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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Fiji

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN FIJI

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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

No information available.

For Fiji's Trade and Investment Board, click here.

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TRADE

No information available.

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Policy objectives include the following:

a. Improve and strengthen household food security
At present, approximately 57% of the country's food as well as 60% of its protein and 64% of its fat, are imported. The Government's current policy emphasizing export-oriented agriculture, may result in an increased dependence on imported food. An attempt should be made to modify the agriculture policy in order to increase domestic food production, with the aim of having more than 50% of the country's food supplied locally.
UNICEF support for family food production oriented projects within MAFFA has assisted the Ministry to refocus on domestic food production. The World Food Summit (Rome, 1996) has also provided an impetus for MAFFA to begin to redirect resources so that they also address food security issues.

b. Improve and strengthen the promotion of local foods
Nutrition and health education are continuing to promote local foods as better alternatives for good health (c.f. imported foods, which are generally processed and have a high salt, sugar and fat content, and minimal fibre). Current analysis of local foods at the University of the South Pacific has provided evidence of the nutritional superiority of these foods. Selling the idea of their superior nutritional quality over the cheaper but less nutritious imported foods is what is needed. Greater emphasis on local food production with resources allocated to research and improved cultivars and marketing of local foods may improve their competitiveness. At the moment, the convenience offered by imported foods in terms of storability and ease in preparation (in an almost ready-to-eat state) make them more attractive and in some cases a more economical choice. However, the costs they incur in the long run) may offset their current advantages.
Support is provided for NGO activity, especially KANA in boarding schools, and Soqosoqo Vakamarama etc. for improved family nutrition.

c. Incorporation of Food and Nutrition in the formal education system
The teaching of Food and Nutrition as a subject up to 7th form level and subject to examination, makes it possible to create awareness and impart knowledge so that young people can make informed food choices, hopefully for the better. It is encouraging to note that at this level both girls and boys are enrolled in the subject.
There is a need, however, to ensure that the curriculum does contribute to a greater appreciation of local foods, and that it is geared to helping students avoid being victims of diet-related diseases. The curriculum needs to be specific to the country's current health problems.
Awareness created in students can be reinforced if the Ministry of Education adopts supportive health promotion policies such as health and nutrition policy for schools, and ensures that schools provide a health promoting environment, e.g. school canteens.

d. Deregulation Policy
There is an urgent need to ensure that food safety regulations and quality control standards are in place and are enforced. Otherwise, the country could be left open to being a dumping ground for food of inferior quality and safety.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

The current trend is to adopt a Westernized dietary pattern. Over the years this consumption pattern has resulted in increasing dependence on overseas food supplies, partly due to changing production priorities domestically, with greater emphasis on cash and export crops and also, to some extent, insufficient domestic supplies. Wider exposure to exotic foods through mobility and marketing (advertisements, TV, etc.) have led to changing preferences, such that more and more people are preferring imported refined food compared to indigenous food. With the changing consumption patterns and also changing lifestyles, the emerging disease patterns are similar to those that are prevalent overseas, a major cause being a diet which is rich in saturated and unsaturated fat and minimal fibre.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

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FINANCING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Through the Sustainable Development Bill the Government is working towards providing the use of market-based instruments such as tradeable rights and taxes in almost all sectors where there is an abundance of natural resources, particularly in the fisheries and marine sectors. This will ensure a move towards market-based instruments/incentives to provide the right market signals to prices or resources and investment, cost, etc., from the traditional regulatory framework, which is known for its costly administrative inefficiencies.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.  

Financing

Financial resources to undertake globally, regionally and nationally significant activities are limited. However, some assistance has been forthcoming from overseas donors. These have come mainly from:
the Foundation for the South Pacific (FSP); World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF); South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP); Tourism Council of the South Pacific (TCSP); South Pacific Commission (SPC); United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Small grant schemes have been provided by various developed countries, such as the USA, Japan, Canada, New Zealand and Australia. Funds have come from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) for regional programmes and for Fiji's preparation of the Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. The European Union (EU), World Bank and Asian Development Bank (ADB) have funded environment-related projects in the infrastructure, education, agriculture and health sectors.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility, click here:
For information about issues and projects in Asia and and the Pacific from the World Bank, click here:

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TECHNOLOGY

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

In the same manner, technical assistance and technologies accessible to Fiji in international and regional organizations would be approached in an integrative manner by the Ministries concerned.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The Sustainable Development Bill makes provision for an effective sustainable policy formulation process. This process is to be established within every government ministry, department or statutory body that has responsibility for the management or administration of social, economic, environmental or natural resource matters. This would ensure that policy formulation is undertaken through the broadest possible consultation and participation.
The Sustainable Development Bill would empower various Ministries to formulate environmental management policies related to their respective areas of work. Technologies that are introduced to Fiji would be insured by the Government Ministries that receive them, and those that are relevant to promote sustainable development in the sectors.
The Sustainable Development Bill would also empower planning authorities to ensure cleaner production of new industries. Codes of practice would be formulated to enable self-regulation of industries, including monitoring and auditing of operations on a regular basis. Codes of Practice would ensure that industries meet the standards of the ISO 14000 series. International and regional organizations would be approached to fund projects on training which would be required in order to implement the Bill. A donors meeting for this purpose was organized in September 1997.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.
Click here for the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biosafety WebPages

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INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

The Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry does not administer laws, standards or programmes specifically dealing with sustainable management. However, the Ministry is working on a Memorandum of Understanding with Australia and New Zealand on the effective enforcement of international standards which will address environmental issues.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The new ISO 14000 Standard series dealing specifically with environmental issues is being encouraged and will be implemented by the office of Fair Trading and Consumer Affairs.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

 No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

 No information is available

Programmes and Projects 

 No information is available

Status 

 No information is available

Challenges

 No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

 No information is available

Information

 No information is available

Research and Technologies  

 No information is available

Financing

 No information is available

Cooperation

 No information is available

 

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This information is based on Fiji's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: May 1997

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TRANSPORT

No information available.

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

No information available.

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For information on tourism in Fiji, click here.



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