Click here to go to the following issues:

Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |Czech

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CZECH REPUBLIC


Click here to go to these sections:

INTEGRATED DECISION-MAKING

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies  

The Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic is the central body for state administration in environmental matters. District authorities, municipalities and local authorities are responsible for administrative duties. The administration is complemented by special state administration bodies, including the Czech Inspection of the Environment, bodies providing administrative functions for the regional nature reserves and protected areas, and bodies overseeing the operation of national parks. These state and local administration bodies draw advice and support from various institutions such as the Czech Hydro meteorological Institute, the Water Research Institute, the Agency for Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection, the Czech Ecological Institute, Geofund and the Research Institute of Ornamental Gardening.

The inter-ministerial Commission for Sustainable Development and International Cooperation resulted from restructuring in November 1996 of the original Czech National Commission on Sustainable Development (CN CSD) which had been established in 1994 by uniting the former Commission for International Relations and the Advisory Board of the Deputy Minister and Director of Section on Environmental Policy -- both bodies of the MoE CR. The Commission has sixteen members and is chaired by the Deputy Minister and the Director of Section of Environmental Policy, Mr. V. Bizek. Among its responsibilities are the development of state environment policy, issues related to economic instruments, education and public awareness, and the organization of workshops in cooperation with the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Between 1990 and 1995, fourteen new acts, numerous amendments and dozens of other legal provisions were adopted and enacted to establish a system of normative, economic, institutional and informational instruments to protect the environment in the Czech Republic. Inter alia, Act No. 17/1992 on the protection of the environment provides the basic notions and principles in this respect. Obligations related to environmental impact assessment (EIA) are provided in the Act of the Czech National Council No. 244/1992 regarding environmental impact assessments. The law provides obligations and procedures for buildings and structures, but provisions relating to the assessment of products, plans and transboundary impacts are not clearly defined. Council Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control is also implemented. Current legislation covers the most important areas of environmental protection more or less likely effectively. There are deficiencies in providing uniform terminology.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

In 1990, the first national environmental policy document in the Czech Republic, the Rainbow Programme, was formulated. Subsequently, new institutions were established, a complex system of environmental legislation adopted, and new economic instruments introduced. Up to now the Czech Republic did not officially prepare a national Agenda 21 sensu stricto. Nevertheless, there exists an equivalent plan of a long-term strategy of environmental protection and sustainable development which is based on Act No. 17/1992 Coll. on the environment dated December 5, 1991. In its preamble this law speaks of "a human's right to transform nature in accordance with the principle of sustainable development", "the responsibility for maintaining a healthy environment for future generations" and of "the right to a favourable environment as one of the principal rights of a human being". In its 6, the act defines sustainable development according to the Brundtland concept. The State Environmental Policy, approved by the Government of the Czech Republic on 23 August, 1995 is based on the above-mentioned act.

The new strategy identifies several priority levels of sustainability based on the following principles: (1) the precautionary principle; (2) the polluter-pays principle; (3) the technical feasibility principle; (4) the substitution principle; and (5) the critical load principle. Priorities are divided into short-term (up to the year 1998), medium-term (1999-2005); and long-term (2005), as follows:

Short-term priorities

- Improving air quality through further reduction of harmful emissions;

- Improving water quality by limiting pollution discharges;

- Reduction of the production of waste, especially hazardous waste;

- Eliminating the impact of harmful physical and chemical factors;

- Remedying previous environmental damage ("old burdens").

The evaluation of the quality of the environment in the CR between 1989 and 1994 indicates that, from a geographical perspective, the priority problem areas (hot spots) continue to be concentrated in Northern Bohemia, Northern Moravia and in the Capital City of Prague.

Medium-term priorities:

- Creating land use provisions safeguarding efficient protection of the individual components of the environment;

- Increasing the water retention capacity of land;

- Continued reclamation of areas devastated by extensive mining activities.

Long-term priorities:

- Climate protection;

- Protection of the Earth's ozone layer;

- Conservation and reestablishing biological diversity and thus renewing the ecological equilibrium of the landscape.

Priorities in science and technology and in the area of foreign relations can be further distinguished.

