Click here to go to the following issues:

Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Fiji

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN FIJI


Click here to go to these sections:

Integrated Decision-Making
Major Groups
Science
Information
International Law

INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The Sustainable Development Bill gives effect to the compulsory process of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) by all Government ministries, departments and agencies for all proposed developments, undertakings or activities which are likely to have an adverse effect on human health, society or the environment. All EIA reports are to be submitted to the Environmental Assessment Administrator of the Department of Environment for an assessment; the recommendations are subsequently submitted to the National Council for Sustainable Development for approval.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The Government's document "Opportunities for Growth", published in 1993, contains policies and strategies for sustainable development. Based on the recognition of the twin requirements of a high quality of life and a better environment, the Government's policy on sustainable development includes the following elements:
(i) ensuring that renewable resources are used in a sustainable manner;
(ii) ensuring that environmental management is an integral part of the planning and development process;
(iii) strengthening of institutional capacity for sound environment management;
(iv) use of environmental impact assessment studies for new project proposals;
(v) ensuring that environmental expenditures are prioritized on the basis of best estimates of their contribution to socio-economic development.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

 No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

 No information is available.

Status 

 No information is available.

Challenges

 No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising     

 No information is available.

Information

 No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

 No information is available.

Financing

 No information is available.

Cooperation

 No information is available.

 

* * *

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

For Government contacts in Fiji, click here.
For information on Environmental Law around the World, click here:

| Fiji | All Countries | Home |

 

MAJOR GROUPS

WOMEN

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

The Department of Women is also involved in completing a National Implementation Plan for Women which will address the commitments made by the Government at the UN Conference on Women.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was acceded 28 August 1995.

Fiji's first report to the CEDAW Committee is being finalized; the Fiji Law Reform Committee is working in the area of Family Law and the Department has already made its submission. The Department of Women has also commissioned a paper on a "Review of Laws that Discriminate Against Women", following a commitment made at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, September 1995).

A Cabinet decision in 1996 urged relevant authorities to increase women's membership by 30-50% in the next 3 to 5 years; and those Boards and Committees that do not have women should have them in the immediate future.

Regarding submissions for the Sustainable Development Bill, the Department responsible for these matters is represented in the Working Committee on the "Year of the Coral". It has facilitated workshops and environment education programmes for women in the rural and urban communities. It has also provided support for funding applications and other NGO programmes on the environment. Future plans are to mainstream gender balance into all environmental policies and programmes.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

NGOs are very active in this area of concern.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

In 1993, the percentage of women members on Boards and Committees was 9.7%; in 1996, it increased to 13.3%.
However, the percentage of women in government decreased from 25% (3 out of 12) in 1992 to 6.6% (1/15) in 1996, and the percentage of women in parliament decreased from 42% (3/70) in 1992 to 2.8% (2/70) in 1996. The percentage of women at local government level increased from 4% (6/159) in 1992 to 9.4% (13/138) in 1996.

No action has been taken yet in order to integrate gender-relevant knowledge in curricula and educational material.

Challenges

 No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

 No information is available.

Information

 No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

 No information is available.

Financing

 No information is available.

Cooperation

 No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

For information on Women Watch in different countries, click here:
For information on national plans of action in the follow-up to the Beijing Conference, click here:

 

CHILDREN AND YOUTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The following youth organizations are involved in a dialogue with Government:

  1. Provincial Youth Council;
  2. National Assembly of District Youth Council;
  3. Fiji National Youth Council;
  4. International Youth Organization (YWCA; YMCA; etc.).

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans    

Young people between the ages of 15 and 24 are the concern of youth programmes in Fiji. In 1996, these constituted about 20 percent of the total population. While in formal terms the programmes are targeted to every age group, much of the effort is focused in mobilizing and training unemployed youth and school leavers in various capacities to broaden and facilitate career development and self-employment.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges

The problem is not so much having access to appropriate secondary education or vocational training as the limited opportunities for paid employment. This problem has intensified in recent years due to a greater number of rural youth seeking employment in urban areas. In 1992, youth unemployment was 16.4%.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

 No information is available. 

Information 

 No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

 No information is available.

Financing 

 No information is available.

