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INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA


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INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The National Committee for the Implementation of Agenda 21 (NACIA 21) has the mandate for policy formulation, advice and coordination. It is chaired by the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, with the following composition from the Government: Ministries of:

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement    

Major Group participants include the National Council for Women and Development, Universities of Ghana, Association of Ghana Industries, Ghana National Chamber of Commerce, Private Enterprise Foundation, Trades Union Congress, National Association of Local Government Associations, Ghana Private Voluntary Organisations in Development (GAPVOD), and the National Union of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status

National Decision-Making Structure

1. National Sustainable Development Coordination Body: YES
2. National Sustainable Development Policy: YES –Vision 2020
3. National Agenda 21/other strategy for SD: NO *
4. Local/Regional Agenda(s) 21: NO**
5. Environmental Impact Assessment Law: IN PROCESS
6. Major Groups involved in Sustainable Development Decision-Making: YES

* However, Ghana has a National Environmental Action Plan approved in 1991

** However, Local Action Plans have been prepared.

National Instruments and Programmes

1. Sustainable. Dev. or environmental education incorporated into school curricula: YES
2. Sustainable Development Indicators Program: YES
3. Ecolabel Regulations: NO
4. Recycle/Reuse Programs: NO
5. Green Accounting Program: NO
6. Access to Internet: YES
7. Access to World Wide Web: YES
8. A national World Wide Web Site for Sustainable Dev. or State of the Environment: NO
address:  N/A

Policies, Programmes, and Legislation

Does your country have either a policy, programme, and/or legislation consistent with Agenda 21 in:  
1. Combatting poverty: YES
2. Changing consumption and production patterns: NO
3. Atmosphere: YES
4. Land Use Planning: YES
5. Forest and Deforestation: YES
6. Desertification and Drought: YES
7. Sustainable Mountain Development: NO
8. Sustainable Agriculture: YES
9. Biological Diversity: YES
10. Biotechnology: YES*
11. Oceans and Coastal Areas: YES
12. Freshwater Management: YES
13. Toxic Chemicals: YES
14. Hazardous Wastes: IN PROCESS
15. Solid Wastes: IN PROCESS
16. Radioactive Wastes: IN PROCESS
17. Energy: YES
18. Transport: YES
19. Sustainable Tourism: YES

*Included in Biodiversity Strategy.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

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This information was provided by the Government of Ghana to the 7th Session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1999.

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MAJOR GROUPS

No information is available.

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SCIENCE

No information is available.

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INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The Statistical Service Department is responsible for collection, analysis, management and dissemination of information and data related to sustainable development and general economic and social development trends of the country.  However, various sector ministries notably the Ministries of:  Environment, Science and Technology; Food and Agriculture; Health; Works and Housing; Universities and District Assemblies have units that collect, analyze, manage and disseminate information on various aspects of sustainable development relating to the sector.

The Ministry of Communications has overall responsibility for formulating legislation and policies to guide the flow and management of information, and does so in collaboration with various sectors that have the responsibility for application of the information.

Every aspect of the public administration including information management has been decentralized to the District level.  Therefore, information management is both a top-down as well as bottom-up approach.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The constitution further guarantees the establishment of the National Media Commission as an independent body to promote and ensure the freedom and independence of the media for mass communication.  These have freed the print press and electronic media culminating in the establishment of numerous newspapers, FM radio stations, and new TV stations as well as internet cafes.

A draft National Communication Policy has been formulated to address policy issues relating to the convergence of the various sub-sectors with emphasis on the need to attract more private investment.

A National Communication Authority has also been established as an independent regulatory body for the telecommunications sub-sector.

Also, established is the National Information Clearing House Project, which aims at establishing links between the electronic systems operating within different institutions of government to facilitate improved access to and the sharing of information .

A programme on the use of indicators has been developed and is in use.  The implementation and achievement of Ghana's Medium Term Development Programme is based on collaboration between various sectors of the economy.  The sectoral goals have been designed to achieve the national goal and there are indicators to measure the extent of achievement of the sectoral goals.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

The groups listed below collect, assess, manage and disseminate information and data for decision-making on sustainable development covered by programmes/projects and they include:

Private Radio stations and private print media have been very involved in disseminating information at the local level.  The private sector is however, very involved in providing information for decision-making on socio-economic issues especially on the state of the economy and trade.

The Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology host the National Committee for developing and managing the Indicators for Sustainable Development programme.  This Committee which is an advisory body comprises of stakeholders from the government, research institutions, universities, the private sector and NGOs.

The lessons learnt are that while every institution is using indicators for planning and assessing their performance, this process is not coordinated and harmonized among the various institutions.  Thus, one of the responsibilities of the National Committee is to coordinate the process with all the groups involved.

Programmes and Projects   

The Environmental Management Component of the Natural Resource Management Programme is coordinating the establishment of:

The National Framework for Geo-spatial Information Management (NAFGIM) is in the process of developing an electronic network of institutions that produce and distribute data.  The data will be standardized to meet international requirements.

The sector hosting projects mentioned above have undergone a capacity-building process to enable them to collect data in the areas of sustainable development on a regular basis.  

In addition, the Statistical Service Department collects socio-economic data on a regular basis from the following areas:

Under NAFGIM, a website would be developed to integrate national information on environment and development.  The database being created by NAFGIM would be standardized to meet the national and global requirements.

The capacities of various NGOs and CBOs have been strengthened by donors under various programmes to improve access to information at the local level.  Regional and District libraries exist where information can be accessed.  Local FM Radio stations have been established to disseminate information.

Status

The structure of the information network related to sustainable development is yet to be developed.

There is adequate information available to meet the requirements of commercial, private, and public sector needs.  This information is generated by the private and public sector and can be accessed through the print media and general media and to some extent, via electronic network.

Sustainable development indicators are used in planning, assessment of status of attaining Sustainable Development and benchmarks.

Challenges  

Need to improve the capacity for gathering of national data for Development Planning and coordinating, harmonizing, standardizing national data.

The District Assemblies, Government Departments, and Private Sector have the greatest need for improved access to information in Ghana.

Major challenges are institutional, technical and financial capacity to develop a national information network for sustainable development.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

Policy planning under the Vision 2020 programme requires all sectors to use indicators for planning, assessment and benchmarks.

The Natural Resource Management Programme as well as various donor assisted programmes, have components for training of staff related to improving the collection, assessment, management and dissemination of information.

Information   

Publications and Libraries.  A website would be available when NAFGIM concludes the creation of a national meta database.

See all the other sub-headings for details.

Research and Technologies   

Geographic Information Systems are being used to develop a system for continuous and accurate data storage and management in the area of natural resource management.

Financing   

Figures not immediately available

Cooperation

Increased cooperation with development partners.  Ghana is one of the 2 countries that participated in the testing of the CSD's indicators of sustainable development programme.   By this, Ghana shared information on sustainable development with other countries that took part in the testing of  these indicators.

Ghana is signatory to the 3 global environmental conventions and has been participating in Sub-regional, Regional and International fora to discuss issues on sustainable development.

Ghana is in the process of establishing a national information system.  The experience gained in the process would be shared with other countries needing assistance.

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This information was provided by the Government of Ghana to the 9th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 2001.

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INTERNATIONAL LAW

No information is available.

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