The principal strategic goals of the State Environment Policy are (1) to reach by the year 2005 the level of environmental quality reached by Western Europe in 1990, and (2) to reach a level comparable to Western Europe by the year 2015. The State Environmental Policy will be updated regularly on the basis of the National Performance Review, published annually in the Czech Republic.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

The Commission for the Environment of the Czech Academy of Sciences contributes to a more extensive application of scientific knowledge in the forming of future environmental policies in the spirit of Agenda 21. This Commission has twenty-five members from universities, academic and research institutes and the Ministry of the Environment. It was established in the 1970's and restructured in 1989.

The Charles University Environment Center, led by the first environment minister, Professor B. Moldan, concentrates its activity almost completely on problems of sustainability implementation, primarily in the fields of strategy, indicators of sustainable development, and philosophy.

The Society for Sustainability Living, founded in 1993, is an NGO with several hundreds of members and which engages in ecological problems and associated disciplines in the spirit of the Rio agreements. The Czech Business Council for Sustainable Development, founded also in 1993, is a body established by a number of Czech industrial companies. Its primary mission is to become a leading business advocate for issues regarding sustainable development, to demonstrate and share progress achieved in environmental management in businesses, and finally, to spread results achieved in environmental protection, energy efficiency, sustainable resource management and to prevent air, water and soil pollution as well as waste production.

These bodies, along with the Czech National Commission on Sustainable Development and several NGO's (e.g. Children of the Earth, the Green Circle etc.) try to initiate the process of sustainable development in the Czech Republic. This task in current conditions is a very slow and not at all simple process as in most other countries of the CEEC region. In the Czech Republic specifically, the first governmental institutions dealing with environmental problems as a whole were founded only after 1989. The deep political and economic changes and the problem of the division of former Czechoslovakia naturally had, and still have, the priority attention of the government and of the majority of the population.

Programmes and Projects 

Several specific programmes exist which are in principle connected with sustainability: the Air Recovery Programme, Radon Programme, Programme of Revitalization of River Systems, Programme of Preservation of the Landscape and the National Ecolabelling Programme.

The Environmental Remediation Programme was launched in 1993 to support projects which serve the MoE in its decision-making. The MoE also supports projects in the framework of the programme "Science and Research" which begun in 1993, with four main branches: (I) environmental risk assessment; (ii) complex research of waters and watersheds; (iii) nature conservation and landscape protection, and (iv) geology.

Status

An important issue for the CR is the Dobris Process, which begun in former Czechoslovakia due to the initiative of Mr. J. Vavrouek, the first Czechoslovak federal Minister of the Environment, who in June 1991 organized the first Pan-European conference of environment ministers at Castle Dobris near Prague. This process which is linked with the implementation of sustainable development in the European scale continued in 1993 in Luzern, and in 1995, in Sophia. In 1998, the ministerial conference shall take place in Aarhus, in Denmark. One of the most remarkable results of the Dobris Process is the first, and up to now, unique publication "Europe's Environment".

National Decision-Making Structure

1. National Sustainable Development Coordination Body: X
2. National Sustainable Development Policy: X
3. National Agenda 21/other strategy for SD X
4. Local/Regional Agenda(s) 21: X
5. Environmental Impact Assessment Law: X
6. Major Groups involved in Sustainable Development Decision-Making: X

National Instruments and Programmes

1. Sustainable. Dev. or environmental education incorporated into school curricula: X
2. Sustainable Development Indicators Program: X
3. Ecolabel Regulations: X
4. Recycle/Reuse Programs:  
5. Green Accounting Program:  
6. Access to Internet: X
7. Access to World Wide Web: X
8. National World Wide Web Site for Sustainable Development or State of the Environment:  

Policies, Programmes and Legislation

1. Combating poverty:  
2. Changing consumption and production patterns: X
3. Atmosphere: X
4. Land Use Planning: X
5. Forest and Deforestation:  
6. Desertification and Drought: X
7. Sustainable Mountain Development: X
8. Sustainable Agriculture:  
9. Biological Diversity: X
10. Biotechnology:  
11. Oceans and Coastal Areas:  
12. Freshwater Management: X
13. Toxic Chemicals:  
14. Hazardous Wastes: X
15. Solid Wastes: X
16. Radioactive Wastes:  
17. Energy: X
18. Transport:  
19. Sustainable Tourism: X

Challenges

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising 

No information is available

Information 

No information is available

Research and Technologies 

No information is available

Financing

Implementation of environmental policies is financed from the State budget, the State Environment Fund, and the National Property Fund. The private sector and foreign assistance are also important funding sources.