Cooperation

 No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

 

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

Indigenous people fully participate in national policy processes.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Policies and legal instruments to empower indigenous people and their communities are in place.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

 No information is available.

Programmes and Projects  

 No information is available.

Status 

Mechanisms for the involvement of indigenous people in resource management strategies and programmes are being discussed.

Challenges 

 No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

 No information is available.

Information 

 No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

 No information is available.

Financing 

 No information is available.

Cooperation

 No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

FOOSS as the representative NGO umbrella organization participates in government-established bodies, such as:
- the Department of Environment Committees (e.g. the Environment Week Committee and the Coral Reef Steering Committee);
- the National Disaster Management Council;
- the National Squatter Council; and
- the Technical Working Group on Poverty Alleviation.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

 No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

 No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

 No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

 No information is available.

Status  

 No information is available.

Challenges

 No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

Among the activities undertaken for environment awareness are:
- Publication of Sustainable Development issues in the quarterly "Voluntary Action Network";
- Posters conveying messages for a sustainable livelihood;
- Dissemination of sustainable development articles to key organizations;
- Inclusion of environmental impact studies in all projects seeking grants;
- Inclusion of sustainable development as a key topic in all civil society executive training programmes including the training of school managers.

Information 

 No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

 No information is available.

Financing 

 No information is available.

Cooperation

 No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

LOCAL AUTHORITIES

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The Government supports Local Agenda 21 initiatives. While local authorities have not formed Local Agenda 21s, they have adapted policies in pursuance of sustainable development. They have been guided by national policies e.g. on the preservation of mangroves, the conservation of wildlife and forest, coral reefs, waste disposal, littering in public places and pollution of the air, rivers and seas.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

 

WORKERS AND TRADE UNIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

In promoting and strengthening the role of the workers and their Trade Union, Fiji has done the following:

(a) Promoting Ratification of ILO Conventions
Fiji has ratified three out of the seven core Conventions, in addition to fourteen others, making a total of 17 ratifications so far. With the recent amendments of its labour legislation, Fiji would be in a position to ratify Convention No. 87 dealing with Freedom of Association and the Protection of the Right to Organize Convention 1948. This would bring the number of core conventions ratified to four, leaving a balance of three which could be ratified before the Year 2000. The conventions concerned are Convention
No. 100 concerning Equal Remuneration 1951; Convention No. 111 on Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) 1958, and Convention No. 138 dealing with the Minimum Age 1973.

(b) Establishing Bipartite and Tripartite Mechanisms on Safety, Health and Sustainable Development
The tripartite mechanism on safety and health is provided for in the newly enacted Health and Safety at Work Act 1996, which came into force on 1 November 1997. The Tripartite National Occupational Health and Safety Advisory Board established by the said Act would deal with the subject assisted by the Health and Safety Committees and the Health and Safety Representatives.

(c) Increasing Number of Environmental Collective Agreements
The Act is now in place and its impact will automatically influence negotiations in collective agreements to encompass environmentally friendly conditions to be drawn up. This impact could be more accurately gauged after a period of five or more years.

(d) Reducing Occupational Accidents and Injuries
The new Health and Safety at Work Act 1996 has shifted the responsibility of looking after the safety of workers to the workers themselves. As such, the emphasis would be placed on the concept of a safe workplace instead of a safe worker. This arrangement will compel employers to discuss the matter with workers and their representatives as to what is needed to create a safe workplace and thus reduce accidents and injuries.

(e) Increasing Workers' Education and Training Efforts
For any change to be effective in the workplace, increased education and training of the workers concerned is essential. To assist in this area, the Ministry responsible (under the new Health and Safety at Work Act) will be monitoring any injuries sustained in the various industries with a view to conducting training courses specifically geared to addressing those areas identified where further training is needed.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

Workers' views, apart from those obtained through the National Occupational Health and Safety Advisory Board, could also be obtained from the tripartite Labour Advisory Board, the existing eight Wage Councils and the Tripartite Forum.

Programmes and Projects  

No information is available.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

 

BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

No information available.

* * *

 

SCIENCE

No information available.

