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SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN FIJI

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POVERTY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

In the Fiji Poverty Study Report published in 1996 jointly by the Government and UNDP, the focus of the  strategy for combating poverty is to improve the productive capacity of the people; improve access to social services; and build capacities at the local level.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

NGO activities cover appropriate housing, assistance to school children, sustainable use of local resources and care of orphans.

Programmes and Projects 

Activities target the following:
- Institutional care and supervision for young persons and juveniles who are offenders or deemed to be at risk.
- A family assistance scheme for destitute, elderly persons as well as housing assistance.
- Legal aid for divorcees; adoption of infants; care and protection of children.

Income tax threshold is F$5,000. Education is tuition-free up to form 4.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

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DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

National priorities are to limit the rate of population growth so that it is compatible with sustained improvements in the standard of living, and to equip the population with a satisfactory range of skills for use in the workplace and society.
The Government targets to maintain a lower fertility rate among teenagers.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

Provisional results of the 1996 population census indicate the following:
- declining population growth rates overall and the lowest growth rate (10.8% per annum) between censuses since 1991;
- decrease in the proportion as well as the size of the overall rural population due to heavy Indian losses and a small Fijian increase.
- intensified urbanization particularly for Fijians. Urban dwellers now comprise 46.4% of the total population.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

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HEALTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies     

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

NGOs are involved in the advocacy of hygiene, nutrition, cancer detection, diarrhoea control, family planning, HIV/STD prevention etc. at the community level. Other services provided are sight and hearing testing for school children, trauma counselling services for patients such as diabetic amputees or for people recovering from such events as cyclones or total house fires; blood collection and education of symptoms such as "the bends", which can paralyze Scuba Divers who do not adhere to safe diving practices.

Programmes and Projects  

No information is available.

Status 

Infant mortality, neo-natal and maternal mortality rates have declined by 60% to 80% over the last two decades. Immunization coverage is over 90%. There were no cases reported in the last five years of major childhood communicable diseases (polio, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus). However, TB is increasing, although not at a high rate. Information on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV and AIDS, is difficult to obtain due to unreported cases, but STDs are believed to be increasing. There were 34 reported cases of AIDS as of mid-1995, and one of these had developed through pregnancy.
Non-communicable diseases are increasing. Cardiovascular diseases (for example, heart diseases and high blood pressure) and diabetes are major causes of death among adults in Fiji. Two thousand cases of malnutrition were reported in 1995. Most cases were either moderate or mild and only 1% was diagnosed as severe. Goitre is a relatively small problem. Anaemia is a significant problem, particularly among pregnant women. Substance abuse is being addressed by the Government through programmes at St. Giles Hospital, the Fiji Police Force, and the National Centre for Health Promotion.

Challenges

Most constructed structures are not accessible to persons with disabilities. Action and legislation for enabling and protecting persons with disabilities are needed in Fiji.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

To access the Health for All On-Line Database (WHO): Europe and CIS countries, click here:
Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

A key component of policies and strategies in education and training is the development of vocational and technical education in response to, and to cater for, market demand. Technical and vocational education will continue to be strengthened to provide students with relevant knowledge and skills to prepare them to enter society and the world and also to be responsible to market demand.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement    

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

The Government continues to maintain education through accrediting schools, recruiting teachers, developing the curriculum, providing resources including teaching materials, and providing external examinations. School attendance for all children but especially for rural and poor children is being encouraged through support services such as the tuition fee assistance scheme and remission of fees scheme for secondary school and increased per capita grants for primary school pupils.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Training needs in this area are great but are hindered by a lack of resources, expertise and funding. The linking of small rural training centres to larger centres in urban areas appears to be alleviating some problems.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

A growing public awareness of sustainable development in the community is a direct result of community support programmes conducted for schools and their communities. Ongoing work is still focussed on this area.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The main decision-making institutions for human settlement development are the Ministry for Urban Development, Housing and Environment, the Housing Authority, the Public Rental Board and the Central Planning Office

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The Government has also recently reviewed planning and infrastructure standards to make them more relevant to the needs of the poor.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Since the Earth Summit, the Ministry for Urban Development, Housing and Environment has reviewed its Housing and Urbanization Policy and a new set of policies on housing and urbanization was adopted in 1995. The main thrust of the new policy is the provision of necessary infrastructure, concessions and support as well as administrative and legislative mechanisms for the provision of affordable housing to various income groups.
The Government adopted a National Squatter Policy in 1995, which provides for a two-pronged approach to the squatter problem in Fiji. Upgrading of squatter colonies in consultation with landowners is recommended and policing is also recommended to contain the growth of squatter areas.

The Government encourages the use of innovative design in the planning of land subdivision for housing and the use of building materials other than concrete and timber for low income housing.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

Private sector involvement in housing is encouraged, and it is more active in the provision of serviced sites for the upper income group.
In the provision of housing, consultation with women and youths is undertaken.

Programmes and Projects 

For the destitute and disabled, who include the elderly, the deserted, widows and single mothers, the Government has been providing grants to "Housing Assistance and Relief Trusts", an NGO, for accommodation of these poor people.

Status 

Public sector housing is provided through the Housing Authority and the Public Rental Board. The former is involved in a sites and services programme as well as mortgage financing. The Public Rental Board provides rental accommodation to more than 1700 tenants.

Challenges

The provision of adequate shelter for all its people remains a challenge for the Government.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

Financing of housing projects has been possible through the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) as well as the local capital market.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

Click here to access "Best Practices for Human Settlements in Oceana, including Australia, New Zealand, PNG, Fiji, and Micronesia"

For information related to human settlements and refugees, you may access the UNHCR Country Index by clicking here:


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