Cooperation

The Czech Republic is a signatory to the most important international conventions for environmental protection, and has met the obligations and commitments of these conventions. Bilateral environmental agreements have been concluded with 11 countries and additional agreements are being negotiated.  

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the 5th and 9th Sessions  the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: March 2001..

Click here for the State Environmental Policy.
Click here for the legislative regulations for the conservation of the environment in the Czech Republic.
For information on decision-making in the Czech Republic, click here.
Click here for programmes of the Ministry of the Environment.
Click here for annual reports of the Ministry of the Environment.
For information on Environmental Regulations, click here.
For information on Organizational changes in environmental protection, click here.
Click here for information on economic evaluation.
Click here for information on the Czech Republic's ecolabel.
Click here for information on environmental impact assessment.
For information on Environmental Law around the World, click here:

| Czech Republic | All Countries | Home |

 

MAJOR GROUPS

WOMEN

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The Czech Republic ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women on 22 February 1993.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Policies and strategies to eliminate obstacles to the full participation of women in sustainable development have already been drawn up, and curricula and educational material currently promote gender relevant knowledge. Further, mechanism are in place to assess implementation and impact of development and environment policies and programmes on women.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available  

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status 

Women have had equal rights under the Constitution of the Czech Republic since 1918.

  1992 1994 1996
Percentage of women in government 0 -- 0
Percentage of women in parliament 9.5 -- 14
Percentage of women at local government level 0 17.9 --

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

For information on WomenWatch in different countries, click here:
For information on national plans of action in the follow-up to the Beijing Conference, click here:

 

CHILDREN AND YOUTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status

Youth unemployment has decreased from 23,428 in 1992 to 20,399 in 1995. In addition, the goal established in Agenda 21 -- that by the year 2000 more than 50% of youth, gender balanced, have access to appropriate secondary education or vocational training -- has been reached.

There are various activities of children and youth concentrated on environmental problems, some of them nationally coordinated, as well as many NGOs (e.g. Czech Nature Conservation Federation, Brontosaurus Movement, Association of Brontosaurus) and ecocentres that promote appropriate activities by youth groups (special clubs).

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

 

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

Not applicable.

 

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

The administration is complemented by special state and local administration bodies which draw advice and support from various institutions such as the Czech Hydro meteorological Institute, the Water Research Institute, the Agency for Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection, the Czech Ecological Institute, Geofund and the Research Institute of Ornamental Gardening.

The Commission for the Environment of the Czech Academy of Sciences contributes to a more extensive application of scientific knowledge in the forming of future environmental policies in the spirit of Agenda 21. This Commission has twenty-five members from universities, academic and research institutes and the Ministry of the Environment. It was established in the 1970s and restructured in 1989.

The Charles University Environment Center, led by the first environment minister, Professor B. Moldan, concentrates its activity almost completely on problems of sustainability implementation, primarily in the fields of strategy, indicators of sustainable development, and philosophy.

The Society for Sustainable Living, founded in 1993, is an NGO with several hundreds of member and which engages in ecological problems and associated disciplines in the spirit of the Rio agreements. The Czech Business Council for Sustainable Development, founded also in 1993, is a body established by a number of Czech industrial companies. Its primary mission is to become a leading business advocate for issues regarding sustainable development, to demonstrate and share progress achieved in environmental management in businesses, and finally, to spread results achieved in environmental protection, energy efficiency, sustainable resource management and to prevent air, water and soil pollution as well as waste production.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available 

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

 

LOCAL AUTHORITIES

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

A number of NGOs asking for support from the Ministry of the Environment are active in developing Local Agendas 21 on the implementation of sustainability principles, especially in the field of ecological education and raising public awareness, nature conservation and sustainable development as a whole (e.g., Czech Union of Nature Conservation - Branch Veronica in Brno).