* * *

 

FARMERS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forests & ALTA (MAFF&A) is committed to agricultural sustainability.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Legislation for land conservation already exists and the Ministry of Agriculture has an Environmental Technical Committee.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

MAFF&A recognizes that problems of land and water degradation exist in Fiji, and it is formulating policies and practices to minimize them and their impact.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

The Fiji Sugar Corporation (FSC) works closely with the Fiji Sugar Cane Growers' Council and the Ministry of Agriculture attends all Provincial Council Meetings.

Programmes and Projects  

No information is available.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges 

As a developing nation, Fiji farmers cannot enjoy the same choices as farmers from developed nations. Moreover, there are no specific financial incentives for farmers in Fiji to conserve their land. Therefore, many challenges lie ahead for Fijian agriculture to ensure long-term sustainability.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

Sustainable farming practices and technologies are being promoted through applied research, crop and livestock extension programmes, the mass media and practical demonstrations.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

| Fiji | All Countries | Home |

 

SCIENCE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Emphasis is placed on technical vocational training to meet market demand.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

School buildings have been upgraded, scientific equipment of schools and teacher training have been improved.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information

A database on a national programme on human resources for planning purposes is being established.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

| Fiji | All Countries | Home |

 

INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information

The following matrix gives an overview of how national authorities rate the availability of information for decision-making:

<Rating of available data and information suitable for decision-making>

Agenda 21 Chapters

Very good

Good

Some good data but many gaps

Poor

Remarks

2. International cooperation and trade  

*

     
3. Combating poverty  

*

     
4. Changing consumption patterns  

*

     
5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability  

*

     
6. Human health  

*

     
7. Human settlements  

*

     
8. Integrating E & D in decision-making  

*

     
9. Protection of the atmosphere    

*

   
10. Integrated planning and management of land resources  

*

     
11. Combating deforestation  

*

     
12. Combating desertification and drought  

*

     
13. Sustainable mountain development        

N/A

14. Sustainable agriculture and rural development        

N/A

15. Conservation of biological diversity  

*

     
16. Biotechnology      

*

 
17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources    

*

   
18. Freshwater resources    

*

   
19. Toxic chemicals  

*

     
20. Hazardous wastes    

*

 

N/A

21. Solid wastes      

*

 
22. Radioactive wastes  

*

     
24. Women in sustainable development  

*

     
25. Children and youth  

*

     
26. Indigenous people  

*

     
27. Non-governmental organizations    

*

   
28. Local authorities  

*

     
29. Workers and trade unions          
30. Business and industry    

*

   
31. Scientific and technological community    

*

   
32. Farmers  

*

*

   
33. Financial resources and mechanisms    

*

   
34. Technology, cooperation and capacity-building  

*

     
35. Science for sustainable development    

*

   
36. Education, public awareness and training  

*

     
37. International cooperation for capacity-building    

*

   
38. International institutional arrangements    

*

   
39. International legal instruments    

*

   
40. Information for decision-making    

*

   

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

| Fiji | All Countries | Home |

 

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status  

No information is available.

Challenges 

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available.

Information 

No information is available.

Research and Technologies   

No information is available.

Financing 

No information is available.

Cooperation

Fiji became a Party to the following Agreements on the dates indicated:

CONVENTION DATE
1. Convention on the High Seas 1970
2. International Plant Protection Agreement 1956
3. Convention on the Continental Shelf 1970
4. Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas 1971
5. Plant Protection Agreement for South East Asia 1971
6. Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, Outer Space and Underwater 1972
7. Treaty on Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 1972
8. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil 1972
9. Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, and Stockpiling of Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons and their Destruction 1973
10. International Atomic Energy Agency 1973
11. International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties 1975
12. International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1975
13. South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency Convention 1979
14. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982
15. International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage 1983
16. South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty and Protocol 1985
17. Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 1989
18. Convention on the Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific (Apia Convention) 1989
19. Convention for the Protection of Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific and their Related Protocols (SPREP Convention) 1989
20. Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1990
21. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 1992
22. Convention on Biological Diversity 1992
23. Trans-Boundary Movement of Hazardous Waste in the South Pacific Region (Waigani Convention) 1996

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997



| Natural Resource Aspects | Economic Aspects | Social Aspects |

| Fiji | All Countries | Home |