministry of Rural Development and Agriculture, in collaboration with FAO, to encourage the reuse/recycling of waste wood products.

- An educational campaign to raise awareness for the need to make production more efficient and consumption more sustainable.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1997.

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FINANCING

No information is available.

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For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility ere:
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TECHNOLOGY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

It is important to highlight the role of NGOs in this context. There is a joint project between the Ministry of Rural Development and an American NGO to introduce new technologies, such as solar energy, to be used in irrigation and increase agricultural productivity without negative impacts on the environment.

Programmes and Projects  

No information is available.

Status 

In Guinea-Bissau, as in many developing countries, there is a need for a more favourable access to environmentally sound technologies and technical cooperation which allows for the transfer of skills and know how to operate those technologies.

The Government is aware of the fact that the availability of scientific and technological information and access to environmentally sound technologies is a prerequisite for achieving sustainable development. Given the country's socio-economic conditions, it has not been possible to develop these. The lack of infrastructure and an adequate information system on environmental issues and available technologies, makes it necessary to take into consideration the two interrelated components, namely to improve access to both information on end technologies and their ecological risks, and to environmentally sound technologies.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of Guinea Bissau to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1997.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

No information is available.

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Click here for the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biosafety WebPages
Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.

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INDUSTRY

No information is available.

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TRANSPORT

No information is available.

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

No information is available.

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