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects

No information is available 

Status

In the Czech Republic, there are several enlightened local authorities which strive to manage their community in an environmentally-sustainable way, e.g., in Din (especially sustainable energy sources), d'ŕr nad Sázavou (waste management), eský Krumlov (environment management in a town proclaimed by UNESCO as a site with worldwide importance as a cultural and historical heritage), and Mikulov (in cooperation with environmentally-oriented NGOs -- development of ecotourism in a transboundary area). Most of these towns do not exceed 50,000 inhabitants.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information

An important information measure for local management of environmental and sustainability problems is the translation and publishing of the "Guide to Environmental Management for Local Authorities in Central and Eastern Europe," by the International Environmental Agency for Local Governments (ICLEI). This compendium comprises about eighteen volumes covering all relevant aspects of the issues, based on the application of Agenda 21.

Research and Technologies

No information is available 

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

 

WORKERS AND UNIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

No information is available  

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation

ILO Conventions have been ratified, and workers take some part in national Agenda 21 decisions and implementation.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: April 1998.

 

BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

The Czech Business Council for Sustainable Development, founded also in 1993, is a body established by a number of Czech industrial companies. Its primary mission is to become a leading business advocate for issues regarding sustainable development, to demonstrate and share progress achieved in environmental management in businesses, and finally, to spread results achieved in environmental protection, energy efficiency, sustainable resource management and to prevent air, water and soil pollution as well as waste production.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

In addition to economic instruments, an effective instrument has been the negotiation on voluntary agreements between the State administration and pollution producers. For example, in 1995, the Ministry of Environment concluded such an agreement with the Association of Manufacturers of Washing Powders for the gradual reduction of environmentally harmful substances from their products. As the first post-Communist country to take such an initiative, the Czech Republic introduced an eco-labeling programme in 1994. In 1995, 90 products had been granted the right to use an eco-label, and several of the responsible companies reported a significant increase in the sales of these products. In the near future, the Czech Republic's eco-labeling programme will be harmonized with that of the Member States of the European Union.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

 

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COMMUNITY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

The Commission for the Environment of the Czech Republic Academy of Science concentrates on principles of sustainable development. Lectures on the environment are given to seventeen university faculties.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

 

FARMERS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The State Agricultural Policy emphasizes the role of farmers. A Programme on Ecoagronomy was prepared.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies 

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

   

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

| Czech Republic | All Countries | Home|

SCIENCE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available

Status   

No information is available,,,,

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

Since 1989, research and development have undergone considerable structural and budgetary changes. In 1990, the central planning of research was abolished, but the Academy of Sciences has been preserved as an institution financed from the State budget. The institutes of the Academy of Sciences are much better equipped than the universities. In 1993, the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic was founded to ensure equal access by all researchers to funding sources, regardless of their status in the organization. The privatization process has led to an increase in investments by industry in R & D.  The scientific capacity of the Czech Republic is now in the process of transformation. Research is developing, especially in universities.

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.

| Czech Republic | All Countries | Home|

INFORMATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

Basic information related to SD is available at Ministry of Environment and its directly subordinate institutions (Czech Environmental Inspection, State Environmental Fund, research institutes in the area of the environment) and other central institutions, e.g. the Ministries of:  Industry and Trade, Transport and Communications, Agriculture, Health, etc. These authorities are responsible for collection, analysis and dissemination of information, some of which is related to SD. At a regional level, the relevant information is available from the environmental departments of the District Authorities. It is expected that, following stabilization of the regional self-governing units and the state administration, the information will be kept by the Regional Authorities. In CR, the Czech Statistical Office is responsible for statistics.

The same rules as for the central level hold for lower levels of management.  The relevant laws hold for all the authorities in the public administration that have information on the environment.  The Ministry of Environment is in a position of methodical leadership in relation to the lower levels of  the state administration in the framework of environmental education, enlightenment and public awareness.  The lower levels of  the public information do not produce special information on SD.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Formulation of policy and legislation related to information on the environment takes place at Ministry of Environment both in the Strategy Department and also in the Legislative Department. A priority in the Czech Republic is harmonization of the legislation with the European Communities and this is also true for the area connected with information on SD.

