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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |China

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA

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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

No information is available.

 

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TRADE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The ultimate target of economic restructuring is the establishment of a socialist market economy by the end of this century, through, inter alia, the development of markets, a modern enterprise system, and comprehensive reforms of the financial, tax, banking, investment and planning systems.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

In order to promote international cooperation on China's Agenda 21 and establish cooperative partnerships on global environment and development, the Chinese Government has formulated the Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21. The Priority Programme includes 82 projects covering the following 9 priority areas: 1) capacity building for sustainable development; 2) sustainable agriculture; 3) cleaner production and environmental protection industry; 4) clean energy and transportation; 5) conservation and sustainable utilisation of natural resources; 6) environmental pollution control; 7) poverty alleviation and regional development; 8) population, health, and human settlements; and 9) global climate change and biodiversity conservation.

Status

China is committed to participating in international organizations and strengthening international cooperation. China encourages the establishment of an international trade regime that is fair, stable, non-discriminatory, predictable and takes into account the interests of developing nations. China is committed to taking an active part in global environmental protection activities. Since 1978, China has been experiencing a period of fundamental economic restructuring, involving a gradual transition from a planned economy to a socialist market economy. The Chinese economy has been gradually integrating itself into the global economic system. Dramatic changes have been undertaken in the following: 1) the structure of ownership through the introduction of individual, private and foreign capital ownership; 2) income distribution; 3) economic operations through the combination of planning and market mechanisms; 4) the decentralisation of decision-making.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation

Proceeding from the spirit of establishing global partnerships, international co-operation has been actively sought in the realm of environment and development. Supported by relevant agencies of the United Nations, international organisations, the governments of many other nations, and the business community, the Chinese Government held the First and Second International High-Level Round Table Conferences on China's Agenda 21 in 1994 and 1996 respectively. These two conferences helped promote the exchange of experience and gave new impetus to international co-operation in the field of sustainable development.

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This information was provided by the Government of China to the 5th, 6th & 8th Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: October 1999.

For access to the China Council Working Group on Trade and Environment click here:

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CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

The Population, Consumption and Social Services section of China's Agenda 21 contains the programme area Establishment of Sustainable Consumption Patterns.

Status

Consumption trends in China are not always appropriate, but, on the whole, consumption by the Chinese people is still at a low level.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

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This information is based on China's submission to the 5th & 6th Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1998

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FINANCING

No information is available.

 

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For information on participating States in the Global Environment Fund, click here:
For information about issues and projects in Asia and the Pacific from the World Bank, click here:
For access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Natural Resource Accounting: Research and Experimental Application", click here:
For access to the China Council Working Group on Resource Accounting, Environmental Economics and Pricing Policies click here:

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TECHNOLOGY

Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The Administrative Centre for China's Agenda 21 is responsible for exchange of information on all issues related to sustainable development.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

China's Sustainable Development Networking Programme has been developed in order to improve access to information, and a Local Area Network with interconnection to the Internet is being completed. Further development of these networks is planned.

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation  

The establishment of China's Environmentally Sound Technology Transfer Centre is underway with the support of the Asian Development Bank. The objective of the centre is to enhance the capacity of China in exchange and acquisition of EST information and in the assessment, introduction, development and application of appropriate ESTs, in order to foster EST transfer, to reduce industrial pollution, and to realise sustainable industrial development.

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This information is based on China's submission to the 5th & 6th Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: April 1998

Biotechnology

No information is available.

 

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Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.
Click here for the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biosafety WebPages
For access to the China Council Working Group on Scientific Research, Technological Development and Training click here:

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INDUSTRY

No information is available.

 

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Click here for access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "China's Industrial Environmental Improvement Project: Enhancing Management, Standards, Policies and Regulations for Cleaner Industrial Production":
Click here for access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Clean Production Demonstration Project: Construction of A Straw Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Plant ":
Click here for access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Demonstration Project for Cleaner Production of Chemical Fibre Pulp"
Click here for access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Demonstration Project for Cleaner Production of Steel":
Click here for access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Promoting Development of China's Environmental Protection Equipment ManufacturingIndustry and Management Capacity":
Click here for access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Application of A Dry Scrubber System for Control of Industrial Emissions":
Click here for access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Construction And Management of China Yixing Industrial Park for Environmental Science and Technology":
For access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Management and Reclamation of Mine Tailings", click here
For access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Sustainable Development Through Industrial Transformation and Cleaner Production:Benxi City", click here:

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TRANSPORT

No information is available.

 

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For access to the Priority Programme of China's Agenda 21 "Modern Transport Planning and Management and A Pilot Light Rail Project", click here:

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SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

No information is available.

 

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