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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Egypt

SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN EGYPT

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POVERTY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

The Egyptian Environment Affairs Agency has been a partner in a number of projects aimed at developing environmental cost efficient techniques to assist communities in improved resource management and utilization. The Agency also assists indigenous populations and victims of natural disasters.

Status 

During the 1980s, real GNP per capita grew at an annual rate of about 2.5 per cent. During that time, Egypt enjoyed a remarkable stability in the distribution of income, with a high-income quantile to a low-income quantile ratio of 5.7. Nevertheless, almost one-third of the population--about 19 million people--live below the poverty line.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

 

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This information is based on Egypt's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

For Egypt's Social Fund for Development, click here.

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DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Population Council is the main body responsible for population policy in Egypt.

Decision-MakingLegislation and Regulations

No information available.

Decision-MakingStrategies, Policies and Plans

No information available.

Decision-MakingMajor Groups involvement

No information available.

Status

The Governments view regarding population growth as well as fertility level was that both were too high; the Government has intervened to lower the growth rate, which dropped from 5.3 per woman in 1980 to 3.9 in 1992. In 1993 total population was 56.5 million; population density was 56 people per square kilometer.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

 

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This information is based on Egypt's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

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HEALTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Health and Egyptian Environment Affairs Agency are responsible for health issues in Egypt.

Decision-MakingLegislation and Regulations

No information available.

Decision-MakingStrategies, Policies and Plans

No information available.

Decision-MakingMajor Groups involvement

No information available.

Status

Egypt has a relatively well-established network of health facilities in rural and urban areas. It was one of the first countries in the area to create a comprehensive, nation-wide health system. However, despite some recent improvements in the incidence rates of some diseases and a high health-manpower/population ratio, most health indicators lag behind the standard prevailing in many developing countries.

Challenges

The major health problems include endemic diseases such as gastro-intestinal diseases, diarrhoeal diseases, anemia, trachoma and chronic infections and parasitic diseases. These problems are mainly a function of poverty, an unsanitary environment, the inappropriate distribution of health resources among the various regions and socio-economic groups and limited government resources. While potable water is available to almost all the urban population, unsanitary disposal of liquid and solid wastes and inadequate personal hygiene are still major sources for dissemination and prevalence of infectious diseases.

The health system is largely curative and physician-oriented despite the fact that the major health problems are endemic and amenable to preventive--rather than curative--action. Hospitals absorb almost two-thirds of the Ministry of Health budget, while primary health care receives 25 per cent and preventive services only 12 per cent of the budget. The financial distribution of this budget is also urban-oriented.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

No information available.

Information

No information available.

Research and Technologies

No information available.

Financing

No information available.

Cooperation

No information available.

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This information is based on Egypt's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update:  April 1997

For information on HealthNet, click here for the national Web Site of Egypt:
Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

No information available.

Decision-MakingLegislation and Regulations

No information available.

Decision-MakingStrategies, Policies and Plans

The Egyptian Government has developed an Educational and Awareness Strategy to complement all initiatives towards improving the environment.

Decision-MakingMajor Groups involvement

Egypt encourages NGO involvement in its environmental education work. Three NGO representatives serve on the Board of EEAA, and the government cooperates with NGOs in other activities, including several training programs developed specifically for NGOs.

Programmes and Projects

It has reoriented school curricula toward environmental protection, implemented an Environment Education and Training Program, and established an Environmental Auditing Program to improve school environments.

Status

No information available.

Challenges

No information available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

The Government has sought to increase public awareness by establishing several media programs established during the past 5 years, developing an environmental journal and Green Message for journalist, and implementing an environmental awareness campaign to enforce Law No. 4 of 1994.

Egypt has developed more than 60 training programs for line ministers and organized more than 120 workshops for several environmental bodies (decision-makers - local environmental bodies, etc.), in the area of environment and development.

Information

No information available.

Research and Technologies

No information available.

Financing

No information available.

Cooperation

These efforts are supported by several countries and international agencies, including DANIDA, CIDA, ODA and USAID.

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This information is based on Egypt's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

For educational organizations in the field of environment, click here.
For multimedia public awareness-raising programmes, click here. (Under construction)

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The following ministries and bodies are engaged in human settlement issues: Ministry of Housing and New Communities, Egyptian Environment Affairs Agency, Ministry of Planning, and the Ministry of Public Works.

Decision-MakingLegislation and Regulations

No information available.

Decision-MakingStrategies, Policies and Plans

Water supply and sanitation are priority target areas for action. Strategies for potable water supply and municipal waste water treatment are currently being developed, taking regional characteristics into consideration.

Decision-MakingMajor Groups involvement

No information available.

Programmes and Projects

No information available.

Status

Substantial efforts have been made to address pollution from domestic sewage. Fifty waste water treatment plants have been constructed throughout the country; another 50 are in various stages of completion. Solid waste management systems, addressing regions with different conditions, are being developed.

Challenges

The Government of Egypt is also taking serious action towards tackling the problem of random housing settlements.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

No information available.

Information

No information available.

Research and Technologies

No information available.

Financing

No information available.

Cooperation

No information available.

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This information is based on Egypt's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update:  April 1997


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