Legislation in this area has completely changed since 1992. All the laws on the environment that have been amended or newly formulated contain sections on informing the public. In recent years, the Czech Republic has passed two new laws transposing Directive 90/313/EEC, on free access to information on the environment:

No. 123/1998 Coll., on the right to information on the environment

No. 106/1999 Coll., on free access to information

In the year 2000, Government Resolution No. 1048 of October 23, 2000 was approved, on the State Program of Environmental Education, Enlightenment and Public Awareness in the Czech Republic, which is based on the principle of SD.  The principles of SD are contained in the State Environmental Policy , No. 323, of April 14, 1999.  

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

Collection, evaluation and utilization of information related to SD is part of the work of organizations established by Ministry of Environment (the Czech Environmental Inspection, research institutes, etc.) and, at a local level, the environmental departments of the District Authorities. In the future, this will be the responsibility of the regions. These institutions are concerned primarily with monitoring the environment, storing data in databases and their validation. The use of data and distribution of information also lies within the competence of the central state administrative bodies.

In recent years, this area began to develop primarily in connection with the creation of integrated pollution registers and with the Act on integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC), on which preparatory work is now being completed. Ministry of Environment  cooperates with most important enterprises in CR.  In addition to bodies of the state administration, some NGOs cooperating with industry, such as the Czech Cleaner Production Center and the Czech Ecological Management Center, are consulted on this aspect. Cooperation with industrial enterprises is mentioned in point 12.

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

In the Czech Republic there is no special information network related to SD. The administrative bodies and other institutions that have information on the environment, make it available on their web sites.

Challenges  

Industry, energy production, agriculture, transportation, regional state administration, and tourism require the most immediate attention in improving the flow and management of information.  There are no substantial differences in relation to access to information in the individual regions of CR. Investments in this area into children and youth are most effective, i.e. at the elementary school level.  In the construction of information systems in the public administration, the greatest difficulties are associated with financing and technical facilities, followed by personnel and training of technicians and users of the system.

The main difficulty in utilizing new technologies lies in the relatively high price of the Internet for all levels of users (the state administration, research and scientific workplaces, schools, the public).

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

The Ministry of Environment utilizes NGOs to increase awareness of SD. Annually it announces calls for tenders for NGOs on subject areas related to SD. In addition, it financially supports environmental education centers which are extensively located over the entire country (about 50). Ministry of Environment organizes publishing of its own enlightenment and educational materials (handbooks, leaflets, CD-ROM, web sites). In recent years, training of experts and professional employees in communications and information collection has been held in the framework of a number of foreign programs. These were primarily programs supported by the Netherlands (Matra) or Great Britain (Know-How Fund).

Information   

The Ministry of Environment provides important information on the environment on its web site. Amongst other things, it provides a list of the addresses of all the bodies of the state administration mentioned in point I.1 at which the relevant information is available.

Ministry of Environment supports the formation of a national information system on the environment, including data connection to organizations in  which primary data is created on the environment. A meta-information system accessible to the public is also being created, through which the addresses of data sources can be obtained.  Data are standardized according to the requirements of the European Communities. The Czech Republic is currently in the final stage of preparation of standards of the information systems of the public administration, which are binding for all levels of the state administration.

In a number of documents the Czech Republic has embraced the principles of SD.  These documents are made available to the public both in printed form and through the Internet or, on request, in electronic form (by e-mail). The Ministry of Environment  records interest in environmental information; however, these requests are not related specifically to information on SD.

 There are a number of internet addresses providing access to data related to SD; the most important are listed below:

 Ministry of Environment                         www.env.cz

Public administration port                        http://www.centralni-addresa.cz/portal/index.html

Czech Environmental Institute                        www.ceu.cz  

The Table below provides the Government's rating of available data and information suitable for decision-making.

Agenda 21 Chapters

Very

good

Good

Some good data

but many gaps

Poor

Remarks

2. International cooperation and trade  

x

     
3. Combating poverty          
4. Changing consumption patterns  

x

     
5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability  

x

     
6. Human health    

x

   
7. Human settlements    

x

   
8. Integrating E & D in decision-making      

x

 
9. Protection of the atmosphere          
10. Integrated planning and management of land resources

x

       
11. Combating deforestation    

x

   
12. Combating desertification and drought  

x

     
13. Sustainable mountain development          
14. Sustainable agriculture and rural development    

x

   
15. Conservation of biological diversity    

x

   
16. Biotechnology    

x

   
17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources          
18. Freshwater resources  

x

     
19. Toxic chemicals    

x

   
20. Hazardous wastes    

x

   
21. Solid wastes  

x

     
22. Radioactive wastes  

x

     
24. Women in sustainable development    

x

   
25. Children and youth    

x

   
26. Indigenous people          
27. Non-governmental organizations  

x

     
28. Local authorities  

x

     
29. Workers and trade unions      

x

 
30. Business and industry      

x

 
31. Scientific and technological community    

x

   
32. Farmers      

x

 
33. Financial resources and mechanisms    

x

   
34. Technology, cooperation and capacity-building    

x

   
35. Science for sustainable development    

x

   
36. Education, public awareness and training    

x

   
37. International cooperation for capacity-building  

x

     
38. International institutional arrangements  

x

     
39. International legal instruments  

x

     
40. Information for decision-making    

x

   

Different institutes under the administration of the Ministry of the Environment carry out long-term systematic monitoring on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of environmental issues. The Czech Hydro meteorological Institute monitors atmospheric changes and water resources. The Agency for Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection monitors the state of living nature and protected areas, and the Czech Geological Institute monitors geological phenomena and small catchments areas. The Ministry of Health monitors food chains. The information gathered is used by the government administrations in decision-making processes and also by the public and NGOs. Within the framework of the SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of Environment), Charles University in Prague is conducting a project to develop indicators on sustainable development. The project also studies the linkages between different aspects of sustainable development.

Research and Technologies   

Some of the information data used for capacity-building is obtained by complex technologies, such as remote sensing of the Earth, etc. GIS is a commonly used system for data management in CR. Expert systems and modeling are utilized primarily in research institutes, at universities and in the CR Academy of Sciences.  

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation

In October of 1999, in cooperation with the Czech Environmental Institute, a report was prepared on methodical testing of the UN CSD indicators under the conditions in the Czech Republic.  It was found that the Czech Republic is capable of meeting these indicators.  At the present time, they only constitute framework information for the general public and their use is not extensive.

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update:  March 2001.

Click here for links to statistical agencies in the UN ECE Region.

| Czech Republic | All Countries | Home|

 

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement  

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies   

No information is available

Financing   

No information is available

Cooperation

Bilateral cooperation is based on agreements that were concluded in the past. Cooperation with Western and Northern countries [e.g. Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Austria, Denmark and France] primarily took the form of technical, consulting and investment assistance. Cooperation with FRG evolved not only at the official state level, but also at a more local level, especially with Saxony and Bavaria.

A draft Agreement between the Government of the Czech Republic and the Government of the Republic of Poland on cooperation in environmental protection has been prepared, and it is expected to be signed in the first quarter of 1998. Negotiations also continued with Poland on a proposal for a new agreement on cooperation in the sphere of water management along border waters. An agreement was signed between the Government of the Czech Republic and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany on cooperation in environmental protection. The Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic signed the Protocol Implementing the Agreement between the Government of the Czech Republic and the Government of the Slovak Republic on Cooperation in the Sphere of Environmental Protection.

Cooperation with countries such as Canada, the USA and Great Britain is oriented to technical assistance in the sphere of environmental protection, in the Czech Republic.

Multilateral cooperation is closely connected with the membership of the Czech Republic in international organizations and with implementation of international conventions.

The Czech Republic is a party to the following conventions:

-- Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution;
-- Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution on Long-term Financing of the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP);
-- Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or their Transboundary Fluxes by at least 30 per cent;
-- Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions;
-- Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or their Transboundary Fluxes;
-- Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (Vienna Convention); Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal Protocol);
-- London Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer;
-- Copenhagen Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer;
-- Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel Convention);
-- UN Framework Convention on Climate Change;
-- Convention on Biological Diversity; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES);
-- Amendment to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora;
-- Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat;
-- Protocol to Amend the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat;
-- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe;
-- Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage; Agreement on the International Commission for Protection of the Elbe River;
-- Convention on Cooperation for Protection and Sustainable Use of the Danube River;
-- Agreement on the International Commission for Protection of the Odra/Oder River against Pollution.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of the Czech Republic to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1997.



| Natural Resource Aspects | Economic Aspects | Social Aspects |

| Czech Republic | All Countries | Home|